Сетевая библиотекаСетевая библиотека

методичка Игнатова

Дата публикации: 13.11.2015
Тип: Текстовые документы DOC
Размер: 388 Кбайт
Идентификатор документа: -106721805_437024246
Файлы этого типа можно открыть с помощью программы:
Microsoft Word из пакета Microsoft Office
Для скачивания файла Вам необходимо подтвердить, что Вы не робот


Не то что нужно?


Вернуться к поиску
Министерство образования и науки Украины Севастопольский национальный технический университет МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ по интенсивному курсу Игнатовой “English for communication” для студентов и аспирантов всех специальностей всех форм обучения Севастополь 2002 УДК 800 Методические указания по интенсивному курсу Игнатовой / Сост.Шумилина Т.Н. – Севастополь: Изд-во СевНТУ, 2001. – 70 с. Методические указания предназначены для аспирантов и магистров СевНТУ для развития навыков разговорной речи при подготовке к сдаче кандидатского экзамена по английскому языку. Методические указания предполагают развитие речевых навыков по тематике, включенной в программу кандидатского экзамена. Допущено учебно-методическим центром СевНТУ в качестве методических указаний. Методические указания утверждены на заседании кафедры теории и практики перевода, протокол № 06 от 25 января 2002 г. С О Д Е Р Ж А Н И Е LESSON 1. Friendship Works Wonders…………………………………………………3 LESSON 2. These Things Happen16 LESSON 3. Tastes Differ..24 LESSON 4. The Pleasure was All Mine31 LESSON 5. On Interesting Personality.36 LESSON 6. There Is No Need to Worry...46 LESSON 7. A Lot Depends on Us.54 LESSON 8. Moscow Wast Built in a Day59 LESSON 9. Fansy Speaking to a Computer...69 LESSON 10. We are Parting the Best of Friends71 Рецензент: Клепикова Т.Г., зав.кафедрой ПРГЯ, доцент, канд.пед.наук LESSON 1 Friendship Works Wonders Разговорные темы урока: 1. Устойчивые словосочетания, употребляемые при встрече, знакомстве, прощании. 2. О себе. 3. О друге/коллеге. 4. Моя семья. 5. Знакомства 6. Пословицы и поговорки английского языка. Тема 1 Устойчивые словосочетания, употребляемые при встрече, знакомстве, прощании 1. What we say when meeting people. Listen, try to remember, reproduce: How do you do! Здравствуйте! It is not a question but a greeting, the customary reply to which is "How do you do?" Hallow (Hellow) Привет. Hallow everybody Здравствуйте (ко всем присутствующим). Good morning! Доброе утро! Good afternoon! Добрый день! They are pronounced with rising tone when used as words of parting. Good evening! Добрый вечер! How are you? Как поживаете? Как вы себя чувствуете? How are you getting on? Как дела? How are you getting on with your book (article, etc.) Как дела с вашей книгой (статьей и т.п.)? How are things (with you)? How goes it? Как у вас дела? How is everybody (your wife, your daughter, etc.) at home. Как ваши домашние (жена, дочь и т.п.) Anything wrong with... Что-нибудь случилось с ...? What's the matter? Что случилось? It's a long time since we met last. Мы давно не виделись. I'm glad you are back. Рад, что вы вернулись. Nice meeting you. Рад вас видеть. It's good to see you. I was missing you (badly). Я (очень) скучал без вас. 2. Replies to these greetings: 1. Listen to English variants and Russian translation: Fine, thank you. Хорошо, спасибо. I'm all right, thank you. Все в порядке, спасибо. Not bad. Неплохо. Not too well. Так себе. So, so. Ничего. Middling. Так себе. Very much the same. Так же, без перемен. Very well, thank you. Очень хорошо, спасибо. Getting better. Лучше. Getting worse. Хуже. He is doing fine (well). У него дела идут хорошо. He is doing badly. У него дела идут плохо. 1. don't know. I don't see much of him. Не знаю. Мы редко видимся. 2. Reproduce English variants. 3.Give Russian translation to English variants. 4. Translate expressions from Russian into English. 3. Listen to the dialogues, give Russian translation: 1. - How are you getting on? - Fine, thank you. And how are you? - Not too well. - Why, what's the matter? 2. - It's a long time since we met last. - Yes, very. - I'm glad you are back. I was missing you badly. - Oh, thank you. So was I. 3. - How's John? - Very much the same. 4. - How's the patient? - Getting worse, I'm afraid. 5. - How's our invalid? - Getting better, thank you! 6. - How's Jack getting on? - He's doing fine. 7. - How's Donald getting on with his article? - I'm afraid, I don't know. I don't see much of him. Reproduce the dialogues in English. 4. Answer the questions using sentences from the right-hand column: How are you? Fine, thank you. How are you getting on? Very well, thank you. How is your son? So,so. How is your wife feeling? Not bad. Not too well. How is everybody at home? Middling. Very much the same. 5. Answer questions, use sentences from those given in brackets: 1 How's your daughter? (She's doing fine. She's not doing very well. Getting better. Getting worse. Very much the same, thank you. So, so.) 2. How's everybody at home? (Not too well. Not bad. Fine, thank you. Everybody's all right. Middling.) 3. How are you getting on with your book? (Fine, thank you, I've finished it. I'm nearly through with it. Not too well, I'm afraid. Nothing to think of. Could be better.) 4. (Is) anything wrong with James? (Yes, he is not feeling very well. No, he is quite all right as far as I know. I don't know, I don't see much of him. What makes you think so? He is doing badly, I/m afraid.) 5. What's the matter with Jim? (Нe's been taken ill. He has got into trouble. Нe is getting worse. He had a bad fall.) 6. It's long time since we met last. (I'm glad you are back. I was missing you. Yes, very. Was anything wrong with you? Nice meeting you.) 6. Compose short dialogues beginning with the key question from the previous exercise: Pattern dialogue: Is anything wrong with James? - Yes, he is not feeling very well. 7. Answer questions: 1. How are you? 2. How is your wife (husband) getting on? 3. How is everybody at home? 4. How is your father feeling? 5. How are things with you? 6. What's the matter with you? 7. How are you getting on with your new job? 8. Ask questions to which the following could be the answers: 1. Fine, thank you. 2. He is doing well, thank you. 3. Not too well, I'm afraid. 4. Everybody is fine. 5. Getting better. 6. It's a long time since we met last. 7. I'm finishing it, thank you. Тема 2 О себе 1. Read the text, try to catch the idea of the text: ABOUT MYSELF I am afraid it is not so easy to speak about myself. The trouble is, I am young enough, that is why there is not much to speak about. To begin with, I am a young man, aged 23, a graduate of the University. My full name is Oleg Petrovich Nikolaev. But surely nobody addresses me this way. They call me Alic for short. I was born on the twenty first of January 1978, in a family of a teacher and an engineer. I have a sister, 5 years my senior. I am happy to have an elder sister who is my best friend, on the one hand, and, on the other, - a person who is a little elder than myself, so I can always turn to her with my troubles. It is a pity there are only four of us in the family. I like big friendly families, but nowadays there is a tendency to have very few children or no children at all. To come back to myself, I finished school, entered Sevastopol State Technical University. I don't know, for sure, what my future job is going to be yet, but I am dead sure that my choice has been made according to my inclination. As far as my inclinations are concerned, I am keen on reading in general and on reading science fiction in particular. I am mad about English, so I devote much time to it, reading, listening and speaking English. Everybody says that I am a good mixer, I am easy to get on with. I like, people with ideas, interesting people. I hope that in future I shall be lucky to meet good, kind, clever people in my life. I am a very busy person: I study at the University, so I have a lot of things to do: to do home-exercises, to read special literature, to cram something by heart, to participate in Seminars and labs, etc. I try to be a good son. I have to do some work about house - cleaning, washing up. I do my best to be a true friend, so I meet my friends as often as I can possibly manage. I try to give them a helping hand if they want it, we go to parties together or just go for a walk once in a while. The next thing I shall tell you about is my likes and dislikes. I have already mentioned something about what I like. Beside this, I like traveling, especially by car; I enjoy walking in the forest, picking mushrooms; I am fond of dancing. What I dislike is quarrelling with people. I cannot stand rude unbalanced people who are ready to fly into rage very easily; those who do not keep their promises; those who are not punctual. That will do for all this, I think. In conclusion I should like to say that in future I shall manage to make a good husband, an efficient specialist, a careful father, a good human being. 2. Learn words and word-combinations: to address smb. обращаться к кому-нибудь; she is 5 years my senior - она старше меня на 5 лет; on the one hand - с одной стороны; on the other hand — с другой стороны; to turn to smb.- обращаться к кому-либо; it is a pity - жаль, что; to know smth. for sure - знать наверняка; an inclination - наклонность; to be keen on doing smth. - очень любить делать что-либо; in particular - в частности; to be a good mixer - быть общительным, хорошим собеседником; to have smth. to do with smth. - иметь отношение к чему-нибудь; to cram - зубрить; by heart - наизусть; true - верный, преданный; once in a while - изредка; to pick mushrooms - собирать грибы; to quarrel - ссориться; rude - грубый; unbalanced - неуравновешенный; to fly into rage - свирепеть; to keep a promise - сдерживать обещание; punctual - пунктуальный; efficient - знающий. 3. Answer questions on base of the text: 1. Why is it difficult to speak about yourself? 2. Who are you? 3. What are you? 4. When were you born? 5. Have you got any brothers or sisters? 6. What profession are you going to choose? Why? 7. What are your likes and dislikes? 8. What is your attitude towards your friends (sister, mother, studies)? 9. What are you keen on? 10. Why do you say that you are a busy person? 4. Be ready to tell about yourself using active vocabulary and questions as an outline of your retelling. 5. Listen to the following dialogues, pronounce them in pairs. Try to reproduce them by heart: 1. Tell me who are you? - Me, I'm Tony Smith. - No, I meant what do you do? - Oh, I'm a dentist. - And who is that lady? - That's Mary Parker. - I mean what does she do? - She is a doctor. - Oh, so you both work in a hospital. 2. - What is your full name? - It's Steve Hall. - What is your profession (trade)? - I'm a physician. - Where do you work? - I work in a hospital. - What is it called? - Saint Peter's hospital. 3. - What do you do, Mr. Andrews? - I'm a biologist. - Do you like your profession? - Very much. Biology's a very interesting science. - Have you tried anything else? - No, never. I was attracted to it even as a schoolboy. 4. - Our new friend, Mr. Stewart, is a dentist. - A dentist? Isn't he an artist? He looks like one, doesn't he? - Oh, no! He isn't an artist. He is a dentist, that's for sure. - Well, is he a good one? - Yes, he is. 5. - Do you like your new job? - Yes, very much. It's just up my street. - What do you do? - I do translations from French into English. - What kind of translations are they? - I translate books and articles about electronics. 6. Compose your dialogues, substituting underlined expressions from the words and expressions in brackets: 1. - I'm a mechanic. (carpenter, builder, driver, teacher, pilot, salesman, actor, cook, farmer, lawyer). 2. - And what does Mrs. Roper do? - She is a musician. (pensioner, dentist, engineer, artist, journalist, diplomat). 3. - What is your occupation? (trade or profession) - I'm a builder. - Good. What else can you do? - I can work as a driver. (See words in brackets from dialogues 1, 2). 4. - Where do you work, Mr. Wilson? - I work at an institute. (in an office, at school, at a college, on TV, in a hospital, at a factory). 5. - What does your factory produce, Mr. Lee? - Our factory produces all kinds of bicycles. (cars, instruments, shoes, coats, things of glass, bookcases, plastic, oil products). 6. - What are your plans for the future, Eric? - I am going to take up a course of French at a University. (to enter a Secretarial College, to become a professional driver, to work in industry (farming), to write an English textbook, to find a husband (a job). Тема 3 О друге/коллеге Listen to Lesson 1 1. Tell us about R. Brandon, Arthur Clarke, B. Berg, M. Morgan, M. Doan, N. North, P. Harris, Sh. Pearl, S. MeQueen, T. Dakota, W. West, W. Lynn everything you've learned from the text about them. 2. Listen to the following dialogues: pronounce them in pairs. Try to reproduce them in pairs: 1. - Excuse me, who is that gentleman? - That's Mr. David Russel. - Thank you. Tell me where is he from. - Mr. Russel is from Birmingham, England. - What does he do, by the way? - He is a chemist or a physicist, something like that. 2. - Are you American, Mr. Miller? - Me? American? Oh, no! I'm English. I am an Englishman. - Is that lady English, too? - Who? Mrs. McCall? Well, she is a Scot. We are both British. - And where is Mr. O'Kelly from? - He is an Irishman. 3. - What country are you from, Mr. Adams? - I'm from USA. My name is Kotov. - Glad to meet you, Mr. Kotov. By the way, I'm going to visit your country soon. - Really? When? - Next month. 4. - Excuse me, where are you from? - From England. You have certainly heard something about Leeds. It's the town I live in. - Of course, I have. Are you here as a tourist, Mr.- - Jones. No, I'm not. I work here. I'm an engineer at the firm which is building a line at the car factory in this town. - I see, Mr. Jones. My name is Glebov. I'm a student of the Institute of Foreign Languages. I'm glad to meet you. 5. - What country are you from? - I am from England and Mr. Mclntos is from Scotland. - Are you traveling together? - Yes, we are members of a tourist group. - Have you visited many places in Russia and Ukraine? - Quite a lot. We've been to Leningrad, Kiev, Odessa and Crimea. And now we are in Moscow. 6. - Where are you from, Mrs. Hill? - I'm from Coventry. - And I'm from Volgograd. Coventry and Volgograd are twin-towns. - I was in Volgograd four years as a member of the delegation of the British Twin-Town Association. - Did you like my town? - Yes, very. Volgograd is really a very beautiful city. 7. - Where are you from. Miss - - My name is Chie. I'm from Japan. - Are you visiting our country? - Yes, I am a tourist. I have won a ten-day tour of Russia. I took part in the National Competition for the knowledge of Russian in Japan. Congratulations! Oh, but we might as well speak Russian. 8. - Where are you from? - I am from Turkey. - Turkey? That's very nice. I haven't met a Turk in my life. - And this is my first visit to Russia. Do you like my country? - It's difficult to answer in one word. - How do you mean? - Well, the greater part of it is Asia and the smaller part is in Europe. On the whole Turkey is essentially an Asian country. 3. Tell us about your friend or colleague, using active vocabulary of Lesson 1: - a well-known scientist; - a charming woman; - a handsome man; - a born singer/artist/painter/researcher; - a brilliant speaker; - a reliable partner in business; - a talented person; - a promising young researcher; - an engineer by education; - an artist by nature; - a very attractive girl; - a hardworking student; - a creative person/man/scientist. Тема 4 Моя семья 1. Develop your speaking habits, remember the following words and word combinations: members of the family члены семьи parents родители mother мать father отец daughter дочь child ребенок children дети son сын baby младенец, грудной ребенок baby sitter няня, присматривающая за ребенком sister сестра brother брат senior son старший сын junior son младший сын eldest son самый старший сын youngest son самый младший сын full brother родной брат elder brother старший брат younger brother младший брат ancestors, grandparents предки, прародители grandfather (grandpapa, grand-dad) дедушка grandmother (grandmamma, granny, grandma) бабушка great grandfather прадед senior offspring отпрыск, потомок marriage женитьба, свадьба descendants потомки generation поколение old folks at home старики, родные divorce развод give birth (to) рожать birthday день рождения grandchildren внуки great grandchildren правнуки relatives родственники Have you any relation to them? Они вам родственники? first cousin двоюродный брат second cousin троюродный брат father-in-law свекор, тесть mother-in-law свекровь, теща husband муж uncle дядя wife жена aunt тетя nephew племянник niece племянница son-in-law зять v daughter-in-law невестка step-father отчим step-mother мачеха step children (child) пасынки, падчерица step (half) brother сводный брат milk (foster) brother, sister молочный брат, сестра foster child приемный ребенок godchild (son) крестник godfather (mother) крестный (-ая) twins близнецы kinder-garden детсад 2. Read the following text and discuss it with your colleagues: WHY SO MANY ONE-CHILD FAMILIES Over half of Ukraine urban families have only one child and around a third have two. Many people put it down to the birth of a child worsening housing and economic conditions. But raising incomes and consumption levels considerably don't increase the number of families with more than one child. Instead, we meet the "feedback paradox" - the higher the income of a family, the fewer children it has. The reason is, to a large extent, social progress. Today one does not need "reserve children", because child mortality is relatively low. And children have ceased to be parents "insurance policy" in case of illness or old age: that function is performed by the social maintenance system of the state. Meanwhile every new child takes up more time and care affecting parents ability to meet their cultural and intellectual requirements. As a result the desire to have more children recedes to the background. Reduced rates of population growth are not the only cause for alarm. Statistics shows that in families with one child relations are less stable than in families with several. Of course, it would be wrong to suggest that all marriages with one child will end in divorce, while couples with several children are immune. An only child can also get accustomed to being spoilt, which can develop into selfishness. The problem will not be solved by persuasion or compulsion. The conditions must be created that will make a family want to have more children. Our demographic policy must combine cash allowances, a rather long paid maternity leave, an expanded network of child-care centers, improved working conditions for women, privileges for large families, better housing conditions and many other measures. However, it is clear that the problem cannot be solved by economic measures alone. We need a shift in the psychology of people who prefer to have one child. 3. Tell us about Mrs. D.'s family. 4. Tell us about your own family. 5. Find the part of the text where the speaker is describing one model of a "happy" married life of his friends. 6. Tell us your own opinion about really happy married life. Тема 5 Знакомства 1. Listen to the conversations and practice the sentences, used to be acquainted with people: 1. - Tony, I'd like to introduce my friend Mary Parker. - Oh, Hello. I've heard so much about you. - Hello. 2. - Professor Andrews, this is doctor Baxton. - How do you do? - How do you do? 3. - Excuse me, aren't you Henry Pollard? - Yes, that's right. 4. - May I introduce myself? My name is Susan Roper. - Oh, Hello. I'm John Lee. I'm sorry, I didn't catch your name. 5. - Sally, do you know Steve? - No, how do you do? - Hello, Sally, I'm glad to meet you. 6. - Hello, Eric! How are you? - Fine, thanks, Henry. Nice to see you again. 7. - Where are you from? - India. - Where abouts in India? Тема 6 There are 4 English proverbs in the text 1. Find Russian equivalents to them: 1. Friendship works wonders. 1. Хорошее начало - половина дела. 2. Fortune favors the brave. 2. Как тесен мир. 3. It's a small world, isn't it. 3. Дружба творит чудеса. 4. A good beginning is half the battle. 4. Удача сопутствует храбрым. 2. Give situations where the above proverbs may be used. LESSON 2 These Things Happen Разговорные темы урока: 1. Booking a room and checking in at a Hotel. 2. Arriving at a hotel. 3. Hotel services. 4. Leaving a Hotel (Checking out). Тема 1 Booking a room and checking in at a Hotel 1. Learn the following words: reserve a room book a room заказывать комнату single room комната на одного double room комната на двоих ground floor цокольный этаж first floor второй этаж (Бр.), первый этаж (Ам.) modern conveniences все удобства luggage(Br) baggage (Am) багаж porter портье, швейцар register check in зарегистрироваться be full быть переполненным (о гостинице) fill in (up) a form заполнять бланк, анкету name Christian name first name имя surname, family name second name фамилия permanent address постоянный адрес reservation заказ (заказной номер) duration продолжительность cancellation аннулирование (аннулированный заказ) arrival card листок для регистрации приезжающих overlook выходить на give a call разбудить show up проводить наверх suitе номер люкс (из нескольких комнат) 2. Read and observe the form of the following (see the vocabulary above if necessary): 1. A letter to a Hotel Manager: 11, West Street Bristol 26th November, 1991 Dear Sir, Would you please reserve a double room for me and my wife for two nights on 1st and 2nd January, 1992. We are arriving at about 6.30 p.m. and would like to have dinner that evening. We intend to leave after lunch on 3rd January. Yours truly Richard Brown 2. Telegram. The Manager, St. George's Hotel, Langham Place, London, W.I. Reserve double room bath arriving January 1 leaving January 3 R. Brown. 3. Write a letter reserving a single room at a hotel for 3 days. 4. Look through the following dialogues, dramatize them: 1.-I wonder whether you have any vacancies for tonight. - Yes, I can offer you Room 24 on the first floor. - How much is it? - 2.90 a night excluding service. - Can I see it, please? - Certainly. Would you take a seat for a moment? 2. - Have you a single room for two nights? - Yes, but only on the top floor. - What price is it? - 4.50 with service and TV. - Fair enough. Can you show me the room, please? - Of course. Would you like to follow me? 3. - Can I book a double room from now until Friday? - You can have room 33 overlooking the sea. - What's the price? - 4.20 not counting the service. - Can I have a look at it please. Yes, of course. Come this way. 3. - Have you got a twin-bedded room for one night? - I can let you have a room at the back. - What does it cost? - With a private bath, 5.25 service included. - Can you show me something a little cheaper? - Yes, of course. I won't keep you a moment. 5. Speak on communicative problems: 1. You are booking a room at a hotel by telephone. 2. You've come to a hotel and want to book a single room for three days. The hotel is full up at the moment, but you've come on business and this is the only hotel in the town. Try to convince the receptionist to find some suitable room for you. 3. A young couple is planning a trip to Brighton. They have already chosen the hotel where to stay and now they are discussing what sort of room they should reserve. 4. An old lady is going to book a room. There are many vacancies in the hotel, but the lady is rather choosy and doesn't like the rooms the receptionist is offering. The receptionist is trying to find a suitable variant. Тема 2 Arriving at a Hotel 1. Read the dialogues, dramatize them, consult the vocabulary above if necessary: 1. Hotel Clerk: Good evening, sir. Can I help you? Mr. A.: Good evening. I want a single room, please. Clerk: Have you booked a room? Mr. A.: No, I'm afraid not. Clerk: How long are you going to stay? Mr. A.: At least a week possibly longer. Clerk: I'll see what we have, sir. We are very full at present. Now let me see. Yes, I can offer you a room on the first floor or there's one on the second floor with a private bathroom. Mr. A.: Good, I'll have the second floor then, if I may. And what about my luggage? Clerk: The porter will take your cases up immediately. Mr. A.: Thank you. Clerk: Would you like early morning tea in your room? Mr. A.: Yes, and the morning papers, please. Clerk: Certainly, sir. 2. Mr. В.: Good morning. Clerk: Good morning, sir. Mr. В.: I'm Mr. B. I have a reservation here. Clerk: Just a moment, sir, I'll check. Yes, that's right, sir. Fill in a form, state your name, surname, nationality, duration of stay, etc. Mr. В.: Thank you. What shall I do with my suit-cases? Clerk: I'll get your key and have your things sent up. Your room is ready. It's 218. Take the elevator to the second floor. Mr. В.: Thank you. What time's breakfast? Clerk: You are welcome any time between 7.30 and 9.30 in the morning. The restaurant is on the ground floor. Mr. В.: Thanks a lot. 3. Mr. C.: Good morning. Can I have two single rooms or one two-bed room with a bathroom please? Receptionist: We're full up but I'll see. How long do you intend to stay? Mr. C.: I expect we'll be here a week or so. Receptionist: We've got a cancellation. You can have a two-bed room with a bathroom on the 6th floor. Mr. C.: How much is it? Receptionist: It's 5.50 a night including breakfast. Mr. C.: All right, we'll take it. Receptionist: Will you fill up the arrival cards, please? Mr. C.: Here you are. Receptionist: Thank you. The boy will show you up to your room and take in your luggage. 4. Mr. D.: Good evening. Have you a vacant room, please? Receptionist Clerk: Single or double, Ma'am? Mr. D.: Single, with bath, if possible. Receptionist Clerk: Let me see. It's rather difficult. We are usually booked up in summer. Mr. D.: Unfortunately, I didn't make up my mind to travel until the very last moment. Receptionist Clerk: I can give you a single on the first floor but without a bath. Otherwise, I have one with a bath on the fifth floor. You can go in the lift, of course. Mr. D.: Is it at the front or the back? I'm a light sleeper and the traffic on the main road might disturb me. Receptionist Clerk: The room on the fifth floor is a suite overlooking the park. Mr. D.: Good, that suits me perfectly. I'll take the room. Receptionist Clerk: Would you mind signing the register? The porter will take up your luggage. Your room is 523. Mr. D.: Give me a call in the morning, please. Let's say, at eight o'clock. Receptionist Clerk: Certainly, ma'am. Mr. D.: Thank you. 2. Reproduce the dialogue between Sh. Pearl and a receptionist from Lesson 2. Тема З Hotel Services 1. Learn words and expressions: call up звать, вызывать (по телефону) straight away сразу, сейчас же a boot ботинок a boots коридорный (который чистит обувь в гостинице) laundry 1. прачечная 2. белье для стирки или из стирки floor attendant дежурный на этаже do a room убирать комнату a baber's мужской зал в парикмахерской a hairdresser's женский зал в парикмахерской a foreign currency bank пункт обмена валюты a post office почта a drycleaner's химчистка a shoe repair shop ремонт обуви 2. Read the dialogues, dramatize them, see the vocabulary above: 1. Mr. A.: Where can I change dollars into pounds here? Clerk: The banking office is housed on the ground floor. Mr. A.: Thank you. What time's breakfast by the way? Clerk: Well, it's any time between 8 and 10 or you could have it sent up. Mr. A.: Oh, that's nice. I'd prefer it in my room. If they send it up round about 8.30 that'll be fine. Clerk: Very good, sir. Mr. A.: Will there be an extra charge for that? Clerk: A 15% service charge is added to the account. 2. Mrs. В.: I wonder if I could have a word with you? Clerk: At your service. Mrs. В.: Can I have dinner in my room? Clerk: Certainly, ma'am. If you need something there is an electric bell in the room. Press the button once for the chambermaid, twice for the porter, three times for the waiter. Mrs. В.: Thank you very much. Clerk: Not at all. 3. Mr. C.: Will you make me up at 7 tomorrow morning? Floor Attendant: Certainly, sir. I'll make a note and we shall call you up at that time Mr. C.: Can we get our coffee at about eight? Floor Attendant: Yes, indeed. Breakfast is served from 8 to 10. Mr. C.: Thanks a lot. Floor Attendant: That's all right. 4. Mrs. D.: I'd like to have my dress brushed and pressed. Floor Attendant: Will you let me have it straight away? Mrs. D.: Oh, yes. When will it be ready? Floor Attendant: In an hour's time. Mrs. D.: Fine, thank you. 5. Mr. Т.: May I have my boots cleaned and polished? Floor Attendant: Certainly, sir. Press the button four times for the boots. Mr. Т.: Thank you. Floor Attendant: Not at all. 6. Mrs. R.: Could you help me, please? Clerk: Certainly, ma'am. Mrs. R.: I have some laundry. Clerk: Oh, no problem. The maid who does your room will also take your washing. Mrs. R.: Thank you. Clerk: Not at all. 7. Chambermaid: Did you ring, sir? Mr. P.: Yes, can you launder this for me? Chambermaid: Certainly, sir. Mr. P.: When can I have it back? Chambermaid: Let me see... I think we can manage it by tomorrow. Mr. P.: Well. Thank you. I'd like to have it before noon. Chambermaid: Very good, sir. 3. Speak on communicative problems: 1. You have an important appointment tomorrow and want to put all your clothes in order. Ask the hotel clerk to help you. 2. You are receiving guests in your room tonight. Ask the waiter to serve dinner for three persons in your room. 3. You are a hotel clerk. A guest is asking you about hotel services. Explain to him what he should do when he needs something. 4. You are checking out tomorrow morning. Ask the floor attendant to wake you up, to serve coffee in you room early in the morning. 4. Tell us about the hotel you stayed at when participating in the last scientific conference. Тема 4 Leaving a Hotel (Checking out) 1. Learn the following words and expressions: vacate освобождать (номер) further charge дополнительная плата make out выписывать счет, чек settle an account оплачивать счет sign out выписываться из гостиницы 2. Read the dialogues, dramatize them: 1. Mr. A.: I'm leaving this afternoon. May I have my bill now? Room 654. Clerk: Just a minute, sir. Here you are. Mr. A.; Where can I pay the bill? Clerk: The cashier's desk is to your left. How did you find it here in out hotel? Mr. A.: I've been very comfortable here. Thank you very much indeed. Clerk: You are welcome. 2. Mrs. В.: I'm checking out tonight. Please, have the bill ready. Clerk: Very good, ma'am, but the room should be vacated by noon otherwise a further charge will be made. Mrs. В.: I don't need the room any longer. Please, take my luggage down and call a car for me. Clerk: Good, ma'am. I'll take care of that. Mrs. В.: Thank you. Clerk: Please hand in your key to the porter before leaving hotel. 3. Mr. C.: We'll check out tomorrow morning. Please make out the bill. I want to settle the account. Clerk: Just a moment, sir. Here's your bill. Mr. C.: Where's the cashier's desk? Clerk: It's next to the currency exchange. Mr. C.: Thank you. Will you send our luggage down? Clerk: Certainly, sir. Did you enjoy staying at our hotel? Mr. C.: Oh, yes. We've enjoyed our stay here. 4. Mrs. D.: My room key, please. 709. Clerk: Here you are, ma'am. Mrs. D.: Did anyone ask for me? Clerk: Oh, yes. There is a message for you. Mrs. D.: Thank you. We'll leave at about noon the day after tomorrow. Can you make out the bill in advance? Clerk: Certainly, ma'am. Please warn the clerk in advance when checking out so that he (she) can have the bill ready for you in time. Mrs. D.: Thank you so much. Clerk: That's all right. 3. Speak on the following communicative problems: 1. You have to leave the hotel immediately, you are in a hurry. Inform the clerk. Ask him to perform all the necessary formalities as soon as possible. 2. You are a hotel clerk. Explain to your guest the procedure of checking out. LESSON 3 Tastes Differ Разговорные темы урока: 1. Meals in different countries. 2. At a restaurant. 3. English proverbs and sayings. Тема 1 Meals in Different Countries 1. Read the text and answer the following questions, using active vocabulary below the text: MEALS A meals is an occasion for taking food; it is also the food that is taken. Meal-time is the usual time for taking a meal. Meals and meal-times in England are not the same in all families. The usual meals in England are breakfast, lunch and supper. Breakfast is generally a bigger meal than they have on the Continent, though some English people like a continental breakfast of rolls and butter and coffee. I expect you've heard all about the English breakfast, with its porridge or cereal, bacon and eggs, buttered toasts and marmalade (made of orange) and tea or coffee. Very few people like chocolate or cocoa for breakfast. For a change you can have a hard or soft boiled egg, cold ham or perhaps fish, some coffee and a roll. The writer Somerset Maugham once said, "If you want to eat well in England, eat three breakfasts". At about one o'clock comes a meal which is dinner to some people and lunch to others. Those who have hot dinner, sometimes called lunch, in the middle of the day, have a cold meal at about half past five or six, which is generally called tea or high tea. Others have a light lunch at one and a hot dinner at seven or half past seven. At lunch time you can easily find in numerous cafes and restaurants a mutton chop or steak and chips, or cold meat, or perhaps fish with potatoes, salad and pickles, then a pudding or fruit to follow. Some people like a glass of light beer with lunch. Most Englishmen like what they call "good plain food". Usually they have beefsteaks, chops, roast beef and fried fish or chips. Yet, due to the influence of other nationalities living in Great Britain the English are becoming more adventurous in their eating and cooking habits. Thus, Italian, Chinese and Pakistani restaurants are frequented by many. Afternoon tea can be hardly called a meal, but for the leisured classes it is a sociable occasion when people often come in for a chat over their cup of tea. But some people like to have the so-called "high tea" which is quite a substantial meal. They have it between five and six o'clock. In a well-to-do family it will consist of ham or tongue and tomatoes and salad, or kipper, or tinned salmon, or sausages, with strong tea, bread and butter, then stewed fruit or a tin of pears, apricots or pineapples with cream and custard and pastries or a cake. In some houses dinner is the biggest meal of the day. Dinner time throughout England is around seven o'clock in the evening. This evening meal goes under various names; tea, high tea, dinner or supper depending upon its size and also the social standing of those eating it. But in a great many English homes the midday meal is the chief one of the day, while in the evening they have much a simpler supper - an omelette, or sausages, sometimes bacon and eggs, or whatever they can afford. 2. Active words and expressions: occasion; a continental breakfast; a roll; I expect you've heard; porridge; cereal; buttered toasts; cocoa; for a change; hard or soft boiled eggs; ham; a mutton chop; a steak and chips; pickles; to follow; light beer; "good plain food"; roast beef; leisured classes; a sociable occasion; to come in for a chat; the so-called high tea; a substantial meal; a well-to-do family; tongue; kipper; tinned salmon; stewed fruit; a tin of pears; a pineapple; custard; pastries; throughout England; depending upon; the social standing; due to; adventurous; eating and drinking habits; whatever they can afford. 3. Complete the given story answering the following questions: 1. What does the word "meal" mean? 2. What are the usual meals in England? 3. What's the difference between a continental and English breakfast? 4. What does the ordinary English breakfast consist of? 5. What time of a day is called lunch time? 6. What does lunch generally consist of? 7. Where is lunch usually eaten? 8. What is meant by "good plain food"? 9. When do the English usually have high tea? 10. What food is usually eaten at dinner time? 4. Compare "meals' in England and in Ukraine, Russia. 5. Tell us about your way of taking food. Тема 2 At a Restaurant 1. Look through and memorize the following words: to miss пропустить a choice выбор porridge овсяная каша cereal кукурузные хлопья main course основное блюдо expensive дорогой hors d'oeuvres закуска roast meat жареное мясо an extra дополнительно similar похожий sample menus образцы меню 2. Look through sample menus and tell us if you are satisfied with it or not: Breakfast (7/30 a.m. - 9.30 a.m.) Grapefruit Pineapple Tomato Porridge Cereal Bacon and Egg Scrambled Egg Fish Toast and Marmalade Tea Coffee Lunch (12 a.m. - 14 a.m.) Grape or Fruit Cocktail Fish Veal Cutlets Ice-cream Cheese Biscuits & Butter Coffee & Tea Afternoon Tea (5 p.m. - 6 p.m.) Tea Coffee Brown & White Bread & Butter Rolls Sandwiches Cakes (small & large) Dinner (7 p.m. - 8.30 p.m.) Grapefruit Clear soup Fish Fillets of Beef Cold Sweet Cheese & Biscuits & Butter Dessert (Fruit) Coffee 3. Read the text: HAVING MEALS AT THE HOTEL While staying at a British hotel be sure not to miss the breakfast. If you are touring you may not have to stop for lunch after a good English breakfast. It usually begins with a choice of fruit juice, porridge or cereal. Then comes the main course with a choice of bacon and egg, bacon and sausage, boiled egg, scrambled egg or fish. Finally there is toast and marmalade. You may choose tea or coffee to drink though in cheaper hotels you may be offered only tea. In more expensive hotels there is more choice at each stage. Lunch in a simple hotel begins with soup, though in a more expensive one you usually have a choice of soup, juice or hors d'oeuvres. For the main course there are three main choices: cold meat and salad, fish, or roast meat and two vegetables. Then there is a choice of sweets such as hot apple tart, a hot milk pudding, cold fruit salad, or ice-cream. If you wish to finish the meal with coffee, you must pay for it as an extra. In most hotels you may also drink wine or beer with your main course, but this is also an extra, and wine is expensive in Britain. Dinner in a hotel is very similar to lunch, except that there is usually more choice and it is nearly always dearer. In an expensive hotel there is also often an extra fish course before the main course. Choosing a meal can be a problem sometimes because dishes are called unknown foreign names. Do not guess - ask the waiter to help you. 4. Answer the following questions on base of the text: 1. Why is it advisable not to miss the breakfast at a British hotel? 2. What is the difference between the menus in simple and in more expensive hotels? 3. What dishes may you expect to find for breakfast (lunch, tea, dinner) in an English hotel? 4. What are breakfast (lunch, tea, dinner) hours in most English hotels? 5. Can choosing a meal be a problem? 6. What is the best way to find out what the name of the dish means? 7. What would you like to take for breakfast (lunch, dinner)? 5. Look through additional vocabulary and try to memorize it: orange juice апельсиновый сок grapefruit juice сок грейпфрута porridge овсяная каша cereal кукурузные хлопья bacon and egg(s) яичница с беконом ham and egg яичница с ветчиной boiled egg вареное яйцо scrambled egg(s) яичница-болтунья toast тост, гренка marmalade варенье (из апельсиновых или лимонных корочек) hors d'oeuvres закуска salad салат soup суп clear soup бульон vegetable soup овощной суп chicken soup куриный бульон beef-steak бифштекс mutton chop баранья отбивная pork chop свиная отбивная fish and chips рыба с жареным картофелем fried potatoes жареный картофель mashed potatoes пюре beans горошек lettuce зеленый салат tomato помидор dessert (sweets) десерт, сладкое блюдо apple tart (pie) яблочный торт plum pudding сливочный пудинг fruit salad фруктовый салат wine вино beer пиво English tea чай с молоком Russian tea чай с лимоном pot of tea заваренный чай bread and butter бутерброд с маслом cake пирожное 6. Read and dramatize the dialogue: AT A HOTEL RESTAURANT (Tea-time) Mrs. A.: Let's sit over there by the window, shall we? Mr. A.: All right, here's an empty table. Now, let me help you with your coat. Mrs. A.: Thank you, John. Mr. A.: Now then, what would you like to have? Tea or coffee? Mrs. A.: I think I'd like tea, please. Mr. A.: Waitress! Can we have a pot of tea for two, please? Waitress: Yes, sir. And what would you like to eat? Mrs. A.: I'd like bread and butter, a cheese sandwich and some cake. Mr. A.: So would I. Have you got any of your special chocolate cakes today? Waitress: Yes, we have. I'll bring you some. Anything else? Mrs. and Mr. A.: No, I don't think so, thank you. Waitress: Tea for two, bread and butter and cheese sandwich and chocolate cakes. Mr. A.: That's right. Waitress: Thank you. 7. Speak on communicative problems: 1. You have invited your British colleague to dine with you at the restaurant of the hotel you are staying at. Ask him what he would like to have and make the order. 2. You are having lunch in a French restaurant. The menu is written in French, but the waiter can a little speak English. Ask him to help you with your choice. 3. You are a waiter. A guest wants to order breakfast in his room. Take his order (don't forget to ask him all the necessary questions). 4. You and your English friend are in a Russian restaurant. Advise him on the Russian food, answer his questions about some national dishes. Тема 3 English proverbs and sayings 1. Give Russian equivalents: - Eat at pleasure, drink with measure and enjoy life as it is; - Tastes differ; - Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise; - Health is the greatest wealth; - Love conquers all. 2. Give situation where above mentioned proverbs are used in the text. 3. Tell us about the rules you follow in your life, use as many proverbs as you can. LESSON 4 The Pleasure Was All Mine Разговорные темы урока: 1. My flat 2. Receiving guests 3. English proverbs and sayings Тема 1 My Flat 1. Look through the following words and word combination, try to memorize them: a high-rise block of flats высотный многоквартирный дом a low-rise house невысокий дом rapidly быстро a neighborhood микрорайон to move to/into переехать, въехать в modem conveniences современные удобства central heating центральное отопление a rubbish chute мусоропровод to face south выходить окнами на юг spacy просторный a built-in closet встроенный шкаф a pantry кладовая a coat-rack вешалка для верхней одежды a chest of drawers комод an oven духовой шкаф a sink раковина для мытья посуды a base unit напольный кухонный шкаф с разделочным столом a wall cupboard настенный посудный шкаф to provide обеспечивать a pot кастрюля cutlery ножевые изделия various различные a utensil принадлежность, утварь a tap кран a washbasin раковина для умывания a cabinet застекленный шкафчик a towel rail вешалка для полотенец alternatively поочередно an upholstered suite набор мягкой мебели huge огромный a settee канапе, небольшой диван a round section мягкий уголок a wall unit набор корпусной мебели, стенка a display cabinet застекленная часть серванта stereo стереофонический a loudspeaker колонка, усилитель a fitted carpet ковровое покрытие, палас heavy тяжелый a curtain занавеска a pot-plant комнатное растение care забота a double bed двуспальная кровать a dressing table with a mirror трюмо, трельяж to share делить, разделять a tape-recorder магнитофон to scatter разбрасывать here's no place like home в гостях хорошо, а дома лучше to be fitted out with быть оборудованным to pay rent платить квартирную плату to furnish обставлять, меблировать to improve улучшать(ся) 2. Read the text: MY FLAT Our family's got a flat in a high-rise block of flats in a rapidly developing neighborhood. We moved into it about a decade ago. There are three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom, a toilet and a hall in our flat. And it's got all the usual modern conveniences: central heating, running hot and cold water, a rubbish chute, to say nothing of electricity and gas. The rooms face south and west which means lots of sunshine. Our flat is on the second floor so that's no trouble when the lift is out of order. Any flat starts in the hall. Ours is not very spacy, but it has built-in closets and a pantry. There's a coat-rack, an umbrella-stand, a mirror and a chest of drawers with a telephone on it. The kitchen is planned is such a way as to make good housekeeping easy. There's a refrigerator in one corner and gas cooker with an oven in another. The sink is built into one of the base units which, together with wall cupboards, provide much room for pots, cutlery and various kitchen utensils. The bathroom also provides a maximum of convenience. It has both a bath and a shower, hot and cold water taps, a washbasin with a mirrored bathroom cabinet above, a towel rail on the wall and a bath mat on the floor. The three rooms are the living-room, which is alternatively used as a sitting-room or dining-room, my parent's bedroom and the children's room. None of the rooms is very large, yet of the three the living-room is the largest. There's a coffee table in the middle of the room with an upholstered suite, consisting of a huge armchair, a settee and a round section round it. There are wall units against one wall with a cupboard unit, a wardrobe unit, a bookcase unit, a display cabinet, a TV-set and a stereo system with two loudspeakers. At the opposite wall one can see a piano with a piano stool in front of it. Over the piano there are two pictures on the wall, watercolors both. There's fitted carpet on the floor and heavy curtains on the window. Some pot-plants standing on the window-sill are my mother's special care. My parent's bedroom is darker and smaller than the living-room. There's a double bed with two bedside tables on both sides of it. A large wardrobe is in the right-hand corner opposite the window. There are two bedroom lamps on the wall above the beds. The dressing table with a mirror is standing against the opposite wall. The third room is the children's room and the study combined, as I share it with my younger sister. There's not much furniture in it, only the most necessary pieces. It has a writing-desk with drawers. There's a reading lamp on it. There are books on the shelves all round the walls. In the left-hand comer there is a book-case full of books. A small table with a cassette tape-recorder is standing by the window. Near it there's my sofa. My sister's bed stands in the right-hand comer and her toys are always scattered all round the room. 3. Answer the following questions: 1. How many rooms are there in the flat? 2. What moden conveniences are there in the flat? 3. What floor is the flat on? 4. What furniture is there in the hall? 5. Describe the bathroom, please. 6. Describe the kitchen, please. 7. What furniture is there in the living-room? 8. How is parents bedroom furnished? 9. Describe the children's room, please. 4. Use the following questions as an outline of your own story about the flat you live in: 1. What's your address? 2. What conveniences have you got in your flat? 3. What does your room look on to? 4. What's your idea of a comfortable living-room? 5. When do people like to say "There's no place like home?" 6. What is a bathroom in a modern flat usually fitted out with? 7. How is your bedroom furnished? 8. What would you like to improve or change in your flat? 9. How do you pay your rent (water, gas, central heating, etc)? 10. What kind of neighborhood do you live in? 5. Tell us about the house Mrs. Sedova lives in. 6. Be ready to discuss the problem: "Where would you like to live: in a black of flats or in a private house in the suburbs? Advantages and disadvantages". Тема 2 Receiving Guests 1. Write an invitation for your colleague to visit you, using Mrs. Sedova's invitation for Bernard. 2. Translate the following words and word combinations from the text: - Oh, it's you, Bernard! - How lovely to see you! - You are welcome. - Come in, everybody - to present smb. with smth. - a box of chocolates - a bunch of flowers - to hang up clothes (hats, coats, umbrellas and etc.). - This way, please. - Will you go into the living room. - Make yourselves comfortable. - Tea is ready. Help yourself, please. - Will you pass me... (the teapot, sugar-pot, some cakes...) - to pour out the tea (coffee, milk, soup...) - some more tea? - Yes, please, thank you. - No, thank you. - Thanks for having us /The pleasure was all mine. 3. Dramatize Mrs. Sedova's receiving guests. 4. Tell us about your last meeting with your friends. Тема З English proverbs and sayings 1. Find Russian equivalents to the following: 1. If you can't have the best make the best of what you have. 1. Выбирай автора, как друга выбираешь 2. Choose an author as you choose a friend. 2. Нет плохой погоды, одежда. есть плохая 3. There isn't bad weather there are bad clothes. 3. Лучше синица в руках, в небе. чем журавль 2. Use above mentioned proverbs in your own situations. LESSON 5 On Interesting Personality Разговорные темы урока: 1. Hobby. 2. My favourite writer/poet. 3. My scientific adviser. , 4. The day when everything goes wrong. 5. English proverbs and sayings. Тема 1 Hobby 1. Look through active vocabulary and try to remember word and word combinations: to define определять leisure досуг a postage stamp почтовая марка a view card открытка с видом a coin монета architectural архитектурный design проект expensive дорогой of late за последнее время to enlarge увеличивать to broaden one's outlook расширять кругозор one's folks чьи-то близкие to be keen on smth. увлекаться чем-либо at a stretch подряд fancy причудливый, фантастический a watercolor акварель to get accustomed to smth. привыкнуть к чему-либо to grow skillful at smth. стать умелым в чем-либо a sketch набросок to suit smb. fine очень подходить кому-то to remove tension from снимать напряжение a soul душа to feel at peace with ощущать гармонию с to satisfy удовлетворять to envy завидовать humane человечный 2. Read the text, translate it: MY HOBBY Hobby is usually defined as an interesting occupation for leisure time, not one's regular business. The author of some article I once read has counted 1019 personal interests and ways of spending one's spare time. The most popular hobbies are collecting postage stamps, view cards, coins or books. Some people collect pictures showing the most interesting architectural designs of our time. Others are interested in photography and take their cameras with them wherever they go. A friend of mine took to collecting tape records a few years ago. He's got dozens of recordings now, mostly pop-music and jazz concert. But this hobby has become somewhat too much expensive of late. The main thing about hobbies is that they enlarge a person's knowledge in some particular field and broaden his outlook. Besides, they serve to kill time with minimal harm to your folks. As long as I can remember myself, I have always been keen on drawing. Even at 4 or 5 I could be sitting hours at a stretch filling my albums with fancy flowers and animals. When I grew older I tried water colours but somehow I couldn't get accustomed to paints. I preferred colour pencils and grew rather skillful at using them. I've got heaps of drawings and sketches at home, some done at a lesson, others at a party, or on the beach. Fond of drawing as I am, I've never dreamed of becoming an artist. Even when a small girl I had sense enough to understand that I'd always be an amateur. And it suits me fine. It's wonderful kind of hobby. It removes tension from the mind and rests the soul. When drawing, I always feel at peace with the world. At the same time drawing satisfies the need for self-expression and the hunger for beauty. I've never envied people claiming that they manage to combine both their hobby and career. Of course, it's great to find satisfaction and joy in doing one's job. But I'm sure it's very useful to have something different to switch to. It makes one more humane, more interesting for others and oneself. 3. Answer the questions on the text: 1. What is your understanding of "hobby"? 2. What are the most popular hobbies? 3. What is your hobby? 4. When did you first become interested in it? 5. What do you do when you are busy with it? 6. How much time can you spare for it a day? 7. Who do you share your hobby with? 8. What do your parents and friends think of your hobby? 9. Would you recommend your hobby to other school students? 10. Would you like to devote the whole of your life to it? 4. Tell us about your hobby, using active vocabulary. 5. Interview your colleague, ask him/her about his/her likes and dislikes. Тема 2 My Favourite Writer/Poet 1. Look through words and expressions, translate them into Russian: spare time; to indulge in; science fiction; fantasy; by now; disposed against; to point out; disconnection; no matter how...; based on; tendencies characteristic of; psychology; to develop to the logical end; thorough; to foretell the future; universally recognized as; a farm-stead; to depict; nobility; shortly afterwards; anyhow; unable; rightly regarded as; a trilogy; an ordeal; a profound retrospection; an insight into the human nature; to a certain extent; to remind of; to cherish the idea; to possess; in the long run; the mightiest weapon; a maniac; to spare; a victim; forewarning a disaster; disuse. 2. Read the text and tell us about Alexey Tolstoy: MY FAVOURITE RUSSIAN WRITER I learned to read before I was four and since then I've been always fond of reading. I spent most of my spare time reading. Like many other young people I indulge in reading science fiction and fantasy. By now I've got quite a collection of science fiction books at home. Some people are disposed against this kind of literature pointing out its disconnection with reality. Personally, I believe that serious science fiction and fantasy, no matter how fantastic they may seem, are always based on the present day life. They find out tendencies characteristic of the present day science, society and human psychology and develop these tendencies to their logical end. Thus, thorough science fiction literature often foretells the future rather exactly. The American and English science fiction authors are universally recognized as the world's leaders of this genre. As far as the Russian science fiction literature is concerned, I consider Alexey Nikolayevich Tolstoy to be its father. A.N. Tolstoy was bom on the tenth of January, 1883, in the town of Nikolayevsk in the province of Samara. His father, Count Nikolay Tolstoy, died early, and the boy spent his childhood with his mother, a children's writer, and his stepfather at his stepfather's farm-stead not far from Samara. In 1905 A.N. Tolstoy published his first book of poems, which was followed by short stories depicting the life of the Russian provincial nobility. A.N. Tolstoy could not accept the October revolution and immigrated shortly afterwards. Anyhow, in five years the writer returned to Russia, unable to live away from his motherland. Alexey Tolstoy is rightly regarded as one of the best historical novelists of the world. His novel "Peter the Great" and the trilogy "Ordeal" have the world-wide reputation for their profound historical retrospection and deep insight into the human nature. As for science fiction, two novels of this genre came out from under his pen: "Aelita" in 1923 and "Engineer Garin's Hyperboloid" in 1926, of which the second one is more to my liking. To a certain extent, its main character, engineer Garin, reminds me of Herbert Well's invisible man. A talented scientist, Garin cherishes the idea of possessing the world. In the long run, having invented the mightiest weapon of the time, Garin becomes a dangerous maniac. Only his death spares the humanity numerous victims and, probably, the total destruction. In many ways this novel is forewarning of many future disasters caused by the disuse of scientific achievements. Besides, it has foretold the invention of lazer, then unknown. 3. Look through the text and tell us about Sir Arthur Conan Doyle: MY FAVOURITE ENGLISH WRITER When I think of the English writer I like best, I can think of no one but Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was bom in Edinburgh in 1859 of an Irish Catholic family. He was educated at Stonyhurst and Edingburgh University where he qualified as a doctor, and afterward practiced at Southsea from 1882 to 1890. There can be few men in history and even fewer writers whose genius had so many facets and received so many sincere tributes from men of all nations. His influence on police methods and criminology all over the world is well-known. In his Sherlock Holmes stories he originated the now universally accepted science of deduction. The Chinese and Egyptian police used Conan Doyle's works as their official training text-books; J. Edgar Hoover, as its chief, declared that the FBI had incorporated his methods to the full; and the French Surete named its celebrated criminal laboratory at Lyons after him. The range of his books is immense. The fame of Sherlok Holmes tends to overshadow his historical novels, his vast output of short stories, his official history of the Boer War and six-volume history of the Great War. A list of his achievements, too long to give in full, is amazing: he invented the Naval life-jacket, persuaded the Army to adopt the steel helmet and before World War I, warned in vain of the menace ofU-boats. He worked in close association with Sir Winston Churchill in the Pilgrim Trust and was as warmly admired in the United States as in Britain and France. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle played both football and cricket for his county, and once played for the Gentlemen of England. He was one of England's team in the Prince Henry Motor Race in 1911 - another example of the pioneering spirit that always inspired him. He was an expert boxer and billiard player, and it was he who introduced skiing into Switzerland in 1893. When Conan Doyle died in 1930, one of his greatest contemporaries, Sir Winston Churchill, said of him: "I had a great admiration for him. Of course I read every Sherlock Holmes story. But the works I like even more than the detective stories are the great historical novels which, like Sherlock Holmes, have certainly found a permanent place in English literature". 4. Look through the text and tell us about Ray Bradbury: MY FAVOURITE AMERICAN WRITER Against the varied and multicoloured background of the post-war American literature Ray Bradbury's creative activity is unique in many respects. There's no denying the fact that the nation-wide interest and popularity enjoyed by the American science fiction literature in the post-war years was to the great extent aroused by Ray Bradbury's works. Yet, both science fiction authors and critics refused to recognize Bradbury as a science fiction writer. The thing was that life in his novels and short stories did not fit into scientific or technical-scientific principles and laws. Ray Bradbury created his own universe according to his own poetic, law-free and scheme-free imagination. His works, and especially short stories, seemed closer to the genre of a fairy-tale, a parable, a legend. Later on this genre would be universally accepted and adored as fantasy. Ray Duglas Bradbury was born on August 22, 1920, in the town of Wokehan, Illinois, into the family of an electric plant worker. His mother was a devoted cinema fan, and Ray got his second name after his mother's favourite actor, a mute cinema star Duglas Furbanks. The impressions which made up the boy's spiritual food were provided by books, cinema and circus. They determined the future writer's inner world, the world which had always been open to everything bright and uncommon. At twelve Ray helped his father to support the family, reading stories for children on the radio every Saturday. At the same time he began writing short stories about the red planet. Mars, - one after another, quickly, happily, enjoying his own fantasies. By the time the young man left school he had already become a writer. Bradbury's literaty taste and personal ideas were greatly influenced by Edgar Burroyghs, on the one hand, and Ernest Hemingway and Thomas Wolf, on the other hand. His first book of short stories was published in 1941 and was an immediate success. By the middle of 1940-s he was already a short-story writer with a certain reputation. Ray Bradbury himself called this novel "an accidental novel". His other novels are "Dandelion Wine", "Farenheit 451" and "Something Wicked This Way Come", yet Bradbury worked in the genre of a short fantasy story mostly. But what makes all of his works so deep and thrilling is his firm belief in spiritual riches of a human soul that endures and survives. 5. Tell us facts from the text about R. Burns's biography. 6. Answer the following questions: 1. How old were you when you learned to read? 2. What literature genres are more to your liking? 3. Who is your favourite Russian writer? 4. When and where was he born? 5. What family did he come from? 6. What education did he receive? 7. Which of his books are best known? 8. Which of his books do you like best? Why? 9. What is the main idea of this book? 10. What do you think of its main character? 7. Tell us about your favourite writer/poet. Тема 3 My Scientific Adviser 1. Look through the biography of Michael Faraday: A FAMOUS SCIENTIST One of the great names in the history of man's work in electricity is that of Michael Faraday. He was born in a small village near London on September 22, 1791, in a poor family. His father, a blacksmith, could not even dream of an education for his boy as the family lived from hand to mouth. As a boy Michael did not have much schooling. At the age of thirteen he went to work in a bookbinder's shop. Some of the scientific works which passed through his hands aroused his interest in science and he started to read. Once an article on electricity he ran across struck his imagination. Soon his chief interest was in electricity. His brilliant knowledge in scientific subjects enabled him to become a pupil of an outstanding scientist of the time. Sir Humphry Davy. He could now work in the company of scientists and was given an opportunity to do scientific research. He also accompanied Davy in his trips to Europe. The educational value of such trips was great. Among great men of science Faraday met in Europe were Volta and Ampere, who had already made a name for themselves in the history of electricity. Faraday's scientific interests were varied. He made a new kind of steel and a new kind of glass. He studied flying. During his lifetime, Faraday made more than two thousand difficult experiments and made countless valuable discoveries in chemistry and physics. But the most important of his discoveries was the generation of electricity from magnetism. Today almost all the electricity we use is generated by great machines with magnets in them, but in those days no one knew how to do it. In Russia, France and Germany scientists were making experiments but failed to succeed. No wonder that the forty-year-old English scientist danced with delight on his table when he got what he wanted by moving the magnet wire. This was a great moment in the history of man's electrical experiments. But Faraday did not stop at this. He made a wonderful machine, which was the father of all the great machines that make electricity today. They light and heat our houses; they make our radio-sets work; they give the necessary power to drive our electric trains. Michael Faraday, the creator of the electric motor, ushered in the electrical age which had changed the face of the earth. 2. Answer the following questions: 1. When and where was Michael Faraday born? 2. What family did he come from? 3. How old was Michael when he began to work? 4. How did his first job influence the course of his life? 5. What was the young man interested in most of all? 6. Who can be considered Michael Faraday's teacher? 7. What can you tell about Faraday's scientific interests? 8. Which of Faraday's discoveries is considered the greatest? 9. How old was Faraday when he generated electricity from magnetism? 10. Why do we say that it was Faraday who ushered in the electrical age? 3. Look through the biography of M. Keldysh. What facts about him have you learned from the text. A life devoted to research Mstislav Keldysh Mstislav Keldysh, prominent Russian scientist, President of the Academy of Sciences, is well know both in this country and abroad. The highly diversified talent of Keldysh found expression in his fundamental works of research into the problems of mathematics, mechanics, physics, astronautics, aerodinamics, jet propulsion and other sciences. Mstislav Keldysh was born in 1911, in Riga in the family of a Professor of the Politecknical Institute. After leaving school he entered Moscow University, the Physics and Mathematics Faculty. He graduated from the University in 1931 at the age of 20 and began to work at the Central Aero-Hydrodinamical Institute the center of aviation science at the time. At the same time he continued studies at a Mathematical Institute to obtain a Doctor of science degree. He received the degree in 1938, when he was 27. Five years later he was elected a corresponding member of the Academy of sciences, and in 1956 a full member. Academician an Mstislav Keldysh became President of the Academy in 1961. His contribution to science is of great importance. As a Professor of Moscow University he delivered lectures, served as an adviser to the scientific staff and at the same time did extensive theoretical research. He developed the theory of FIUTTER. An effective means of overcoming the flutter was worked out on the basis of this theory. In the sphere of aerodinamics and hydrodinamics Keldysh was a brilliant continuer of the experimental work done by the two famous scientists, N.Zhukovsky and S. Chaplygin. Mstislav Keldysh made a major contribution to the advancement of computation mathematics, the development of computing machines and the solution of a number of problems of automatic control. Besides his scientific and educational work, M. Keldysh was also engaged in extensive social activities. He was awarded a number of Government decorations, the Gugenheim International Prize for his valuable contribution to the progress of science. He was a member of quite a number of foreign Academies and Universities. 4. Use the following word combinations as an outline of your retelling about your scientific adviser: to be well known both in this country and abroad to find expression in fundamental works of research into the problems to be born in ... (year), in ... (city), in the family of... after leaving school to enter the University the faculty of... to graduate from the University in ... (year) at the age of... to continue studies to obtain a Doctor of science degree to receive the degree in ... to be elected... His contribution to science is of great importance as a professor of... (University) to deliver lectures to serve as an adviser to scientific staff to do extensive theoretical research to develop the theory of... to make a major contribution to ... to be engaged in extensive social activity to be awarded decorations (international government...) to have... papers published Тема 4 The Day When Everything Goes Wrong 1. Look through active vocabulary and translate it: to get stuck in the lift to leave smth. somewhere the rush hour much traffic in the street to crown it all to slip on the pavement /staircase/ice/snow to break smth. words fail me the road was slippery to cross the road to come around the comer to travel fast at the speed of... to have difficulty in controlling the car to hit smth. (lamp-post, pavement, another car...) to turn over no doubt to need help there was a lot of blood on one's face to hurry into the station to phone for an ambulance to take care of smb. to gather around smth. 2. Find the abstract from Text 5 and give sentences where these expressions are used in the text. 3. Dramatize situation of car incident from Text 5. 4. Tell us about the day in your life when everything went wrong. Тема 5 English proverbs and sayings 1. Find Russian equivalents to the following English proverbs: A woman is as old as she looks Лучше поздно, чем никогда. A man is as old as he feels. Все хорошо, что хорошо кончается. Better late than never. Женщине столько лет, на сколько она выглядит. All's well that ends well. Мужчине столько лет, на сколько он себя чувствует. 2. Give situations where these proverbs may be used. LESSON 6 There Is No Need to Worry Разговорные темы урока: 1. A visit to the doctor. 2. Telephone conversation. 3. English proverbs and sayings. Тема 1 A visit to the doctor 1. Look through active vocabulary of the subject: doctor = physician=general practitioner врач surgeon хирург ambulance карета скорой помощи to be taken ill (to fall ill, to be ill, to be down) with smth. заболеть чем-либо to recover=to get well (better) выздороветь chemist's (shop)=drug store аптека remedy средство от боли, лекарство drug лекарство, наркотик ointment мазь powder порошок pills пилюли drops капли to prescribe the medicine прописать лекарство to have a prescription filled (made up) заказать лекарство по рецепту to give a painkilling injection сделать обезболивающий укол a decayed tooth разрушенный зуб it needs filling его нужно запломбировать pulling out удалить to appreciate оценивать, ценить to be in good health быть в добром здравии, иметь хорошее здоровье the only thing that really matters единственное, что имеет значение with the advance in years с течением времени ailment нездоровье treatment лечение frequent частый medical services медицинское обслуживание the network сеть a dispensary диспансер a maternity home родильный дом a nursing center детская консультация until recently до недавнего времени free of charge бесплатно a medical establishment медицинское учреждение to charge patients for treatment обеспечивать пациентов лечением cure лечить medical care медицинское обслуживание now and then время от времени toothache зубная боль a dentist зубной врач to stop a tooth запломбировать зуб to make the appointment on the phone записаться по телефону to feel pulse считать пульс to take temperature мерить температуру to sound one's heart and lungs прослушивать сердце и легкие nothing radically wrong ничего страшного to prescribe the treatment выписывать лечение a full recovery полное выздоровление to insist on настаивать на to take laboratory tests сдавать анализы at any rate любой ценой to get determined решиться it hurts here здесь больно It hurts me to walk мне больно ходить 1 have a pain in the stomach у меня болит желудок What do you take for a headache что вы принимаете от головной боли ? Look after yourself берегите себя 2. Read the text, be ready to retell it: A VISIT TO THE DOCTOR As the old saying goes, health and youth are the two things appreciated only when lost. No one in his good health can seriously believe that health is the only thing that really matters. Yet, with the advance in years one's ailments and their treatment become the most frequent topic. Medical services in our country are provided by the network of clinics, polyclinics, dispensaries, maternity homes and nursing centers. Until recently patients payed nothing for examination and cure. Today most medical centers also provide service free of charge, but the number of medical establishments charging their patients for treatment is constantly growing. No matter how healthy you are you need medical care now and then. Thus, if you have toothache you should go to your dentists. He'll examine your teeth and if the aching tooth is not too far gone, he'll stop it. If it's too bad he'll take it out. That, of course, is far from an enjoyable experience and to spare yourself this trouble you'd better visit your dentist in time. If you don't feel well, you should consult a doctor. If you feel too ill to go to the doctor's, you'll have to send for him or make the appointment on the phone. The doctor will feel your pulse, take your temperature, sound your heart and lungs, look at your tongue and throat - in short, examine you thoroughly. If there's nothing radically wrong with you, he'll prescribe the treatment and write out a prescription for some medicine - pills or a mixture. Besides, the doctor will give you certain directions as to your food and general daily routine. It'll do you good to take a long rest, have regular meals, keep to a diet of salad and fruit and little meat. It's essential to keep off alcohol and to give up smoking, at least for a time. Following the doctor's advice will surely result in your full recovery within several days. If you happen to be seriously sick, your doctor may insist on your going to hospital or consulting some other specialists and taking laboratory tests. At any rate, you should stop worrying and get determined to recover as soon as possible. I don't know who has said that illness means life limited in its freedom. So in order not to get freedom-limited a man should take care of his health. 3. Answer the following questions: 1. Why do people say that health is the only thing that matters? 2. Were you often ill as a child? 3. What is essential for a sick person to do to get well again? 4. Why do people hate going to the dentist's? 5. What does the dentists do when a bad tooth is too far gone? 6. How does the doctor examine the patient? 7. What does the doctor do on examining the patient? 8. What did your doctor advise you to do when you caught cold? 9. Are medical services free of charge in our country? 4. Listen to the dialogues and dramatize them: 1. G.: You look a bit strained and overtired and you're always complaining of headaches. I think you're thoroughly run down. You'd better be more careful or you'll have a breakdown. C.: Oh, George, don't exaggerate. There's nothing the matter with me really. It's just that I seem to catch any infection in the way of colds and sore throats. The doctor gave me a thorough check up. 2. D.: Now, what we really need is a nice long holiday - both of us. P.: Don't keep saying that you know I can't leave my job at the moment, but I don't mind letting you have a rest for a while. D.: But I should get terribly bored sitting at home all day long. I was bad enough when I was actually ill. I got thoroughly fed up with staying at home and what's more I started imagining I'd got all sorts of terrible diseases. I kept taking my temperature and feeling my pulse. P.: How ridiculous. D.: No, it wasn't, it was quite natural. Anyway I'd rather not go on holiday unless you do. I would much rather you found a way for both of us to go away somewhere for a while. P.: Well, it's no use talking to my chief about my having a holiday - he will not hear of it at the moment. 3. В.: What's wrong with Robert now? G.: He's broken his right leg this time. В.: Why should he always be so unfortunate? G.: Why, indeed, for it wasn't his fault at all. He was driving his car at a moderate speed when a cyclist suddenly appeared from nowhere and in trying to avoid him Robert ran into a lamp-post. В.: Poor chap! I'd rather he had not started driving so soon after he'd had that other bad accident. He must have been feeling jumpy at the wheel. 4. Mrs. P.: Hello, Mrs.P. speaking. Mrs. W.: Is that you, Mary? This is Helen. I've tried to ring you several times but you were always out or engaged. How are you? Mrs. P.: Oh, I'm fine, thank you. And how are you? I've been meaning to get in touch with you for ages. Mrs. W.: I've been laid up with flu for a week. Mrs. P.: I'm sorry to hear that. How are you feeling now? Mrs. W.: Fit as a fiddle. How about coming round some time next week? Could you manage Wednesday next week about 8.30 for coffee? Mrs. P.: Well, as far as I know we're free that evening, but I must check with Henry and then let you know. Thank you so much. Mrs. W.: Then it's settled. You'll ask Henry and give me a ring about Wednesday week. We'll be looking forward to seeing you. Goodbye. Mrs. P.: Goodbye, Helen, and thanks so much for ringing. 5. Т.: I hate letting people down but I won't be able to come to your place tonight. M.: Why? What's happened? Т.: I've been called away suddenly. My sister has been taken ill. M.: Oh, I'm sorry, Tess. What's the matter with her? Т.: Appendicitis. It's a bad case. The appendices has been taken out now, and they think she's out of danger. But they ought to have taken it out when she was having her first attack. She's really very ill now. M.: Then of course you must go to her. Т.: Yes, I think I'd better. I'm sure she'd like to see me. 6. Ch.: I was just thinking of taking you to our hospital as I promised you I would. I'll show you round the out-patients' department. I.: Oh, thank you, Charles. That sounds very interesting. Out-patient what are they? Ch.: They are people who are ill but who needn't stay in the hospital. Some of them come here regularly for treatment. It takes a long time to cure some illnesses. I.: Doesn't Dr. Young, the young doctor I've met in your house, work there? Ch.: That's right, he's a specialist in diseases of the ear, nose and throat. He can cure almost anything. But it's no use going to him if you have a cold! I.: Why not? Ch.: Don't you know? That's the only thing we doctors can't cure - the common cold, or the cold in the head. 7. Sh.: What's the matter. David? You look so unhappy. D.: Bad toothache. It's been hurting me all day. Sh.: You had better go and see your dentist, hadn't you? D.: I'm seeing him tomorrow, I was unable to make an appointment with him for today. Sh.: How about trying to find another dentist who can see you today? Shall I take a telephone book and do it for you? No, thank you, Shile. I'd rather you were not making such a fuss over me. I'd rather wait till tomorrow. I prefer seeing my own dentist. 5. Tell us about your last visit to the doctor. 6. Tell us about your last disease. 7. Tell about the case described in text 6. Тема 2 Telephone Conversation 1. Listen to the dialogue: - Hello - Hello. Could you tell me the code for Rome, Italy please? - Are you dialing direct? - Yes. - One moment. It's 100 232, followed by the number. - Thank you, Goodbye. What’s the Russian for: - Could you tell me the code for Rome, please? - One moment. It's... followed by the number. - Are you dialing direct? 2. Reproduce the above dialogue, change the city and the code correspondingly. 3. Listen to the dialogue: - Hello. Could I speak to Miss Appleby, please? This is John Brofeld. - One moment, please. I'm afraid she's out at the moment. She's visiting a factory. - I see. Will she be back in her office at 10.30. - Let me see. Well, she might be late because of the traffic. - All right. She's difficult person to get hold of, isn't she. What about lunch time? Is she free then? - Yes, I'm awfully sorry. Just one moment, I'll check. No, she's having lunch with a designer. - Oh dear. What time will she be back? - Erm... At two o'clock. She's seeing a customer here in the office. - Ah. So what time can I phone back? - Any time after 2.30. - Are you sure? - Definitely. She will be in her office for the rest of the afternoon. - OK. I'll phone back then. Thank you. - That's all right. Goodbye. Goodbye. What's the Russian for: - Could I speak to ... (Miss Appleby). - This is... (John). - I'm afraid she is out at the moment. - I see. - Will she be back in her office at...? - Let me see. - A difficult person to get hold of. - Is she free then, at lunch time? - Just one moment, I'll check. - Oh, dear! What time will she be back? - She is seeing a customer here in... - What time can I phone back? 4. Reproduce the dialogue as it is: 5. Change the subject of the conversation but try to make an appointment about meeting with your business partner. 6. Look through the active vocabulary of Lesson 6: to make a long distance call позвонить по междугородному телефону to put somebody through cоединить с кем-то to speak to разговаривать с кем-то urgent call срочный разговор to hold the line не класть трубку to put down the receiver класть трубку to hear smb. well слышать хорошо to recognize smb's voice узнать голос to agree upon согласовать 7. Translate from English into Russian: -I can’t hear you well -home news -foreign affairs -feature articles -fashion -business news - sport news - science news - it isn't fair - limited space - I don't understand what you mean - I insist on it - Take it easy - I'll arrange it for you - Whatever you say - the circulation of the paper - to attract more readers 8. Reproduce the dialogue from the text between Mona D. and Mr. Anderson. 9. Compose and reproduce your own telephone conversations with: - your business partner; - your colleague; - your friend. Тема 3 English proverbs and sayings 1. Find Russian equivalents to the following: 1. It is as old as the hills. 1. Откровенно говоря. 2. After rain comes fair weather. 2. Ничего подобного. 3. Take it easy. 3. Старо как мир. 4. Frankly speaking. 4. Насколько я могу судить. 5. Nothing of the kind. 5. Будет и на нашей улице праздник. 6. As far as I can judge. 6. Не беспокойтесь. 2. Use them in your situations LESSON 7 A Lot Depends on Us Разговорные темы урока: 1. Environment protection. 2. Vocation. Тема 1 Environment Protection 1. Look through active vocabulary of the lesson: environmental относящийся к борьбе с загрязнением окружающей среды nowadays в наши дни (теперь) to ignore игнорировать unrestricted неограниченный to abuse оскорблять, плохо обращаться a vital necessity жизненная необходимость conscious сознающий, понимающий a range сфера, область, диапазон a burning issue жгучий вопрос, насущная проблема destruction разрушение, уничтожение wildlife живая природа disturbance нарушение (тишины) to notice замечать an area край to heal исцелять a by-product побочный продукт dangerously опасно, рискованно foul грязный, вонючий a discharge сток, сброс, выделения matter вещество coastal waters прибрежные воды to result in приводить к grave серьезный marine морской a case случай recent недавний to prohibit запрещать on the ground of на основании an accident авария a nuclear power plant атомная электростанция to cause вызывать contamination заражение longer-term genetic effects более отдаленные генетические последствия drastic решительный (о мерах) to undertake предприниматель perilous гибельный to prove to be of little help оказаться малоэффективным to confront противостоять to be concerned быть озабоченным nature conservation сохранение природы mass media средства массовой информации to foresee предвидеть 2. Read the text and be ready to retell it: PROBLEMS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN CRIMEA Nowadays any highly industrialized state cannot ignore the problem of environmental protection. For too long a time unrestricted industrialization has been breaking the biological balance abusing nature. During the last 20 years environmental protection has become a vital necessity for people. We may say that the world has grown environment-conscious. The problems of environment include a wide range of burning issues: land, water, air pollution; destruction of wildlife; radioactivity; noise disturbance. People start noticing that things they eat, the place they live in and the air around them are made dirty and unhealthy by machines and factories. We live in one of the most beautiful areas of our country, Crimea. Washed by the warm waters of the Black Sea and protected from the continental winds by the Crimean Mountains, it enjoys the most favourable climatic conditions. Once it was believed that in Crimea the air itself healed. Nowadays there are districts in Crimea where chemical plant's by-products dangerously increase atmosphere pollution. There are great chemical enterprises in Simferopol, Saki, Krasnoperekopsk, Armyansk and an oil refinery in Kerch! Isn't it too much for a health-resort zone? Apart from producing foul air, these plants together with the towns' discharges of polluting matter into coastal waters results in grave marine pollution. Unfortunately, the cases of closing down the beaches were not rare in the recent years, and every time it was prohibited to swim in the sea on the ground of water pollution. The accident at the Chemobyl nuclear power plant in April 1986 caused radioactive contamination of a vast area. Carried with the Dnieper's water, radioactive elements contaminate the Black Sea waters. Who knows what possible effects on health or longer-term genetic effects this contamination may have. Drastic measures have to be undertaken to neutralize its perilous effect, and yet they may prove to be of little help. Nevertheless, it took years of public protests to stop the construction of the Crimean nuclear power plant. I believe that preserving the unique Crimean ecosystem is essential not only for its inhabitants. Now it's time to be not only environment-conscious but environment-educated as well. I am all for fighting pollution and against destruction of nature by man... 3. Answer the following questions: 1. What are the major environmental problems confronting Crimea? 2. What measures are taken to fight air pollution? 3. Why are many people concerned about ecology today? 4. On what basis should the "man-nature" relationship function? 5. How does the state control nature conservation in the country? 6. What role should mass media play in environmental protection? 7. Is it possible to forsee the ill-effects of industrialization? 8. What has stimulated man's interest in ecology? 9. What do national forests and grasslands mean to the country? 10. What is meant by the rational use of natural resources? 4. Reproduce the speech of the biologist. Do you agree with it? Say for or against it. Тема 2 Vocation 1. Look through active vocabulary of the lesson: a disadvantage неудобство, недостаток instead of вместо to make the most of использовать наилучшим образом a must заведенный порядок a household домашнее хозяйство to spare smb. smth. избавить кого-либо от чего-либо a late riser поздно просыпающийся человек from time to time время от времени a hike поход immensely чрезвычайно a steep path крутая тропа to whisper шептать it's a pity жаль a commuter train пригородный поезд a desolate unkempt beach безлюдный запущенный пляж unfortunately к сожалению to give up бросать, отказываться от pollution загрязнение agreeable приятный, подходящий to be worth seeing стоит посмотреть to be on идти (в кино(театр) to flash past пролететь 2. Read the text and tell us the way of spending leisure time in your family: AT THE WEEK-END It's a must in our household that housework should be done on Friday and Saturday so as to spare us washing and doing the flat on Sunday. Generally I'm a late riser but somehow I don't feel sleepy on a Sunday morning. By eight o'clock I am usually up and about already. When I'm through with my shower I help my mother in the kitchen. We like to have our Sunday breakfast all together in the living-room in front of the TV-set. But if the day's fine we hurry up to have an outing. In spring and in early autumn when it's not too hot or too cold we often enjoy cycling in the country. Thus we get plenty of exercise out of doors. We can follow narrow paths in the fields and woods, hear the birds sing, listen to the sounds of nature and enjoy the fresh air. Such cycling tours are often combined with a picnic somewhere in the country. From time to time we go on a hike in the mountains. I enjoy these occasions immensely and don't mind carrying a heavy rucksack up a steep tourist path. There's nothing like sitting round the fire in the evening or sleeping in a tent with the trees whispering above it. It's a pity we live rather far from the Crimean Mountains and have to take a commuter train before starting off. In summer we used to ride our bicycles to some desolate unkempt beach and stay there for the whole day swimming and sunbathing. Unfortunately, we had to give up that habit because of the sea pollution. When the weather is not quite agreeable we stay indoors enjoying a quiet afternoon at home. Mother cooks something special for a Sunday dinner. Father reads, watches TV or works in his study. Grammy sits with her knitting or sewing. I go to see my friends or stay at home too, reading, watching TV or listening to music. Sometimes we go out to the cinema or the theatre but such occasions became rather rare for there's seldom anything worth seeing on. Sunday flashes past and sometimes it may seem quite a long time before the next week-end. 3. Answer the following questions: 1. When do you get up on Sunday? 2. Does your family have dinner together? 3. What do you do after dinner? 4. What household work is usually done on Sunday? 5. What do you like in hiking? 6. Why are you full of satisfaction after hiking? 7. What do you do when the weather's bad? 8. How often do you go to the cinema? 9. What's your favourite TV programme? 10. Who do you usually spend your day off with? 4. Tell us where you prefer to go for your summer holiday; use the following words and expressions: to stay out of town camping hiking fishing canoeing holiday-makers to enjoy crowds - not to enjoy crowds fancy sightseeing sunbathing mountain climbing walking to travel light and in full comfort luxury facilities don't matter a lot to me 5. Do you prefer to have your holidays in summer or in winter? Give reasons for and against. LESSON 8 Moscow Wasn't Built in a Day Разговорные темы урока: 1. Sightseeings of Moscow. 2. Sightseeings of Kiev. 3. Sightseeings of Sevastopol. 4. Sightseeings of London. 5. Sightseeings of Washington. Тема 1 Sightseeings of Moscow 1. Look through the 8-th text and tell us about the history of Moscow, using active vocabulary of the Lesson: to start with начать с for centuries веками, в течении веков to symbolize smth. for smb. символизировать что-то для кого-то to remain the center of the country's life оставаться центром жизни страны it used to be a fortress, a residence of smb. он когда был крепостью, местом жизни кого-то the seat of the government место, где работает правительство to be held in проводится в the founder of основатель unique creations уникальные творения masterpieces of architecture шедевры архитектуры if stones could speak если бы камни могли говорить the melodious chimes of the clock tower мелодичный перезвон часов на башне a ceremony of changing the guards церемония смены караула a great holiday parade is held проводятся торжественные праздничные парады the victory parade парад победы years have passed прошли годы the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier могила неизвестного солдата eternal flame of the memorial вечный огонь у памятника to move smb. deeply глубоко тронуть кого-то to make smb. see a lot of things differentlу заставить кого-либо взглянуть на многое по-другому noble aims благородные цели life and death for the sake of people жизнь и смерть ради людей Тема 2 Sightseeings of Kiev 1. Look through active vocabulary of the text, try to memorize it: it's common knowledge общеизвестно attractive привлекательный fresh свежий greenery зелень, растительность a chestnut каштан in blossom в цвету to carry изображать, иметь в составе a slope склон a cascade каскад a watch-tower сторожевая башня an entry въезд a toll-gate застава, где взимается пошлина to remind напоминать Orthodox православный one should mention следует упомянуть a cave monastery пещерный монастырь fine art изобразительное искусство to be delighted быть в восторге dating from.. .up to датируемый от… до apart from кроме, помимо a mecca место поклонения heavy engineering тяжелое машиностроение chemicals химикаты textiles текстильные изделия to impress производить впечатление 2. Read the text and be ready to retell it: KIEV It's common knowledge that Kiev is the capital of Ukraine. But not everybody knows that in time immemorial Kiev had been the capital of Ancient Russia, the cradle of the Russian and Ukrainian peoples. Nowadays Kiev is one of the largest European cities with more than two million inhabitants. It is main administrative, political, industrial, scientific, cultural and transport center of the republic. Kiev is situated on both banks of the River Dnieper, one of the longest and most beautiful European rivers. Many bridges connect the right-hand and the left-hand sides of the city. The Dnieper is one of the most attractive features of the city. If you have never been to Kiev, you should come to the capital in spring. The city looks especially beautiful with its fresh abundant greenery and chestnut trees in blossom. The city's emblem carries a chestnut leaf as its symbol. The main street of Kiev is certainly Krestshatic, and you'd better start your sightseeing there. The street is only one kilometer long but very impressive. Besides government offices and administrative buildings, one can see large cinemas, restaurants, shops and cafes in this street. All the buildings are built after the same architecture design. They run down the slopes of the hills to Krestshatic. Krestshatic begins in Independence Square, which looks very picturesque with its cascades of fountains surrounded by high-rise houses. Of all the city's historical monuments the most ancient is the Golden Gate. It is the now reconstructed remnants of the ancient watch-tower that guarded the entry into the city and served as a toll-gate. Numerous churches remind the visitor that Kiev has always been the center of Slavonic culture and the Orthodox Church. Among them one should mention St. Vladimir's Cathedral, Sophia's Cathedral, St. Andrew's Church and Pechorskaya Lavra which originally was a cave monastery. If you are keen on fine art, you should visit the Museum of Western Art, the Museum of the Ukrainian Culture, the Russian Art Museum. If you are interested in architecture, you will be delighted to see Catherine's Palace and St. Andrew's Church built by the famous architect Rastrellie and fascinated by the variety of architectural styles dating from the eleventh century up to our days. Apart from being a mecca for a museum-goer, Kiev is a busy industrial city. Its numerous enterprises produce heavy engineering machines and precision instruments, TV-sets and computers, planes and railway carriages, tractors and motor cycles, chemicals and textiles, and all kinds of consumer goods. 3. Answer the following questions: 1. Has Kiev always been the capital of Ukraine? 2. Where is Kiev situated? 3. What tree is the symbol of the city? 4. What is the name of Kiev's main street? 5. What is the name of Kiev's central square? 6. What historical monuments would you advise to visit in Kiev? 7. What museums would you advise to visit in Kiev? 8. Which of Kiev's sights impressed you most? Why? 9. What do the capital's plants and factories produce? 10. How can you get about the city? 4. Have you ever been to Kiev? Tell us about Kiev in your own way, as you imagine it. Тема 3 Sightseeings of Sevastopol 1. Look through active vocabulary of the text about Sevastopol: peninsula полуостров magnificent великолепный to be replete with быть насыщенным imprint отпечаток to justify оправдывать defense оборона, защита scuttled ships затопленные корабли fortress крепость to split разделять(ся), расщеплять(ся) to perch взгромоздиться, присаживаться tip верхушка to drench пропитывать(ся) strategically placed удобно расположенный berth причал railway tracks железнодорожные пути to handle обрабатывать round the clock круглосуточно warehouse склад shed сарай storage facilities складские помещения gantry-crane эстакадный кран truck грузовик fishery рыбоводческое хозяйство 2. Translate, using the vocabulary: 1. Our city is replete with the places of interest. 2. This film has its imprint in my mind. 3. Our group is split into three for the English lesson. 4. Crimea was joined to Russia as a strategically placed seaport. 5. All the berths are used to load up cargos. 6. Railway tracks are necessary in the process of unloading. 7. The port works round the clock. 8. There is a refrigerate warehouse in the sea fishing port of Sevastopol. 9. All grain is stored in sheds. 10. These storage facilities are well equipped. 11. Fishery is a very perspective branch of industry. 3. Find the English equivalents in the text: Крымский полуостров; история Севастополя насыщена событиями; оправдать свое гордое имя; великолепный город; оставить свой отпечаток; памятник затопленным кораблям; две героические обороны; взгромоздясь на вершину; залитый солнцем Крымский полуостров; флот был разделен; современные склады; сараи и другие складские помещения; порт удобно расположен; товары обрабатываются круглосуточно; рыбоводческое хозяйство. 4. Read the text about Sevastopol and be ready to reproduce it: SEVASTOPOL The city of Sevastopol is situated on the Black sea on the territory of the Crimea peninsula. Translated from the Greek, Sevastopol means a 'magnificent city', a 'city of glory'. The history of Sevastopol is replete with many sometimes dramatic events, each of which has left its imprint. The city has justified its proud name with the two-century-long history, its two heroic defenses. This glorious land is famed in legends, ballads, songs and poems. Where am I, Sevastopol, your equal to find? Among antiquity heroes for velour renowned? Your glory in granite cannot be confined, Your peer all history cannot be found! Sevastopol is famous for its historical places, museums and monuments. The most popular "Panorama of the Defense of Sevastopol in 1984-1855" was created by Franz Rubout in 1905. One must also name the Diorama on Sapun Mountain, the Black Sea Navy Museum, the Khersones Museum. The remarkable monuments are: to Lenin, Nakhimov, Totleben, Kozarsky (the first one), to sailor Koshka. The monuments to the Scuttled Ships has become a symbol of Sevastopol. Founded in 1783 by Suvorov as a fortes Sevastopol still presents the main base of Black Sea Fleet, though it was split into Russian and Ukrainian parts. Perched on the tip of the sun drenched Crimean peninsula and overlooking the Black Sea, Sevastopol is not only a military key port. The sea fishing port of Sevastopol is strategically placed in Kamishovaya bay. The port has more than 10 berths equipped with cranes, provided with railway tracks. General cargo, iron, timber, equipment, containers and other goods are handled round the clock every day. The cargo is stored in the up-to-date warehouses, sheds, refrigerators and other storage facilities. There are also different cargo handling facilities in the port, such as gantry and floating cranes, trucks and others. There is a ship repair yard in the harbour with some dry and floating docks where major repairs are possible. The process of loading and unloading is controlled by the port computer center. Vessels may enter the port day and night. The modem city of Sevastopol with its population of about 400000 people has great potential in agriculture and food processing port services, tourism and fisheries. 5. Answer the questions to the text: 1. Where is the city of Sevastopol situated? 2. What does the name of Sevastopol mean? 3. What historical events took place in Sevastopol? 4. When was the "Panorama of the Defense of Sevastopol in 1984-1855" created? Who painted it? 5. What monuments and museums of Sevastopol do you know? 6. When was Sevastopol founded? 7. Where is the sea fishing port placed? 8. What kind of cargo is handled in the port? 9. What is the port equipped with? 10. What branches of industry can be developed in Sevastopol? 11. What poems, songs, stories or novels about Sevastopol can you remember? 12. How many people live in Sevastopol? 6. Tell us about your favourite historical places of Sevastopol. Тема 4 Sightseeings of London 1. Look through active vocabulary of the text about London: a landmark бросающийся в глаза объект местности the great Fire of 1666 Великий лондонский пожар to be lined with smth. быть застроенным чем-либо the Stock Exchange фондовая биржа Julius Caesar Юлий Цезарь William the Conqueror Вильгельм Завоеватель a royal residence королевская резиденция armour оружие, доспехи the Crown Jewels драгоценности короны invariably неизменно, обязательно an abbey аббатство, монастырь a statesman государственный деятель to bury хоронить to strike бить (о часах) to stretch тянуться простираться a shopping promenade торговый район last but not the least последний, но не худший soot сажа, копоть printing книгопечатание an aircraft самолет 2. Read the text about London and retell it: LONDON London is one of the largest and most interesting cities in the world. Greater London covers an area of about 600 square miles and has the population of nearly 9 million people. In London today, there still stand numerous landmarks reminding us of the town as it was five or six centuries ago. The old town that stood until the Great Fire of 1666 was surrounded by a wall. Inside the wall there were streets lined with wooden one-storey houses. Almost the whole of the town was contained in what is still known as the City. Nowadays the City is London's commercial and business center. The City is only one square mile in area and only a few thousand people live there. During the day it's full of energy and life, but towards the end of the day it grows almost desolate. It contains the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange and the head offices of numerous companies and corporations. Thanks to them, the City is often referred to as "the money" of London. But the City is also a mecca for a museum-goer. Here is situated the Tower of London that comes first among the historic buildings of the British capital. Founded by Julius Caesar and rebuilt by William the Conqueror, it was used as a fortress, a royal residence and a prison. Now it is a museum of armour and the place where the Crown Jewels are kept. A twenty minutes walk from the Tower will take you to St. Paul's Cathedral, the greatest of English churches. In one of its towers hangs one of the largest bells of the world, Great Paul. Another important part of London, where most of the Government buildings are located, is Westminster. Tourists are invariably taken to see Westminster Abbey, where many English sovereigns, outstanding statesmen, poets and artists are buried; Westminster Palace, the seat of the British Parliament, with its famous Big Ben that strikes every quarter of an hour. Visitors with plenty of money to spend come chiefly to the West End of London, its shopping and entertainment center. The theatreland is stretched around Piccadilly Circus. Not far from it one can see the British Museum and the Covent Garden Opera House. Expensive shopping promenades - Regent Street, Oxford Street and Bond Street - would lead you to Regent Park and Hyde Park. The last - but not the least - of London's functional zones is the East End. It is the district inhabited by workers and the poor. Industry is chiefly found in that part of the capital, grey with soot and smoke. London is the main center of Britain's printing and the manufacture of clothing, food and drink, precision instruments and aircrafts, cars and ships. London's port is the third biggest port in the world. 3. Answer questions to the text: 1. Why is London considered a city of great contrasts? 2. What do the words Greater London mean? 3. How many people live in Great London? 4. What are London's main functional zones? 5. Who was the Tower of London founded by? 6. What is the City? 7. What do we call the building which houses the British Parliament? 8. What is Big Ben? 9. What can a visitor see in the West End? 10. What do London's enterprises produce? 4. What places of interest in London are known all over the world? Тема 5 Sightseeings of Washington 1. Look through active vocabulary of the text: outside the jurisdiction вне юрисдикции subject to the control of контролироваться sprang out of возникший marshy wilderness дикая болотистая местность rates as "dangerous" считаться опасным scale масштаб air pollution загрязнение воздуха toxic токсичный exhaust fumes выхлопные газы traffic jams дорожные пробки rush hours часы пик crime and unemployment rates размеры преступности и безработицы nickname прозвище impressive впечатляющий major attractions зд.основные достопримечательности, влекущие туристов canvas полотно unique уникальный rival конкурент, соперник manuscript рукопись print печатное издание poise равновесие, устойчивость, уравновешенность 2. Read the text about Washington, the capital of the USA: WASHINGTON Washington is the seat of the Federal Government of the United States. It has been the capital of the USA since 1800. Washington is situated on the Potomak River in the District of Columbia. The District of Columbia is outside the jurisdiction of any state and subject only to the control of the Federal Congress. The city, now considered the most beautiful one in the country, sprang out of a marshy wilderness. It's named after General George Washington, the first president of the United States. Washington is one of the least industrialized metropolices in the world. It has about one million inhabitants. Yet, in many ways it is a typical American city. Washington often rates as "dangerous" on the scale of air pollution. The water in the Potomak is polluted. The air is periodically toxic from exhaust fumes. There are traffic jams in rush hours in its streets. The city's crime and unemployment rates are pretty high. Washington is often called the city of the underprivileged and poor blacks. In spite of all its problems, Washington has another nickname - the American Paris. There's hardly a park, a square or an open area in the capital without a monument or a memorial. The most impressive and best-known of them are the Lincoln memorial and the Washington Monument. The Washington Monument is the highest structure of the city. It rises for more than 80 meters. A little lower is the Capitol that houses the Congress. And the oldest building in Washington is the White House, the official residence of the President. The major attractions for tourists are in the heart of Washington. Among them is the unique Smithsonian Institution that includes the Nation Museum of History and Technology, the National Museum of Natural History, the National Collection of Fine Arts, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture that house rich collections the 19th and 20th century paintings and sculpture. The National Gallery of Art exhibits thousands of the world's finest canvases. The Library of Congress is the younger rival of the London Library of the British Museum. It contains millions of books, manuscripts, prints and photos, many of which are unique. Washington's broad and long streets add to the noise of the city: most of them are called after states - Pennsylvanian Avenue, Connecticut Avenue, Massachusetts Avenue. The capital is also proud of its two Universities - Georgetown University and George Washington University. 3. Answer questions to the text: 1. Where is Washington situated? 2. How long has Washington been the capital of the USA? 3. What does the District of Columbia mean? 4. Who is the capital named after? 5. What is the highest structure in Washington? 6. Why is Washington called the American Paris? 7. What would you advise a visitor to see in Washington? 8. What is the Library of Congress famous for? 9. What are most of the capital's streets named after? 10. What universities are there in Washington? 4. Would you like to visit Washington? Explain why? LESSON 9 Fancy Speaking to a Computer Разговорные темы урока: 1. Computers in our life. 2. English proverbs and sayings. Тема 1 Computers in Our Life 1. Look through active vocabulary of the text: an artificial intelligence искусcтвенный интеллект an electronic brain электронный мозг a datа storage system система хранения данных there's no magic involved никакого волшебства to process data fast and accurately обрабатывать данные быстро и точно to do a lot of useful operations выполнять массу полезных операций to do calculations делать вычисления to keep records of financial affairs хранить копии финансовых документов to create diagrams and drawings делать диаграммы и рисунки to process the results of experiments обрабатывать результаты экспериментов to save energy and time экономить силы и время to advertise one's product рекламировать продукцию to set imagination free освобождать воображение it's beyond me это выше меня nothing surprising ничего удивительного most astonishing самое замечательное 2. Reаd the text, tell us about possibilities of a computer nowаdays and in future. 3. Read additional text about computers and retell it: HOW THE FIRST COMPUTER WAS DEVELOPED The first suggestion that a machine for mathematical computation could be built was made more than a hundred years ago by mathematician Charles Babbage. We now realize that he understood clearly all the fundamental principles of modem digital computers. Babbage was born in Devonshire, England, in 1792. He did not receive a good education, but he taught himself mathematics so well that when he went to Cambridge he found that he knew more algebra than his tutor. Babbage was outstanding among his contemporaries because he insisted on the application of science and mathematics. His idea was to compute all tabular functions by machinery. Babbage constructed a small working model which he demonstrated in 1822. The royal Society supported the project and Babbage was promised a subsidy. In 1883 he began to think of building a machine which was in fact the first universal digital computer, as the expression is understood today. Babbage devote the rest of his life to an attempt to develop it. He had to finance the whole of the work himself, and he was only able to finish part of machine though he prepared thousands of detailed drawings from which it could be made. Babbage wrote more than eighty books and papers, but he was misunderstood by his contemporaries and died a disappointed man in 1871. After his death his son continued his work and built part of an arithmetic knit. 4. What's your attitude towards technical progress in general and computers and robots in particular. Тема 2 English proverbs and sayings 1. Find Russian equivalents to the following: 1. Where there is a will there is a way В тихом омуте черти водятся 2. As a matter of fact Где хотенье, там и уменье 3. Still waters run deep Фактически 2. Use these word-combinations in situations of your own. LESSON 10 We are Parting the Best of Friends Разговорные темы урока: 1. Organization of a conference. 2. At the farewell party. 3. English proverbs and sayings. Тема 1 Organization of a Conference 1. Look through active vocabulary and memorize it: to take part in a conference принять участие в конференции to be ready for an interview быть готовым к интервью to be pleased to meet invitation получить приглашение on behalf of от имени... it is my honor and duty to declare имею честь объявить to declare the conference open объявить конференцию открытой to create a friendly atmosphere создать дружественную атмосферу to improve understanding between people способствовать улучшению взаимопонимания между народами to help exchange knowledge помогать обмениваться знаниями to serve the cause of peace служить делу мира to give the floor to our guests дать слово гостям to be the first to give a talk быть первым, кто начнет разговор to find contacts useful and pleasant считать контакты полезными и приятными to do a lot of business with вести дело с ... to find cooperation useful and promising считать сотрудничество полезным и перспективным to impress smb. произвести впечатление на кого-либо to be beyond compare не идти ни в какое сравнение to regret smth. сожалеть о чем-либо to come to an end подходить к концу to leave and to part уезжать и расставаться 2. Ask your guests questions about their visit to your Institute, conference. 3. Write the invitation to а Conference. 4. Imagine you are a chairman, open the conference. (close the conference) 5. Find the part of Lesson 1, where the schedule of the Conference is described. 6. Using words and expressions from the text 1 tell us about the conference you took part in. Тема 2 At the Farewell Party 1. Translate and memorize the following expressions: make yourself comfortable help yourselves, please how time flies to book the tickets to reserve seats on the plane leaving for... at.. .Flight... to have an appointment at... to have a return ticket to part the best of friends to appreciate something to admire everything to deserve one's thanks to envy smb. to get opportunities to entertain to develop one's abilities to propose a toast to friendship to get in touch with smb. to be through with 2. Find sentences where these expressions were used in the text, reproduce them. 3. Compose dialogues at the farewell party. 4. Find the letter from Sherlay, reproduce it. 5. Write a farewell letter to your colleagues using Sherlay's letter as an example. ТемаЗ English proverbs and sayings 1. Find Russian equivalents to the following English: 1. just in case не печальтесь, голову выше 2. they say с глаз долой - из сердца вон 3. out of sight, out of mind на всякий случай 4. cheer up говорят 2. Use above mentioned proverbs in situations of your own. PAGE 1 PAGE 73