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Collins Welsh Dictionary Gem Edition: trusted support for learning

Collins Welsh Dictionary Gem Edition: trusted support for learning
Collins Welsh Dictionary Gem Edition: trusted support for learning Collins Dictionaries A handy and affordable Welsh dictionary ebook. Its clear layout and navigation allows for fast and easy access when you most need it. Ideal for use on the go, at home, in the office, classroom or on holiday.Suitable for use in schools.Designed for all those studying Welsh who need maximum information in an accessible format.• Over 28,000 headwords and 44,000 translations• Offers up-to-date coverage.• Delivers the accuracy and reliability you expect from the Collins name. With natural, idiomatic example phrases, treatment of the most important core vocabulary and help to find the exact translation you want. COPYRIGHT (#) Published by Collins An imprint of HarperCollins Publishers Westerhill Road Bishopbriggs Glasgow G64 2QT Fourth Edition 2017 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2006, 2009, 2017 Collins® is a registered trademark of HarperCollins Publishers Limited www.collinsdictionary.com (http://www.collinsdictionary.com) Typeset by Sharon McTeir All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. By payment of the required fees, you have been granted the non-exclusive, non-transferable right to access and read the text of this e-book on screen. No part of this text may be reproduced, transmitted, downloaded, decompiled, reverse engineered, or stored in or introduced into any information storage and retrieval system, in any form or by any means, whether electronic or mechanical, now known or hereinafter invented, without the express written permission of HarperCollins. Entered words that we have reason to believe constitute trademarks have been designated as such. However, neither the presence nor absence of such designation should be regarded as affecting the legal status of any trademark. The contents of this publication are believed correct at the time of creation. Nevertheless, the Publisher can accept no responsibility for errors or omissions, changes in the detail given or for any expense or loss thereby caused. HarperCollins does not warrant that any website mentioned in this title will be provided uninterrupted, that any website will be error-free, that defects will be corrected, or that the website or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or bugs. For full terms and conditions please refer to the site terms provided on the website. If you would like to comment on any aspect of this book, please contact us at the given address or online. E-mail: dictionaries@harpercollins.co.uk (mailto:dictionaries@harpercollins.co.uk) facebook.com/collinsdictionary (http://www.facebook.com/collinsdictionary) @collinsdict (http://twitter.com/collinsdict) Acknowledgements We would like to thank those authors and publishers who kindly gave permission for copyright material to be used in the Collins Corpus. We would also like to thank Times Newspapers Ltd for providing valuable data. E-book Edition © July 2017 ISBN 9780008204327 Version: 2017-06-22 CONTENTS Cover (#ue9b69203-1FFF-11e9-9e03-0cc47a520474) Title Page (#ue9b69203-2FFF-11e9-9e03-0cc47a520474) Copyright (#) Introduction (#) Notes on the pronunciation of Welsh (#) Mutations (#) Abbreviations (#) WELSH-ENGLISH (#) Communicating in Welsh (#) ENGLISH-WELSH (#) About the Publisher (#) INTRODUCTION (#) The first Spurrell Welsh-English dictionary appeared in 1848 published by William Spurrell (1813–89) the Carmarthen printer and publisher. One of his sons, Walter Spurrell (1858–1934), joined his father in the business and the family firm published a series of distinguished Welsh-English, English-Welsh dictionaries and influential Welsh grammars during the latter part of the nineteenth century and the first half of the last century. William Spurrell was advised by and well-acquainted with Daniel Silvan Evans (1818–1903), one of the father figures of Welsh lexicography, sometime lecturer in Welsh at St David’s University College, Lampeter and the first professor of Welsh to be appointed by the University of Wales. The Collins-Spurrell Welsh Dictionary was first published in 1960 and quickly became an essential tool of general reference for Welsh learners as well as those anxious to interpret literature. It was edited by Henry Lewis, Professor of Welsh Language and Literature at University College, Swansea, with valuable contributions from the staff of the Department of Welsh Language and Literature at St David’s University College, Lampeter. D A THORNE NOTES ON THE PRONUNCIATION OF WELSH (#) VOWELS They are sounded, long or short, as the vowels in the English words given below. DIPHTHONGS CONSONANTS Only those which differ from English need to be noted. ACCENT Welsh words are generally accented on the last syllable but one. There are certain exceptions: MUTATIONS (#) Mutations, or letter changes, can occur at the beginning of Welsh words. Mutations are caused by the preceding word. There are three different mutations: COMMON WORDS CAUSING SOFT MUTATION – TREIGLAD MEDDAL COMMON WORDS CAUSING NASAL MUTATION – TREIGLAD TRWYNOL COMMON WORDS CAUSING ASPIRATE MUTATION – TREIGLAD LLAES WELSH–ENGLISH (#) A (#) B (#) C (#) CH (#) D (#) E (#) F (#) FF (#) G (#) H (#) I (#) J (#) L (#) LL (#) M (#) N (#) O (#) P (#) R (#) RH (#) S (#) T (#) TH (#) U (#) W (#) Y (#) a (#) a1interrogative particle, preverbal particle, rel pron who, that, which a2, acconj and a3excl ah, oh â1, agconj as â2, agprep with ab, apnm son (before name, in place of surname, like ‘Mac’) abad (-au) nm abbot abadaeth (-au) nf abbacy, abbotship abades (-au) nf abbess abatir (-oedd) nm abbey-land abaty (abatai) nm abbey aber (-oedd, ebyr) nm confluence; mouth of river, estuary; brook, stream aberfa (-oedd) nf mouth of river, estuary abergofiantnm forgetfulness, oblivion aberth (-au, ebyrth) nm sacrifice aberthgednf oblation; offering of fruits abertholadj sacrificial aberthuvb to sacrifice aberthwr (-wyr) nm sacrificer aberuvb to flow into abidnmf apparel; dress of religious order abiécnmf alphabet abladj able; well-off abladoladj ablative ableddnm ability; plenty abrwysgadj clumsy, drunken absennm absence; slander absennoladj absent absennuvb to backbite, to slander absennwr (absenwyr) nm backbiter absenoldebnm absence absenolivb to absent absenoliaeth (-au) nf absenteeism abwyd, abwydyn (abwydod) nm worm; fishing-bait ac, aconj and academaiddadj academic academi (-ïau) nm academy acen (-ion) nf accent aceniadnm accentuation acennodnm accent mark acennuvb to accent, to stress acenyddiaethnf accentuation acer (-i) nf acre aciwbigiad (-au) nm acupuncture acnenm acne acriligadj acrylic act (-au) nf act actiovb to act actor (-ion) nm actor actores (-au) nf actress acwadv there, yonder ach1excl ugh ach2 (-au, -oedd) nf degree of kinship; (pl) pedigree, ancestry achesnm tide, flood; eloquence achfrenmf seeachwre achlânadv wholly, entirely achles (-oedd) nf succour, protection; manure achlesoladj succouring achlesuvb to succour, to cherish achlodnm shame, disgrace achlustnm rumour achlysur (-on) nm occasion achlysuroladj occasional achos1 (-ion) nm cause, case achos2conj because, for achosivb to cause achres (-i, -au) nf genealogical table achubvb to seize, to snatch; to save, to rescue; achub y blaen to forestall; achub y cyfle to seize the opportunity achubiaethnf salvation achuboladj saving achubwr (-wyr), achubydd (-ion) nm saviour, rescuer achuladj thin, emaciated achwre, achfrenmf under-thatch, protection; covering, garment achwynvb to complain ▶ nm (-ion) complaint, plaint achwyniad (-au) nm complaint, accusation achwynwr (-wyr) nm complainer; complainant, plaintiff achwynyddes (-au) nf complainant achydd (-ion) nm genealogist achyddiaethnf genealogy achyddoladj genealogical achwyngaradj querulous ad-prefix very; second; bad, re- adailnf building, edifice, structure adain, aden (adenydd) nf wing; fin; spoke adamantnm adamant, diamond adamantaiddadj adamantine adarnpl (nmaderyn) birds, fowls; adar drudwy, adar yr eira starlings; adar y to sparrows adaravb to catch birds, to fowl adardy (-dai) nm aviary adaregnf ornithology adargi (-gwn) nm retriever, setter, spaniel adargraffiad (-au) nm reprint adarwr (-wyr) nm fowler adarwriaethnf fowling adarydd (-ion) nm ornithologist adaryddan birdwatching ▶ vb to go birdwatching adaryddiaethnf ornithology ad-daluvb to repay, to requite ad-drefnuvb to rearrange adeg (-au) nf time, occasion, opportunity adeilad (-au) nmf building, edifice adeiladaethnf building; edification, construction adeiladoladj edifying, constructive adeiladuvb to build, to edify adeiladwaithnm construction adeiladwr (-wyr), adeiladydd (-ion) nm builder adeileddnm structure adeiniogadj winged aden (-ydd, edyn) nf wing; see alsoadain adenedigaethnf regeneration adenivb to regenerate adennillvb to regain, to recover aderyn (adar) nm bird adfach (-au) nm barb; liver-fluke adfail (-feilion) nm ruin adfeddiannuvb to repossess adfeiliadnm decay, ruin adfeiliedigadj decayed, in ruins adfeiliovb to decay, to moulder Adfentnm Advent adfer, adferu, adferydvb to restore adferf (-au) nf adverb adferfoladj adverbial adferiadnm restoration adferoladj restorative; remedial adferwr (-wyr) nm restorer adflasnm after-taste, bad taste adfydnm adversity adfydusadj adverse, miserable adfynachnm renegade monk adfywadj half alive, half dead adfywhauvb to revive, to reanimate adfywiad (-au) nm revival adfywiovb to revive, to resuscitate adfywioladj refreshing adiadnm drake adionm addition ▶ vb to add adiolyn (adiolion) nm additive adladd, adloddnm aftermath adlais (-leisiau) nm echo adlam (-au) nm home; rebound; cic adlam drop-kick adlamuvb to rebound adleisiovb to resound adlewyrch, adlewyrchiad (adlewyrchiadau) nm reflection adlewyrchuvb to reflect adlewyrchydd (-ion) nm reflector adlog (-au) nm compound interest adloniadoladj of or for entertainment adloniantnm recreation, entertainment adlonnivb to entertain, to refresh adluniovb to remodel, to reconstruct adnabodvb to know, to recognize adnabyddiaethnf knowledge, acquaintance adnabyddusadj known, familiar; well-known adnabyddwrnm knower adnau (adneuon) nm deposit, pledge; ar adnau on deposit adneuovb to deposit adneuoladj depositing adneuwr (-wyr) nm depositor adnewyddadwyadj renewable adnewyddiad (-au) nm renewal, renovation adnewydduvb to renew, to renovate adnewyddwr (-wyr) nm renewer, renovator adnod (-au) nf verse adnoddaunpl resources adolygiad (-au) nm review adolyguvb to review adolygydd (-ion) nm reviewer adran (-nau) nf division, section, department adrefadv homewards, home Adriatignm:yr Adriatig the Adriatic (Sea) adroddvb to relate, to recite adroddgan (-au) nf recitative adroddiad (-au) nm report; recitation adroddwr (-wyr) nm narrator, reciter aduniadnm reunion adunovb to reunite adwaith (-weithiau) nm reaction adweithiovb to react adweithioladj reactionary adweithydd (-ion) nm reactor adwerthuvb to retail adwrnm coward, churl adwy (-au, -on) nf gap, breach; pass adwyth (-au) nm evil, misfortune, illness adwythigadj cruel; evil, baneful; sore, sick; harmful adyn (-od) nm wretch adysgrif (-au) nf copy, transcript adysgrifiovb to copy, to transcribe addasadj suitable, proper addasiad (-au) nm adjustment, adaptation addasrwyddnm suitableness, fitness addasuvb to suit, to adapt, to fit addawoladj promising addefvb to acknowledge, to own, to admit addefiadnm admission, confession addewid (-ion) nf promise addfainadj slender, shapely addfedadj seeaeddfed addfwynadj gentle, meek, mild addfwyndernm gentleness, meekness addienadj fair, beautiful addovb to promise addodnm:wy addod nest-egg addoednm death, hurt addoedivb to delay, to postpone addoediadnm prorogation addoeradj sad, cruel; chilling addoldy (-dai) nm place of worship addolgaradj devout, reverent addolgarwchnm devoutness, reverence addolivb to worship, to adore addoliadnm worship addolwr (-wyr) nm worshipper adduned (-au) nf vow adduneduvb to vow addurn (-au, -iadau) nm ornament, adornment addurnedigadj decorated addurniadnm ornamentation addurnovb to decorate, to adorn, to ornament addurnoladj ornamental, decorative addurnwr (-wyr) nm decorator addysgnf education, instruction; addysg gorfforol PE; addysg uwch higher education addysgiadoladj instructive, educational addysgiaethnf instruction, training addysgoladj educational addysguvb to educate, to instruct addysgwr (-wyr), addysgydd (-ion) nm educator, instructor, tutor aeddfedadj ripe, mature aeddfedrwyddnm ripeness, maturity aeddfeduvb to ripen; to mature ael (-iau) nf brow aeleadj sad, wretched aelod (-au) nm member, limb; Aelod Seneddol Member of Parliament aelodaethnf membership aelodivb to become a member; to enrol aelwyd (-ydd) nf hearth, fireside aer1 (-ion) nm heir aer2nm air aerdymherunm air conditioning aeres (-au) nf heiress aerfanf slaughter, battle aerglonm air-lock aerobegnm aerobics aeronnpl fruit, fruits, berries aerwy (-au, -on) nm collar, torque; neck-chain aesnf shield aesthetegnf aesthetics aesthetigadj aesthetic aethnm pain, grief, fear, shock aethnennf aspen, poplar aethusadj poignant, grievous, severe afal (-au) nm apple afallen (-nau) nf apple-tree afannpl (nf-en) raspberries afanc (-od) nm beaver afiachadj unwell, unhealthy, morbid afiachusadj sickly; unwholesome afiaithnm zest, mirth, glee afiechyd (-on) nm disease, malady afieithusadj mirthful, gleeful aflafaradj harsh, unmelodious aflanadj unclean, polluted, foul aflawenadj fierce; sad, cheerless, dismal; awful aflednaisadj immodest, indelicate afledneisrwyddnm immodesty, indelicacy aflemadj obtuse aflendidnm uncleanness; pollution aflêradj untidy, slovenly aflerwchnm untidiness, slovenliness aflesnm disadvantage, hurt aflesoladj disadvantageous, unprofitable afliwiogadj pale, colourless aflonyddadj unquiet, restless aflonydduvb to disturb, to molest aflonyddwchnm disturbance, unrest aflonyddwr (-wyr) nm disturber afloywadj turbid; opaque afluniaiddadj mis-shapen, deformed afluniovb to disfigure, to deform aflwyddnm misfortune, calamity aflwyddiannusadj unsuccessful aflwyddiantnm failure aflwyddovb to fail aflywodraethnf misrule, anarchy aflywodraethusadj ungovernable, uncontrollable afocado (-s) nm avocado afon (-ydd) nf river afonignf rivulet, streamlet, brook afradlonadj wasteful, prodigal afradloneddnm prodigality afradloni, afraduvb to waste, to lavish, to squander afraidadj unnecessary, needless ▶ nm superfluity afrasoladj graceless, impious afrealaidd, afrealistigadj unrealistic afreidioladj needless, superfluous afreolnf misrule, disorder afreolaiddadj irregular; disorderly afreoleidd-dranm irregularity afreolusadj unruly, disorderly afreswmnm absurdity afresymegoladj illogical afresymoladj unreasonable afresymoldebnm unreasonableness afrifedadj innumerable afrllad (-au), afrlladen (-nau) nf wafer afrosgoadj clumsy, unwieldy afrwyddadj difficult, stiff, awkward afrwyddinebnm difficulty afrwyddovb to obstruct, to hinder afrywiogadj perverse, cross-grained, improper afrywiogrwyddnm churlishness, roughness afunmf liver; afu (g)las gizzard afwyn (-au) nf rein affeithiadnm affection (in grammar) Affganistannf Afghanistan afflaunm grip, hug, embrace affliwnm shred, particle Affricanf Africa Affricanaiddadj African Affricanwr (-wyr) nm African affwysolnm abysmal ag, âconj as ▶ prep with agen (-nau) nf cleft, chink, fissure agendornmf gulf, abyss agennuvb to split, to crack ager, agerddnm steam, vapour agerfad (-au) nm steamboat agerlong (-au) nf steamship, steamer ageruvb to steam, to evaporate agerwadj bitter, fierce agor, agorydvb to open, to expand agorawd (-au) nf overture agoredadj open; liable agorfa (-oedd) nf opening, orifice agoriad (-au) nm opening; key agoriadoladj opening, inaugural agorwr (-wyr), agorydd (-ion) nm opener; agorwr tuniau can-opener agosadj near, nigh agosaoladj approaching agosatrwyddnm intimacy agosáuvb to draw near, to approach agosrwyddnm nearness, proximity agwedd (-au) nf form; aspect; attitude agweddinm dowry, marriage gift agwrddadj strong, mighty angalladj unwise, foolish angaunmf death angel (angylion, engyl) nm angel angen (anghenion) nm need, want; anghenion arbennig special needs angenrheidioladj necessary, needful angenrheidrwyddnm necessity angerddnm heat; passion; force angerddoladj ardent, intense, passionate angerddoldebnm vehemence, intensity anghaffaelnm mishap; defect, flaw anghallinebnm unwisdom, imprudence angharedigadj unkind angharedigrwyddnm unkindness anghelfyddadj unskilful, clumsy anghenfil (angenfilod) nm monster anghenraid (angenrheidiau) nm necessity anghenusadj needy, necessitous, indigent angheuoladj deadly, mortal, fatal anghlodnm dispraise, dishonour anghoeliovb to disbelieve anghofiedigadj forgotten anghofiovb to forget anghofrwyddnm forgetfulness anghofusadj forgetful, oblivious anghrednf unbelief, infidelity anghredadun (anghredinwyr) nm unbeliever anghrediniaethnf unbelief, infidelity anghredinioladj unbelieving anghreduvb to disbelieve anghrefyddoladj irreligious anghrynoadj incompact, prolix anghwrtaisadj discourteous anghwrteisinm discourtesy anghydbwyseddnm imbalance anghydfodnm disagreement, discord Anghydffurfiaethnf Nonconformity Anghydffurfiwr (-wyr) nm Nonconformist anghydnawsadj uncongenial anghydsyniovb to dissent, to disagree anghydweddoladj incompatible anghyfaddasadj unsuitable, unfit anghyfaddasuvb to disqualify anghyfamodoladj uncovenanted anghyfanhedd-dranm desolation anghyfanheddle (-aneddleoedd) nm desolate place anghyfanheddoladj desolating; desert anghyfanneddadj uninhabited, desert anghyfansoddiadoladj unconstitutional anghyfartaladj unequal, uneven anghyfartaleddnm disparity anghyfarwyddadj unfamiliar, unskilled anghyfeillgaradj unfriendly anghyfiaithadj foreign, alien anghyfiawnadj unjust, unrighteous anghyfiawndernm injustice anghyflawnadj incomplete anghyfleusadj inconvenient anghyfleustra (-terau) nm inconvenience anghyflogaethnm unemployment anghyfnewidioladj immutable anghyfraithnf transgression, crime anghyfranogoladj incommunicable anghyfreithlonadj unlawful, illegal, illegitimate anghyfrifoladj irresponsible anghyffredinadj uncommon, rare anghyffwrddadj intangible anghyffyrddusadj uncomfortable anghymedroladj immoderate anghymenadj rash, coarse, untidy anghymeradwyadj unacceptable anghymeradwyovb to disapprove anghymesuradj inordinate anghymharoladj incomparable anghymharusadj ill-matched anghymhendodnm foolishness, indelicacy, untidiness anghymhwysovb to unfit, to disqualify anghymhwysternm incapacity, disqualification anghymodlonadj implacable anghymwysadj unfit, unsuitable anghynefinadj unfamiliar anghynefindranm unfamiliarity anghynhyrchioladj unproductive anghynnesadj odious, loathsome anghysbelladj out-of-the-way; remote anghysonadj inconsistent anghysondeb (-au), anghysonder (-au) nm inconsistency anghysur (-on) nm discomfort anghysurovb to discomfort anghysurusadj uncomfortable anghytbwysadj unbalanced, lopsided anghytgord (-iau) nm discord, dissension anghytûnadj not agreeing, discordant anghytundebnm disagreement anghytunovb to disagree anghywairadj ill-equipped; discordant ▶ nm disrepair anghyweithasadj uncivil anghywiradj incorrect, inaccurate, false anghywirdeb (-au) nm inaccuracy, falseness anghywrainadj unskilful; slovenly angladd (-au) nmf burial, funeral angladdoladj funereal angofnm forgetfulness, oblivion angor (-au, -ion) nm anchor angorfa (-oedd, -feydd) nf anchorage angorivb to anchor angylaiddadj angelic angyles (-au) nf female angel ai1adv is it? what?; ai e? is it so? ai2conj or; either; if AIDnm AIDS aiddnm zeal, ardour, zest Aifftnf:yr Aifft Egypt aig1, eigiaunf host, shoal aig2nf sea, ocean ailadj second ▶ adv a second time, again ailadroddvb to repeat ailadroddiad (-au) nm repetition ailarholiad (-au) nm resit ailbriodivb to remarry aildrydanuvb to recharge ailenedigaethnf rebirth ailenivb to regenerate Ailfedyddiwr (-wyr) nm Anabaptist ailgylchuvb to recycle ▶ n recycling ailgynnig (ailgynigion) nm resit ail-lawadj second-hand ail-lenwivb to top up, to refill ailsefyllvb to resit ailltnm vassal, villain, slave aisnpl (nfeisen) laths; ribs alaethnm wailing, lamentation, grief alaethuvb to lament alaethusadj mournful, lamentable alarch (-od, elyrch) nm swan alaruvb to surfeit; to loathe alaw (-on) nf lily; air, melody, tune Albannf:yr Alban Scotland Albanwr (-wyr) nm Scot alcali (-ïau) nm alkali alcamnm tin alcoholnm alcohol alch (-au, eilch) nf grate, grill ale (-au, -on) nf aisle; gangway; alley algebranm algebra Algeraiddadj Algerian Algerianf Algeria Algeriad (-iaid) nm Algerian Almaennf:yr Almaen Germany Almaenegnf German Almaenwr (-wyr) nm German almonnm almond aloi (aloeon) nm alloy Alpaunpl:yr Alpau the Alps Alzheimernm:clefyd Alzheimer Alzheimer’s (disease) allanadv out allanfanf exit allanoladj outward, external allblygadj extrovert allbrint (-iau) nm printout allforiovb to export allfronf foreigner; foreign land allfudwr (-wyr) nm emigrant allgarwchnm altruism allgofnodivb to log off, to log out allor (-au) nf altar allt (elltydd) nf hill; cliff; wood alltud (-ion) nm alien; exile alltudiaethnf banishment, exile alltudiovb to banish, to exile allwedd (-au, -i) nf key, clef (in music) allweddellnf keyboard am1prep round, about; for; at; on ▶ conj for, because; so long as am2seeym amaethnm husbandman; agriculture amaethdy (-dai) nm farm-house amaethuvb to farm, to till amaethwr (-wyr) nm farmer amaethwraignf farm-wife amaethyddiaethnf agriculture amaethyddoladj agricultural amarchnm disrespect, dishonour amauvb to doubt, to suspect ▶ nm (-heuon) doubt ambelladj occasional; ambell waith sometimes amcan (-ion) nm purpose, aim; guess; ar amcan at random, approximately, at a guess amcangyfrifvb to estimate ▶ nm (-on) estimate amcanuvb to purpose; to aim; to guess amdo (-oeau) nm shroud, winding-sheet amdoivb to shroud, to enshroud amdorch (-dyrch) nf chaplet, wreath amddifadadj destitute, orphan amddifadrwyddnm destitution, privation amddifaduvb to bereave, to deprive amddifaty (-tai) nm orphanage amddifedinm destitution, privation amddiffynvb to defend, to protect, to shield ▶ nm (addiffynion) defence amddiffynfa (-feydd) nf fortress amddiffyniadnm protection, defence amddiffynnwr (-wyr), amddiffynyddionnm defender, protector amddyfrwysadj mighty, rugged; marshy America Ladinnf Latin America Amerignf:yr Amerig America amfesur (-au) nm perimeter amgáuvb to enclose, to shut in amgenadj, adv other, else, otherwise; different; nid amgen that is to say, namely amgenachadj, adv otherwise; better amgueddfa (-feydd) nf museum amgyffredvb to comprehend, to comprise ▶ nm (-ion) comprehension amgyffrediadnm comprehension amgylch (-oedd) nm circuit; environs, surroundings; o (oddi) amgylch round about, about amgylcheddnm circumference; environment amgylcheddoladj environmental; yn amgylcheddol environmentally; amgylcheddol garedig environmentally friendly amgylchfydnm environment amgylchiad (-au) nm circumstance; occasion amgylchiadoladj circumstantial amgylchuvb to surround amgylchynoladj surrounding amgylchynuvb to surround amharchuvb to dishonour, to disrespect amharchusadj disrespectful, disreputable amhariadnm impairment, damage amharodadj unprepared, unready amharodrwyddnm unreadiness amharuvb to impair, to harm, to injure, to damage amhendantadj indefinite, vague amhenderfynoladj irresolute amhenodoladj indefinite amherchivb to dishonour, to insult amherffaithadj imperfect amherffeithrwyddnm imperfection amhersonoladj impersonal amherthnasol, amherthynasoladj irrelevant amheuaethnf doubt, scepticism amheugaradj suspicious; sceptical amheuoladj doubting, doubtful amheusadj doubting, doubtful, dubious amheuthunadj dainty, savoury ▶ nm (-ion) dainty, delicacy, treat amheuwr (-wyr) nm doubter, sceptic amhlantadwyadj childless, barren amhleidiol, amhleitgaradj impartial amhoblogadj sparsely populated amhoblogaiddadj unpopular amhosibladj impossible amhriodoladj improper amhrisiadwyadj priceless amhrofiadoladj inexperienced amhrydlonadj unpunctual amhûradj impure, foul amhwrpasoladj irrelevant amhwyllovb to lose one’s senses, to go mad amladj frequent, abundant ▶ adv often amlder, amldranm abundance amldduwiad (-iaid) nm polytheist amldduwiaethnf polytheism amleiriogadj wordy, verbose, prolix amlen (-ni) nf envelope, wrapper amlhadnm increasing, increase amlhauvb to increase, to multiply amlinelliad (-au) nm outline amlinelluvb to outline aml-lawradj multi-storey amlochrogadj many-sided amlosgfanf crematorium amlosgivb to cremate amlwgadj plain, clear, manifest, evident, prominent amlwreigiaethnf polygamy amlwreigiwr (-wyr) nm polygamist amlygiad (-au) nm manifestation amlygrwyddnm prominence, limelight amlyguvb to manifest, to reveal, to evince amnaid (-neidiau) nf beck, nod amneidiovb to beckon, to nod amnest (-au) nm amnesty amod (-au) nmf condition amodivb to covenant, to stipulate amodoladj conditional amp (-au) nm amp amrant (-au, -rannau) nm eyelid amrantiadnm wink, twinkling, second amrediadnm range amreinioladj not privileged amrwdadj uncooked, raw, crude amryddawnadj versatile amryfaladj sundry, manifold amryfusadj erroneous, inadvertent amryfusedd (-au) nm error, oversight amryliwadj variegated; multicoloured amrywadj several, sundry, various amrywiad (-au) nm variant amrywiaethnm variety, diversity amrywiovb to vary, to differ amrywioladj sundry amser (-oedd, -au) nmf time; amser sbâr spare time amseriad (-au) nm timing, dating, date amserlen (-ni) nf time-table amseroladj timely; temporal amseruvb to time, to date amserydd (-ion) nm chronologist amseryddiaethnf chronology amseryddoladj chronological amwisg (-oedd) nf covering, shroud amwisgovb to enwrap, to shroud amwysadj ambiguous amwyseddnm ambiguity amynconj, prep unless, except, but amyneddnm patience amyneddgaradj patient an-prefix un-, in-, de-, dis- anabladj disabled anableddnm disability anadadj:yn anad above all, more than anadferadwyadj irreparable anadl (-au, -on) nfm breath anadliadnm breath, breathing anadluvb to breathe anadlydd (-ion) nm inhaler anadnabyddusadj unknown anaddasadj unfit, unsuitable anaddasuvb to unfit, to disqualify anaeddfed, anaddfedadj unripe, immature anaeddfedrwyddnm unripeness, immaturity anaeleadj awful, direful; incurable anaesthetigadj anaesthetic anaf (-au) nm blemish, defect; wound anafuvb to blemish, to maim, to hurt anafusadj maimed, disabled anair (-eiriau) nm ill report, slander anallunm inability analluogadj unable analluogivb to disable anamladj infrequent, rare ▶ adv rarely, seldom anamlwgadj obscure, inconspicuous anamseroladj untimely, mistimed anap (anhapon) nmf mischance, mishap anarchiaethnfm anarchy anarchydd (-ion) nm anarchist anarferoladj unusual, extraordinary anarfogadj unarmed ancrnmf anchorite, anchoress ancwyn (-ion) nm dinner, supper; delicacy anchwiliadwyadj unsearchable andrasnm curse; devil, deuce andwyovb to spoil, to ruin, to undo andwyoladj harmful, ruinous anedifeirioladj impenitent aneffeithioladj ineffectual anegluradj indistinct; illegible aneirifadj innumerable aneluvb to bend, to aim anenwogadj unrenowned, ignoble, mean anerchiad (-au) nm salutation, address anesboniadwyadj inexplicable anesgusodoladj inexcusable anesmwythadj uneasy, restless anesmwythder, anesmwythdranm uneasiness, unrest anesmwythovb to be or make uneasy anesmwythydnm uneasiness, disquiet anewyllysgaradj unwilling anfadadj wicked, nefarious anfadrwyddnm wickedness, villainy anfadwaithnm villainy; crime anfadwr (-wyr) nm villain, scoundrel anfaddeugaradj unforgiving anfaddeuoladj unpardonable anfantais (-eision) nf disadvantage anfanteisioladj disadvantageous anfarwoladj undying, immortal anfarwoldebnm immortality anfedrusadj unskilful anfedrusrwyddnm unskilfulness anfeidroladj infinite anfeidroldebnm infinity anferthadj huge, monstrous anfertheddnm hugeness, monstrosity anfodlonadj unwilling anfodlonivb to discontent, to dissatisfy anfodlonrwyddnm discontent anfoddnm unwillingness, displeasure anfoddhaoladj unsatisfactory anfoddiovb to displease, to disoblige anfoddlonseeanfodlon anfoddogadj discontented, dissatisfied anfoddogrwyddnm discontentment anfoesgaradj unmannerly, rude anfoesgarwchnm rudeness, incivility anfoesoladj immoral anfoesoldebnm immorality anfonvb to send, to transmit, to dispatch anfonebnf invoice anfoneddigaiddadj ungentlemanly anfonheddigadj ignoble, discourteous anfoniadnm sending, transmission anfrinm disrespect, dishonour anfucheddoladj immoral anfuddioladj unprofitable anfwriadoladj unintentional anfwynadj unkind, uncivil anfwytadwyadj inedible anfynychadj infrequent, rare ▶ adv seldom anffaeledigadj infallible anffaeledigrwyddnm infallibility anffafrioladj unfavourable anffawd (-ffodion) nf misfortune anffodus, anffortunusadj unfortunate anffrwythlonadj unfruitful, barren anffurfiovb to disfigure, to deform anffurfioladj informal anffyddiaethnf atheism anffyddiwr (-wyr) nm infidel, atheist anffyddlonadj unfaithful anhaeddiannoladj unmerited, undeserved anhaeddiantnm demerit, unworthiness anhapusadj unhappy, unlucky anharddadj unhandsome, unseemly, ugly anhawddadj hard, difficult anhawddgaradj unamiable, unlovely anhawster (anawsterau) nm difficulty anhepgor (-ion) nm essential anhepgoroladj indispensable anhoffternm hatred, dislike anhraethadwyadj unutterable anhraetholadj unspeakable, ineffable anhrefnnm disorder, confusion anhrefnuvb to disorder, to disarrange anhrefnusadj disorderly, untidy anhreiddioladj impervious, impenetrable anhreuliedigadj undigested; unspent anhrugarogadj unmerciful, merciless anhuddovb to cover (a fire) anhuneddnm wakefulness, disquiet anhwyldebnm disorder, complaint, illness anhwyldernm illness anhwylusadj unwell anhwylustodnm inconvenience anhyblygadj inflexible, stiff, rigid anhydawddadj insoluble anhydernm distrust, diffidence anhyderusadj diffident anhydrinadj unmanageable anhydynadj intractable, obstinate anhyddysgadj unversed, ignorant anhyfrydadj unpleasant anhyfrydwchnm unpleasantness anhygaradj unpleasant, unamiable anhygoeladj incredible anhygyrchadj inaccessible anhylawadj unhandy, unwieldy anhynodadj indistinctive; uncertain anhysbysadj unknown; unversed anhywaithadj intractable, refractory anialadj desert, wild ▶ nm wilderness anialwchnm wilderness anian (-au) nf nature, instinct, genius anianawdnm temperament, disposition anianoladj natural anianyddoladj physical anifail (-feiliaid) nm animal, beast anifeilaiddadj beastly, brutish anifeileiddiovb to animalize, to brutalize anlwcnf bad luck, misfortune anlwcusadj unlucky anlladadj wanton, lascivious, lewd anlladrwyddnm wantonness, lewdness anllygredigadj incorrupt, incorruptible anllygredigaethnf incorruption anllythrennogadj illiterate anllywodraethnf misrule, anarchy annaearoladj unearthly, weird annatodoladj indissoluble, that cannot be undone annaturioladj unnatural annealladwyadj unintelligible anneallusadj unintelligent annedwyddadj unhappy, miserable annedwyddwchnm unhappiness annedd (anheddau) nf dwelling anneddfoladj lawless annefnyddioladj useless; immaterial annel (anelau) nfm trap; purpose, aim annelwigadj shapeless, unformed; vague anner (aneirod, -i, -au) nf heifer annerbynioladj unacceptable annerchvb to salute, to greet, to address ▶ nm (anerchion) salutation, greeting annewisoladj ineligible, undesirable, unwelcome annhebygadj unlike, dissimilar annhebygoladj unlikely, improbable annhebygolrwyddnm improbability annhebygrwyddnm unlikeness, unlikelihood annhegadj unfair annhegwchnm unfairness annheilwngadj unworthy annheilyngdodnm unworthiness annherfynoladj endless; infinitive, infinite annhirionadj cruel annhosturioladj pitiless, ruthless annhueddnf disinclination annhueddoladj disinclined, indisposed annibenadj untidy, slovenly annibendodnm untidiness annibyniaethnf independence annibynnoladj independent Annibynnwr (-wyr) nm Independent annichellgaradj guileless, simple annichon, annichonadwyadj impossible anniddanadj comfortless, miserable anniddigadj peevish, irritable, fretful anniddigrwyddnm peevishness anniddosadj leaky, comfortless annifeirioladj innumerable, countless anniflanedigadj unfading, imperishable annifyradj miserable, wretched annifyrrwchnm misery anniffoddadwyadj unquenchable annigoneddnm insufficiency annigonoladj insufficient, inadequate annigonolrwyddnm inadequacy annileadwyadj indelible, ineffaceable annilysadj unauthentic, spurious, insincere annillynadj inelegant, clumsy annioddefoladj unbearable, intolerable anniogeladj unsafe, insecure anniolchgaradj unthankful, ungrateful anniolchgarwchnm ingratitude annirnadwyadj incomprehensible annisgrifiadwyadj indescribable annisgwyliadwyadj unexpected anniwairadj unchaste, incontinent, lewd anniwalladj insatiable anniweirdebnm unchastity, incontinence anniwylliedigadj uncultured annoethadj unwise, imprudent annoethinebnm unwisdom, folly annogvb to incite, to urge; to exhort annormaladj abnormal annosvb to incite, to set (a dog) on annosbarthusadj unruly, disorderly annuw, annuwiad (annuwiaid) nm atheist annuwiaethnf atheism annuwioladj ungodly, godless annuwioldebnm ungodliness annwn, annwfnnm the underworld; hell annwyd (anwydau, -on) nm cold annwyladj dear, beloved annyledusadj undue, wrongful annymunoladj unpleasant, disagreeable annynoladj inhuman, cruel annysgedigadj unlearned anobaithnm despair anobeithiovb to despair anobeithioladj hopeless anochel, anocheladwyadj unavoidable, inevitable anoddadj hard, difficult anoddefgaradj impatient, intolerant anogaeth (-au) nf exhortation anolrheinadwyadj untraceable anolygusadj unsightly anonestadj dishonest anonestrwyddnm dishonesty anorchfygoladj irresistible; unconquerable anorecsigadj anorexic anorfodadj insuperable; unavoidable anorffenadj endless, unending anorffenedigadj incomplete, unfinished anorthrechadj invincible anrasoladj graceless anrhaith (-rheithiau) nf prey, spoil, booty anrheg (-ion) nf present, gift anrheguvb to present, to give anrheithiovb to prey, to spoil, to plunder anrheithiwr (-wyr) nm spoiler, pillager anrhydedd (-au) nm honour anrhydedduvb to honour anrhydeddusadj honourable anrhydeddwr (-wyr) nm honourer ansadadj unsteady, unstable ansadrwyddnm instability ansafadwyadj unstable; fickle ansathredigadj untrodden, unfrequented ansawdd (-soddau) nfm quality, state ansefydlogadj unsettled, unstable; fickle ansefydlogivb to unsettle ansicradj uncertain, doubtful ansicrwyddnm uncertainty, doubt ansoddair (-eiriau) nm adjective ansoddeirioladj adjectival ansyberadj untidy, slovenly Antarctignf; yr Antarctig the Antarctic anterliwt (-iau) nfm interlude anterthnm meridian, zenith, prime antur (-iau) nfm attempt, venture; adventure; enterprise; ar antur at random anturiaeth (-au) nf adventure, enterprise anturiaethusadj adventurous, enterprising anturiaethwr (-wyr) nm adventurer anturiovb to venture, to adventure anturusadj adventurous anthem (-au) nf anthem anudon (-au) nm false oath, perjury anudoniaethnf perjury anudonwr (-wyr) nm perjurer anufuddadj disobedient anufudd-dodnm disobedience anufuddhauvb to disobey anundebnm disunion anunionadj crooked; unjust anuniondebnm injustice, iniquity anurddovb to spoil, to mar, to disfigure anwadaladj unstable, fickle, changeable anwadaluvb to waver, to vacillate anwadalwchnm fickleness anwaradj wild, barbarous, savage anwaraiddadj uncivilized, barbarous anwarddyn (-wariaid) nm barbarian, savage anwareidd-dranm barbarity anwastadadj uneven, unstable, fickle anwe (-oedd) nf woof anweddnm vapour, steam anweddaiddadj unseemly, indecent anweddusadj improper, indecent anweledigadj unseen, invisible anwesnm indulgence; caress anwesogadj pampered, affectionate anwesuvb to fondle, to caress, to pamper, to indulge anwiradj untrue, lying, false; wicked anwiredd (-au) nm untruth; iniquity anwiredduvb to falsify anwireddusadj untruthful, false, lying anwr (-wyr) nm wretch, coward anwybodnm ignorance anwybodaethnf ignorance anwybodusadj ignorant anwybydduvb to ignore anwydogadj cold, chilly; having a cold anwydwstnf influenza anwyldebnm belovedness, dearness anwyliaidnpl beloved ones, favourites anwylovb to cherish, to fondle, to caress anwylyd (-liaid) nm beloved anwylynnm favourite anwythiadnm induction anwythovb to induce anwytholadj inductive anymarferoladj impractical, impracticable anymddiriedvb to mistrust, to distrust anymwybodoladj unconscious anymwybyddiaethnf unconsciousness anynadadj peevish, petulant; brawling anysgrifenedigadj unwritten anysgrythuroladj unscriptural anystwythadj stiff, rigid anystwythovb to stiffen anystyriaethnf heedlessness, rashness anystyrioladj heedless, reckless, rash anystywallt, anystywelladj unmanageable apeliovb to appeal apostol (-ion) nm apostle apostolaidd, apostoligadj apostolic apostoliaethnf apostleship apwyntiad (-au) nm appointment apwyntiovb to appoint arprep on, upon, over; ar gau closed ârnm ploughed land, tilth; ground Arab (-iaid) nm Arab arabadj facetious, merry, pleasant Arabaiddadj Arab arabeddnm facetiousness, wit Arabegnf Arabic arabusadj witty aradr (erydr) nm plough arafadj slow, soft, gentle, still arafuvb to slow; to quiet; to moderate arafwchnm slowness; moderation arailvb to guard, to care for, to foster ▶ adj attending, careful araith (areithiau) nf speech arall (eraill) adj, pron another, other; else aralleg (-au) nfm allegory aralleiriad (-au) nm paraphrase aralleiriovb to paraphrase arauladj sunny, sunlit; serene arawdnf speech, oration arbedvb to spare, to save arbediad (-au) nm save, salvage arbedoladj sparing, saving arbedwr (-wyr) nm:arbedwr sgrin screen saver arbenigaethnf expertise; specialisation arbenigovb to specialise arbenigrwyddnm speciality, prominence arbenigwr (-wyr) nm specialist arbennigadj special arbrawf (arbrofion) nm experiment arbrofivb to experiment arbrofoladj experimental Arctignf:yr Arctig the Arctic arch1 (eirchion) nf request, petition; bidding arch2 (eirch) nf ark, coffin; trunk, waist archaeolegnf archaeology archangel (-ylion) nm archangel archddiacon (-iaid) nm archdeacon archeb (-ion) nf order archebuvb to order archennf shoe; clothing archenadnm shoe; clothing Archentaiddadj Argentinian archesgob (-ion) nm archbishop archesgobaeth (-au) nf archbishopric archfarchnad (-oedd) nf supermarket archiadnm bidding archif (-au) nfm archive archifdy (-dai) nm record office archifydd (-ion) nm archivist archoffeiriad (-iaid) nm high priest archoll (-ion) nf wound archollivb to wound archwaethnm taste, appetite archwaethuvb to taste, to savour archwiliad (-au) nm audit; checkup; inspection, examination; exploration archwiliovb to examine, to audit; to explore archwiliwr (-wyr) nm examiner, auditor; explorer ardal (-oedd) nf region, district ardalydd (-ion) nm marquis ardreth (-i) nf rent ardrethuvb to rent ardystiad (-au) nm pledge, attestation ardystiovb to pledge, to attest arddangosvb to show, to exhibit, to indicate arddangosfa (-feydd) nf show, exhibition arddegaunpl teens arddegoladj teenage arddelvb to avow, to own arddeliadnm claim, avowal; unction ardderchogadj excellent, noble, splendid ardderchowgrwyddnm excellency arddodivb to prefix; to impose arddodiad (-iaid) nm preposition ardduvb to plough arddull (-iau) nf style arddullegnf stylistics ardduniantnm sublimity arddunoladj sublime arddwr (-wyr) nm ploughman arddwrn (-ddyrnau) nm wrist arddywediad (-au) nm dictation aredigvb to plough areithegnf rhetoric areithiovb to speak, to make a speech areithiwr (-wyr) nm speaker, orator areithyddiaethnf oratory; elocution arelnm laurel aren (-nau) nf kidney; (pl) reins arestiovb to arrest arf (-au) nmf weapon; (pl) arms; tool arfaeth (-au) nf purpose; decree arfaethuvb to purpose, to intend arfbais (-beisiau) nf coat of arms arfdy (-dai) nm armoury arfervb to use, to accustom ▶ nfm (-ion) use, custom, habit arferiadnmf use, custom, habit arferoladj usual, customary arfodnf stroke of a weapon, fight; armour; opportunity arfogadj armed arfogaethnf armour arfogivb to arm arfoll (-au) nm pledge, oath arfordir (-oedd) nm coast arforoladj maritime arffed (-au) nf lap argae (-au) nm dam, embankment; enclosed place argeisiovb to seek argelnmf concealment, refuge ▶ adj hidden, occult arglwydd (-i) nm lord arglwyddaiddadj lordly arglwyddes (-au) nf lady arglwyddiaeth (-au) nf lordship, dominion argoed (-ydd) nm enclosure of trees argoel (-ion) nf sign, token, omen argoelivb to betoken, to portend, to augur argoelusadj ominous argraff (-ion, -au) nf print, impression argraffdy (-dai) nm printer’s, printing-house argraffiad (-au) nm impression; edition argraffuvb to print, to impress argraffwaithnm print, typography argraffwasgnf printing-press argraffwr (-wyr), argraffydd (-ion) nm printer argrwm, argrwnadj convex argyfwng (-yngau, -yngoedd) nm crisis argyhoeddivb to reprove; to convince, to convict argyhoeddiad (-au) nm conviction argyhoeddiadoladj convincing argymellvb to urge, to recommend argymhelliadnm recommendation arholivb to examine arholiad (-au) nm examination; arholiad mynediad entrance examination arholwr (-wyr) nm examiner arhosfanf stop; arhosfa bws, arhosfa bysiau bus stop arhosfan (-nau) nm = arhosfa arhosiadnm staying, stay arhosoladj abiding, permanent arialnm vigour, mettle ariannm silver ▶ coll n money, cash; arian breiniol currency; arian byw mercury; arian gleision silver; arian parod cash; arian pen exact money; arian treigl current money ariandy (-dai) nm bank ariangaradj fond of money, avaricious ariangarwchnm love of money, avarice ariannaidadj silver, silvern ariannaiddadj silvery ariannegnmf finance Arianninnf Argentina ariannogadj moneyed, wealthy, rich ariannoladj financial, monetary ariannuvb to silver; to finance/fund ariannydd (arianyddion) nm banker, investor, financier arlais (-leisiau) nf temple arlein, ar-leinadj, adv online arloesivb to clear, to prepare the way, to pioneer arloesydd (-wyr) nm pioneer arluniaethnf portraiture, painting arluniovb to draw, to paint, to portray arlunydd (-wyr) nm artist arlwy (-au, -on) nmf provision, feast, menu arlwyaeth (-au) nf catering arlwyovb to prepare, to provide; to cook arlywydd (-ion) nm president arlywyddiaethnf presidency arlywyddoladj presidential arlliw (-iau) nm varnish, tint, shade, trace arlliwiovb to colour, to tint, to paint arllwysvb to pour out, to empty arllwysfanf outfall, outlet, vent armelnm second milk armesnf prophecy; calamity arnofiovb to float arobrynadj worthy, prize-winning arofunvb to intend, to purpose arogl (-au), aroglau (-euon) nm scent, smell arogldarthnm incense arogldarthuvb to burn incense arogli, arogleuovb to scent; to smell arogliadnm smelling, sense of smell aroleuadaunpl:aroleuadau gwallt highlights aroleuydd (-ion) nm highlighter (pen) arolwgnm survey arolygiad (-au) nm inspection arolygiaethnf superintendency arolyguvb to superintend arolygwr (-wyr), arolygydd (-ion) nm superintendent, inspector; supervisor arosvb to wait, to await, to stay, to stop, to tarry, to abide, to remain; aros ar ôl stay behind; aros gartref stay in arswydnm dread, terror, horror arswydovb to dread; to shudder arswydusadj fearful, terrible, dreadful arsylwivb to observe arsyllfa (-feydd) nf observatory arsylluvb to observe artaith (-teithiau) nf torture, torment, pang arteithiovb to torture, to rack arteithioladj racking, excruciating artisiog (-au) nm artichoke artistigadj artistic arth (eirth) nfm bear arthes (-au) nf she-bear arthio, arthuvb to bark, to growl arucheladj lofty, sublime arucheleddnm loftiness, sublimity aruthradj marvellous, strange aruthreddnm amazement, horror aruthroladj huge, prodigious arwahanrwyddnm uniqueness, individuality arwainvb to conduct, to lead, to guide, to carry arwedd (-au, -ion) nf bearing, aspect arwedduvb to bear arweddwr (-wyr) nm bearer arweiniadnm guidance; introduction arweinioladj leading, introductory arweinydd (-ion) nm guide, leader; conductor arweinyddiaethnf leadership arwerthiant (-iannau) nm auction arwerthuvb to sell by auction arwerthwr (-wyr) nm auctioneer arwisgiadnm investiture arwisgovb to enrobe, to array, to invest arwr (-wyr) nm hero arwraiddadj heroic, epic arwres (-au) nf heroine arwrgerdd (-i) nf epic poem arwriaethnf heroism arwroladj heroic, gallant arwybodnm awareness arwydd (-ion) nmf sign, signal; ensign; arwydd ffordd road sign arwyddair (-eiriau) nm motto arwyddbostnm signpost arwyddlun (-iau) nm emblem, symbol arwyddlunioladj emblematic, symbolic arwyddnod (-au) nm mark, token arwyddovb to sign; to signify arwyddocâdnm signification, significance arwyddocaoladj significant arwyddocáuvb to signify, to denote arwyl (-ion) nf funeral, funeral rites arwylovb to mourn over the dead arwynebeddnm surface, superficies arwyneboladj superficial arwyrainnmf praise, panegyric ▶ vb to rise, to extol arwystlnm mortgage arwystlovb to pledge, to mortgage arysgrif (-au), arysgrifen (-nau) nf inscription, epigraph asb (-iaid) nf asp asbrinm animation, vivacity, spirits asednm asset aseiniad (-au) nm assignment asen1 (-nau) nf rib asen2 (-nod) nf she-ass asesiadnm:asesiad parhaus continuous assessment asesuvb to assess; asesu parhaus continuous assessment asethnf stake, spar, lath asgell (esgyll) nf wing, fin; asgell fraith chaffinch asgellogadj winged asgellwr (-wyr) nm wing, outside-forward asglod, asglodionnpl chips asgrenf bosom, heart asgwrn (esgyrn) nm bone Asianf Asia Asiad (Asiaid) nm Asian asiad (-au) nm joint, weld Asiaiddadj Asian asiant (-au) nm agent asiantaethnf agency asidnm acid asidigadj acidic asiedyddnm joiner asiovb to join, to weld; to solder; to cement astell (astyllod, estyll) nf plank, shelf astrolegnf astrology astrusadj abstruse, difficult astudadj attentive astudiaeth (-au) nf study; astudiaethau cyfrifiadurol computer studies astudiovb to study astudrwyddnm attentiveness aswyadj left asyn (-nod) nm he-ass asynnaiddadj asinine atprep to, towards; for; at; by atafaeliadnm confiscation, distraint atafaeluvb to confiscate atalvb to stop, to hinder, to withhold ▶ nm (-ion) hindrance, impediment; atal dweud stammering ataleb (-au) nf injunction atalfa (-feydd) nf check; stoppage ataliad (-au) nm stoppage atalioladj preventive atalnod (-au) nf stop, point atalnodivb to point, to punctuate atblygoladj reflexive atebvb to answer, to reply ▶ nm (-ion) answer ateboladj answerable, responsible ateg (-ion) nf prop, stay, support ategiad (-au) nm affirmation ategoladj confirming; auxiliary ateguvb to support atgasadj odious, hateful atgaseddnm hatred atgasrwyddnm odiousness, hatefulness atgenhedliadnm regeneration atgenhedluvb to regenerate atgno (-oeau, -oeon) nm remorse atgof (-ion) nm remembrance, reminiscence atgofiovb to recollect, to remember, to remind atgofusadj reminiscent atgoffavb to recall, to remind atgyfnerthionnpl reinforcements atgyfnerthuvb to reinforce atgyfodivb to rise, to raise again atgyfodiadnm resurrection atgynhyrchuvb to reproduce atgyweiriad (-au) nm repair atgyweiriovb to repair, to mend atgyweiriwr (-wyr) nm repairer, mender atig (-au) nmf attic Atlantaiddadj Atlantic Atlantigadj Atlantic atodivb to add, to append, to affix atodiad (-au) nm addition, appendix atodlen (-ni) nf supplement; schedule atodoladj supplementary atolwg, atolyguvb to pray, to beseech atom (-au) nfm atom atomfa (-feydd) nf nuclear power station atomigadj atomic atsain (-seiniau) nf echo atseiniovb to resound, to echo atwf (atyfion) nm second growth atyniad (-au) nm attraction atyniadoladj attractive atynnuvb to attract Athennf Athens athletaunpl athletics athrawes (-au) nf teacher, governess athrawiaeth (-au) nf doctrine athrawiaetholadj doctrinal athristadj very sad, pensive, sorrowful athro (athrawon) nm teacher, master athrod (-ion) nm slander, libel athrodwr (-wyr) nm slanderer, libeller athrofa (-feydd) nf college, academy, institute athrofaoladj academic athroniaethnf philosophy athronydd (-ion, -wyr) nm philosopher athronyddoladj philosophical athronydduvb to philosophize athrylith (-oedd) nf genius athrylithgaradj of genius, talented athrywynnm mediation, intervention ▶ vb to mediate, to arbitrate aurnm gold awchnm edge; ardour, zest; relish, appetite awchlymadj sharp, keen, acute awchlymuvb to sharpen, to whet awchusadj sharp, keen; eager; greedy awdl (-au, odlau) nf ode awdur (-on, -iaid) nm author awdurdod (-au) nmf authority awdurdodedigadj authorised awdurdodivb to authorize awdurdodoladj authoritative awdures (-au) nf authoress awduriaethnf authorship awel (-on) nf breeze, wind awelogadj breezy, windy awen1 (-au) nf muse awen2 (-au) nf rein awenydd (-ion) nm poet awenyddiaethnf poetry, poesy awenyddoladj poetical awenydduvb to poetize awgrym (-au, -iadau) nm hint, suggestion awgrymiadoladj suggestive awgrymogadj suggestive awgrymuvb to hint, to suggest awr (oriau) nf hour; oriau hamdden spare time, leisure; oriau hyblyg flexitime; oriau ychwanegol overtime Awstnm August Awstralianf Australia Awstrianf Austria awtistigadj autistic awydd (-au) nm desire, eagerness awyddfrydnm vehement desire, zeal awydduvb to desire awyddusadj desirous, eager, zealous awyrnf air, sky awyrdrom (-au) nf aerodrome awyren (-nau, -ni) nf balloon, aeroplane awyrendy (-dai) nm hangar awyrgylch (-au, -oedd) nmf atmosphere awyriadnm ventilation awyrlong (-au) nf airship awyruvb to air, to ventilate b (#) baban (-od) adj baby babanaiddadj babyish babandodnm babyhood, infancy babinm baby bacas (bacs(i)au) nf footless stocking; hair on horse’s fetlocks baconm tobacco bacwnnm bacon bach1 (-au) nm hook; bachau petryal square brackets bach2adj little, small bachell (-au, -ion) nf nook, corner; snare bachgen (bechgyn) nm boy bachgendodnm boyhood bachgennaiddadj boyish bachgennyn (bechgynnos) nm little boy bachigyn (bachigion) nm little bit, diminutive bachogadj hooked bachuvb to hook, to grapple bachwr (-wyr) nm hooker (in rugby) bad (-au) nm boat; bad achub lifeboat badwr (-wyr) nm boatman badd (-au), baddon (-au) nm bath bae (-au) nm bay baedd (-od) nm boar baedduvb to beat, to buffet; to soil baetiovb to bait, to maltreat bag (-iau) nm bag; bag aer, bag awyr airbag bagad (-au) nm cluster; troop, multitude bagl (-aul) nf crook; crutch; leg baglor (-ion) nf bachelor bagloriaethnf bachelorship bagluvb to entangle, to ensnare, to trip bai (beiau) nm fault, vice; defect; blame baich (beichiau) nm burden, load baisnm bottom, ford; walking balanm efflux of river from lake balchadj proud; glad; delighted balchdernm pride balchdranm joy, gladness balchïovb to pride baldorddnm babble, balderdash baldorddivb to babble balenm ballet baled (-i) nf ballad baledwr (-wyr) nm ballad-monger balmnm balm balmaiddadj balmy balog (-au, -ion) nf fly, cod-piece; flap ballegnf hamper, net, purse ballegrwyd (-au) nf drag-net ban (-nau) nmf peak; horn; corner; stanza banadlnpl (nf-hadlen) broom banc1 (-iau) nm bank banc2 (bencydd) nm bank, mound, hill bancaw (-iau) nm band, tuft band (-iau) nm band; band eang, band llydan broadband baner (-au, -i) nf banner, flag banerogadj with banners, bannered banerwr (-wyr) nm standard-bearer; ensign banffagl (-au) nf bonfire, blaze bangawadj eloquent, melodious, skilful Bangladeshnf Bangladesh bangor (-au, bangyr) nfm upper row of rods in wattle fence; monastery baniar (-ieri) nm shout; banner banllawr (-lloriau) nm platform banllef (-au) nf loud shout bannod (banodau) nf article bannogadj elevated, conspicuous; horned bar (-rau) nm bar bârnm fury, greed baranm bread barbaraiddadj barbarous barbareidd-dranm barbarity barbareiddiovb to barbarize barbariad (-iaid) nm barbarian barbariaethnm barbarism barbwr (-wyr) nm barber barcer (-iaid) nm tanner barclod (-iau) nm apron barcud (-iaid), barcutan (-od) nm kite barcutnm kite barcutavb to hang-glide bardd (beirdd) nm bard, poet barddasnfm bardism barddoladj bardic barddonivb to compose poetry, to poetize barddoniaethnf poetry, verse barddonoladj poetic, poetical barf (-au) nf beard, whiskers barfogadj bearded bargeinio, bargennavb to bargain bargen (-einion) nf bargain bargod (-ion) nm eaves bargyfreithiwr (-wyr) nm barrister bariaethnmf evil, grief, wrath; greed baril (-au) nf barrel barilaid (-eidiau) nf barrelful bariovb to bar, to bolt barladnm drake barlysnm barley barn (-au) nf judgment; opinion; sentence barnaisnf varnish barnedigaeth (-au) nf judgment barneisiovb to varnish barnoladj judicial, condemnatory, annoying barnuvb to judge barnwr (-wyr) nm judge baromedrnm barometer barrugnm hoar-frost barugovb to cast hoar-frost barugogadj white with hoar-frost barusadj voracious, greedy barwn (-iaid) nm baron barwnes (-au) nf baroness barwniaeth (-au) nf barony barwnig (-iaid) nm baronet bas1adj shallow ▶ npl (bais, beis) shallows bas2adj, nm bass basged (-i, -au) nf basket basgedaid (-eidiau) nf basketful basgedwr (-wyr) nm basket-maker basilnm basil basn (-au, -ys) nm basin bastard (-iaid) nm bastard bastardiaethnf bastardy batiovb to bat batrinm battery bath (-au) nm kind, sort; stamp; coin bathdy (-dai) nm mint bathodyn (-nau) nm medal, badge batholadj coin, coined bathuvb to coin bawnm dirt, mire, dung, filth bawaiddadj dirty, vile; sordid, mean bawd (bodiau) nf thumb, toe bechanadj f ofbychan bechgynnosnpl little boys, youngsters bedwnpl (nf-en) birch bedyddnm baptism bedyddfa (-fâu, -feydd) nf baptistry bedyddfaen (-feini) nm font bedyddiovb to baptize bedyddioladj baptismal; baptized Bedyddiwr (-wyr) nm Baptist bedd (-au) nm grave, tomb, sepulchre beddargraff (-iadau) nm epitaph beddfaen (-feini) nm tombstone beddgell (-oedd) nf vault, catacomb beddrod (-au) nm tomb, sepulchre Beibl (-au) nm Bible Beiblaiddadj Biblical beic (-iau) nm bike; beic modur motorbike; beic mynydd mountain bike beiciovb to cycle beiciwr, beicwr (-wyr) nm cyclist; beiciwr modur motorcyclist beichiovb to burden; to low; to sob beichiogadj pregnant beichiogivb to conceive beichusadj burdensome, oppressive beiddgaradj daring, audacious; outrageous beiddgarwchnm daring, audacity beiddiovb to dare, to presume beili (beilïaid) nm bailiff beiovb to blame, to censure beirniad (-iaid) nm adjudicator; critic beirniadaeth (-au) nf adjudication; criticism beirniadoladj critical beirniaduvb to adjudicate; to criticize beisgawn (-au) nf stack, heap of corn sheaves beistonnf sea-shore, beach; surf beiusadj faulty; blameworthy bellachadv now, at length bendigaid, bendigedigadj blessed bendigedigrwyddnm blessedness bendith (-ion) nf blessing, benediction bendithiovb to bless bendithioladj conferring blessings benthyca, benthyciovb to borrow, to lend benthyciadnm loan benthyciwr (-wyr) nm borrower, lender benthygnm loan benywadj female ▶ nf (-od) female, woman benywaiddadj feminine; effeminate benywoladj feminine, female beradj f ofbyr bêr (berau, -i) nm spear; roasting-spit beranfm rick; pyramid berdysnpl (nm-yn, nf-en) shrimps berf (-au) nf verb; berf anghyflawn transitive verb; berf gyflawn intransitive verb berfa (-fâu, -feydd) nf barrow Berlinnf Berlin berthadj beautiful, valuable berthogadj wealthy, fair berwnm, adj boiling, seething, ebullition berwedigadj boiling berwedydd (-ion) nm boiler berwedd-dy (-dai) nm brewery berwedduvb to brew berwivb to boil, to seethe, to effervesce berwrcoll n cress betgwnnmf nightgown betwsnm oratory, chapel; birch grove betysnpl beetroot beudy (-dai) nm cow-house, byre beunoeth, beunosadv nightly, every night beunyddadv daily, every day, always beunyddioladj daily, quotidian bidog (-au) nf dagger; bayonet bing (-oedd) nm alley, bin bil (-iau) nm bill bilidowcarnm cormorant bilwg (-ygau) nm billhook bin (-iau) nm:bin sbwriel litter bin biocemegnfm biochemistry biolegnf biology bir (-oedd) nm beer bisgedennf biscuit, cracker biswailnm dung blaenadj fore, foremost, first; front ▶ nm (-au, -ion) point, end, top, tip; front, van, priority, precedence; edge blaenasgellwr (-wyr) nm wing-forward blaenbrawf (-brofion) nm foretaste blaendalnm prepayment, deposit blaendardduvb to sprout blaendirnm foreground blaenddalen (-nau) nf title page blaenddodivb to prefix blaenddodiad (-iaid) nm prefix blaenffrwythnm first-fruits blaengaradj prominent, progressive blaengroen (-grwyn) nm foreskin blaenllawadj forward, prominent blaenllymadj sharp, keen blaenllymuadj sharpen, whet blaenor (-iaid) nm leader; elder blaenorivb to lead, to precede blaenoriaethnf preference; precedence blaenoroladj previous, antecedent blaenuvb to point; to outrun; to precede blaenwr (-wyr) nm leader; forward blagurcoll n sprouts, buds, shoots blagurovb to sprout, to bud; to flourish blagurynnm sprout, bud, shoot blaidd (bleiddiaid, bleiddiau) nm wolf blasnm taste, savour, relish blasio, blasuvb to taste blasusadj tasty, savoury, delicious blawd (blodion, -iau) nm flour, meal blêradj untidy, slovenly blerwmnm blabberer blewnpl (nm-yn) hairs; hair; fur blewogadj hairy, shaggy blewynnm straw bliantnm lawn, fine linen blif (-iau) nm catapult blingovb to skin, to flay blinadj tired, weary; peevish, irritable blinder (-au) nm weariness; trouble blinderog, blinderusadj wearisome blinfydnm tribulation blinovb to tire, to weary; to trouble, to vex blith (-ion) nm milk ▶ adj milch blith draphlithadv helter-skelter bloc (-iau) nm:bloc swyddfeydd office block blodeugerdd (-i) nf anthology blodeuglwmnm bunch, nosegay blodeuovb to flower, to bloom, to flourish blodeuogadj flowery; flourishing blodeuyn, blodyn (blodau) nm flower blodfresychennf cauliflower blodiogadj floury, mealy bloddestnf rejoicing, acclamation bloedd (-iau, -iadau) nf shout bloeddio, bloeddianvb to shout, to cry bloeddiwr (-wyr) nm shouter bloesgadj lisping, faltering, indistinct bloesgivb to lisp, to falter, to speak indistinctly blog (-iau) nm blog blogiovb to blog blogiwr (-wyr) nm blogger blwch (blychau) nm box; blwch postio mailbox blwngadj angry, sullen, cheerless ▶ nm anger blwydd (-au, -i) nf, adj year of age; year-old blwydd-dalnm annuity, pension blwyddiad (-iaid) nm yearling, annual blwyddiadur (-on) nm yearbook, annual blwyddyn (blynyddoedd) nf year; blwyddyn bwlch gap year blychaid (-eidiau) nm boxful blyneddnpl years (after numerals) blynyddoladj annual, yearly blys (-iau) nm craving, lust blysigadj greedy, lustful blysigrwyddnm greediness blysiovb to crave, to lust bocs (-ys) nm box bocsachnm vaunt, boast, brag bocsiovb to box bocsiwr (-wyr) nm boxer boch (-au) nf cheek bochdewnf hamster bochgochadj rosy-cheeked bodvb to be, to exist ▶ nm (-au) being, existence; Y Bod Mawr God bod(olaeth)nm(f) existence bodanmf buzzard bodiovb to thumb, to finger bodlonadj content, willing bodlonivb to satisfy, to content; to be content bodlonrwyddnm contentment bodolivb to exist boddnm pleasure, will, consent boddfanf flood, drenching boddhadnm pleasure, satisfaction boddhaoladj pleasing, satisfactory boddhauvb to please, to satisfy boddhausadj pleased boddivb to drown; to flood boddiovb to please, to satisfy boddlonseebodlon bogail (-eiliau) nmf navel; boss, hub boglwm (boglymau), boglyn (-nau) nm boss, knob, stud, bud, bubble bol, bola (boliau) nm belly bolaid (-eidiau) nm bellyful boleravb to gorge, to guzzle; to sponge bolerwr (-wyr) nm sponge, parasite bolgi (-gwn) nm gourmand, glutton bolheulovb to bask in the sun boliovb to belly, to gorge boliogadj big-bellied, corpulent bolochnm pain, anxiety, destruction bolrwthadj gluttonous, greedy bolrwymadj costive, constipated bolsothach, bolysothachnm hotchpotch; jargon bolwstnfm gripes, colic bollt (-au, -ydd, byllt) nf bolt bom (-iau) nmf bomb bomiovb to bomb bomiwr (-wyr) nm bomber; bomiwr hunanleiddiol suicide bomber bôn (bonau, bonion) nm bottom; stump; yn y bôn basically boncath (-od) nm buzzard bonclust (-iau) nm box on the ear boncyff (-ion) nm stump, trunk, stock bondigrybwylladv forsooth ▶ adj hardly mentionable bondonm eaves boneddnm gentility, nobility boneddigaiddadj noble; gentlemanly boneddigeiddrwyddnm gentlemanliness boneddiges (-au) nf lady bonesignf lady; Miss bonet (-i) nf bonnet bonheddigadj noble, gentle, gentlemanly bonheddwr (-wyr) nm gentleman bonllef (-au) nf shout bonllwmadj bare-bottomed; bare-backed Bonnnf Bonn bonyn (bonion) nm stump bord (-ydd, -au) nf table, board bordhwyliovb to windsurf bore (-au) nm morning ▶ adj early boreddyddnm day-break, morning borefwydnm breakfast boreoladj morning borsnf hernia bosnf palm of the hand, fist Bosnianf Bosnia bost (-iau) nm boast, brag bostiovb to boast, to brag botas, en (-asau) nf boot botwm (-ymau) nm button botymogadj buttoned botymuvb to button both (-au) nf nave of wheel; boss bowliovb to bowl bracadj free, frank, talkative bracsovb to wade, to paddle bracty (-tai) nm malt-house, brewery brad (-au) nm treason; plot bradfwriaduvb to plot, to conspire bradlofrudd (-ion) nm assassin bradlofruddiaeth (-au) nf assassination bradlofruddiovb to assassinate bradwr (-wyr) nm traitor bradwriaeth (-au) nf treason, treachery bradwrusadj traitorous, treacherous bradychuvb to betray braenadj rotten, corrupt braenar (-au) nm fallow braenaruvb to fallow, to pioneer braenuvb to rot, to putrify brafadj fine bragnm malt bragadnf army, battle; offspring bragaldianvb to jabber, to gabble, to prate bragiovb to brag, to boast bragiwr (-wyr) nm bragger, boaster braguvb to malt, to brew bragwairnm moorland hay, coarse grass bragwr (-wyr) nm maltster, brewer braich (breichiau) nf arm; branch, handle; headland braiddadv rather, somewhat braint (breintiau) nf privilege braisgadj gross, thick, large; pregnant braithadj f ofbrith brân (brain) nf crow, rook, raven bras (breision) adj fat; coarse; rich; luxuriant brasáuvb to grow fat or gross brasbwythovb to baste, to tack brasgamuvb to stride Brasilnf Brazil braslun (-iau) nm sketch, outline braslun bywydnm curriculum vitae brasluniovb to sketch, to outline brasnadduvb to rough-hew brasternm fat brasterogadj fat, greasy brat (-iau) nm rag, clout; pinafore bratiaithnf debased language bratiogadj ragged, tattered brath (-au) nm stab, wound; sting; bite brathogadj that bites; biting brathuvb to stab, to wound; to sting; to bite brauadj brittle, frail, fragile; kindly; prompt braw (-iau) nm terror, dread, fright brawd1 (brodyr) nm brother; friar; brawd yng nghyfraith brother-in-law brawd2 (brodiau) nf judgment brawdgarwchnm brotherly love brawdmaethnm foster-brother brawdoladj brotherly, fraternal brawdoliaeth (-au) nf brotherhood, fraternity brawddeg (-au) nf sentence brawddeguvb to construct sentences brawlnm boast, brag; gabble, tattle brawychuvb to frighten, to terrify brawychusadj frightful, terrible brawychwrnm terrorist bre (-on, -oedd) nf hill, highland brebwl (-yliaid) nm blockhead; prattler brêcnm brake brecinm wort; spree breciovb to brake brecwast (-au) nmf breakfast brecwastavb to breakfast brech1nf eruption, pox; brech yr ieir chickenpox brech2adj f ofbrych brechdan (-au) nf slice of bread and butter brechiad (-au) nm inoculation, vaccination brechuvb to vaccinate, to inoculate bredych (-au, -ion) nm betrayal; fear; rascal bref (-iadau) nf lowing; bleat; bray breferad (-au) nm bellowing brefiad (-au) nm lowing; bleating brefuvb to low; to bleat; to bray bregnm guile, blemish, breach ▶ adj fragile, faulty bregliachvb to jabber bregusadj frail, brittle, rickety breichled (-au) nf bracelet breichrwy, breichrwyf (-au) nmf bracelet breindalnm royalty breiniovb to privilege, to enfranchise breinioladj privileged, free breinlen (-ni) nf charter breintalnm bonus; royalty breintiedigadj patented, patent breintiovb to privilege, to favour brenhinaiddadj kingly, regal brenhindodnm royalty brenhindref (-i) nf royal city brenhindy (-dai) nm royal palace brenhines (breninesau) nf queen brenhinfaincnf throne brenhiniaeth (breniniaethau) nf kingdom brenhinllysnm basil brenhinoladj royal, regal brenin (-hinoedd) nm king brest (-iau) nf breast, chest bresychnpl (nf-en) cabbages brethyn (-nau) nm cloth brethynnwr (-ynwyr) nm clothier; cloth-worker breuan (-au) nf quern; print of butter breudernm brittleness, frailty breuddwyd (-ion) nmf dream; breuddwyd gwrach wishful thinking breuddwydiovb to dream breuddwydioladj dreaming, dreamy breuddwydiwr (-wyr) nm dreamer brëyr, brehyr (brehyrion, -iaid) nm nobleman, chief, baron brinm honour, renown, distinction briallunpl (nfbriallen) primroses bribysnpl fragments, scraps bricsennf brick bricyllennf apricot bridnm breed bridiovb to breed brifovb to hurt brig (-au) nm top; (pl) twigs brigâd (-au) nfbrigade; brigâd dân fire-brigade briger (-au) nm hair of head; top brigovb to top; to branch brigogadj branching; flourishing brigwynadj white-topped, white-crested brigyn (brigau) nm twig brith (fbraith) adj mottled, speckled brithovb to mottle, to speckle; to dazzle Brithwr (-wyr) nm Pict brithyll (-od, -iaid) nm trout briwadj broken, bruised, sore ▶ nm (-iau) wound, sore briwfwydnm crumbs, mince briwgignm mince briwlawnm drizzling rain briwliovb to broil briwovb to wound, to hurt briwsionnpl (nm-yn) crumbs, fragments briwsionivb to crumble briwsionynnm crumb briwsyn (briwsion) nm crumb, morsel bro (-ydd) nf land; region; vale broch1nm badger broch2nm froth, anger, tumult brochivb to chafe, to fume; to bluster brochusadj fuming; blustering brodiovb to embroider; to darn brodor (-ion) nm native; fellow countryman brodoroladj native, indigenous broga (-od) nm frog brolnf boast, brag broliantnm blurb broliovb to boast, to brag, to vaunt broliwr (-wyr) nm boaster, braggart bron1 (-nau, -nydd) nf breast; hillside bron2adv almost, nearly, practically; o’r bron completely, in succession bronfraith (-freithod) nf thrush brongoch (-iaid) nmf robin redbreast bronwennf weasel brunm womb brud (-iau) nm chronicle; divination brudiovb to prognosticate, to divine brudiwr (-wyr) nm wizard, soothsayer brwdadj hot, fervent ▶ nm boil, heat brwdfrydeddnm ardour, enthusiasm brwdfrydigadj ardent, enthusiastic brwmstannm brimstone, sulphur brwmstanaiddadj sulphury brwnt (fbront) adj foul, nasty, dirty; harsh brwyd1 (-au) nm embroidering frame; skewer brwyd2adj variegated; bloodstained; shattered brwydovb to embroider; to tear, to consume brwydr (-au) nf battle, combat brwydrovb to battle, to combat brwydrwr (-wyr) nm fighter, combatant brwydwaithnm embroidery brwyliovb to broil brwynnm grief, sadness brwynen (brwyn) nf rush brwynogadj rushy brwysgadj drunk; vigorous brycan, brecan (-au) nfm blanket, rug brych (fbrech) adj mottled, brindled, freckled ▶ nm the afterbirth of a cow brychaunpl (nm-euyn) spots, freckles brycheulydadj spotted, brindled brycheuynnm spot brychninm spots, freckles brychuvb to spot, to freckle brydnm mind, heart, will brydiovb to burn, to inflame, to boil, to throb brygawthanvb to jabber, to prate, to rant bryn (-iau) nm hill bryncyn (-nau) nm hillock bryniogadj hilly brynti, bryntninm filthiness, filth brysnm haste, hurry brysiovb to hasten, to hurry brysiogadj hurried, hasty bryslythyr (-au) nm dispatch brysneges (-au) nf telegram brytheiriovb to belch; to utter oaths, threats etc Brython (-iaid) nm Briton, Welshman Brythonegnf British language, Welsh brythwchnm storm, tumult; groan brywedduvb to brew brywesnm brewis bual (buail) nm buffalo, drinking horn buanadj fast, quick, swift, fleet; soon buander, buandranm swiftness, speed buandroedadj swift-footed buarth (-au) nm yard buchdraeth (-au) nf biography, memoir buchedd (-au) nf life, conduct bucheddoladj right-living, virtuous buchedduvb to live, to flourish buches (-au) nf herd of cows buchfrechuvb to vaccinate budradj dirty, filthy, foul, vile budreddinm filthiness, filth budrovb to dirty, to soil, to foul budd (-ion) nm benefit, profit, gain buddai (-eiau) nf churn buddel (-wydd) nmf cow-house post, pillar buddiant (-iannau) nm interest buddiovb to profit, to avail buddioladj profitable, beneficial, useful buddioldebnm profitableness, expediency buddrannf dividend buddsodd (-ion), buddsoddiad (-au) nm investment buddsoddivb to invest buddugoladj winning, victorious buddugoliaeth (-au) nf victory buddugoliaethusadj victorious, triumphant buddugwr (-wyr) nm winner, victor bugail (-eiliaid) nm shepherd; pastor bugeiles (-au) nf shepherdess bugeiliaeth (-au) nf pastorate bugeilio, bugeiliavb to watch, to shepherd bugeilioladj pastoral bugunadnm bellowing, roar bunnf maid, maiden burgyn (-nod, iaid) nm carcass, carrion burman, burumnm barm, yeast busnes (-ion) nmf business busnesavb to interfere, to meddle busnesgar, busneslydadj meddlesome bustach (-tych) nm bullock, steer bustachuvb to buffet about, to bungle bustlnm gall, bile bustlaiddadj like gall; bitter as gall buwch (buchod) nf cow; buwch goch gota ladybird bwa (bwâu) nm bow; arch bwaogadj arched, vaulted bwbach (-od) nm bugbear, bogey, scarecrow bwced (-i) nmf bucket bwci (-ïod) nm bugbear, bogey, ghost bwcl (byclau) nm buckle bwcled (-au) nf buckler bwch (bychod) nm buck; bwch dihangol scapegoat; bwch gafr he-goat Bwdhaethnf Buddhism Bwdhaiddadj Buddhist bwgan (-od) nm bogey, ghost, scarecrow bwgwl (bygylau) nm threat, menace bwgwthseebygwth, bygythio bwhwmanvb to beat about; to vacillate bŵl (bylau) nm globe, ball, knob bwlch (bylchau) nm gap; pass; notch bwled (-i) nf bullet Bwlgarianf Bulgaria bwn (bynnoedd, byniaid) nm bittern bwndel (-i) nm bundle bwngler (-iaid) nm bungler bwngleravb to bungle bwngleraiddadj bungling, clumsy bwnglerwaithnm bungle, botch bwnglerwchnm clumsiness bwr (byr) adj fat, big, strong bwrdais (-deisiaid) nm burgess bwrdeistref (-i) nf borough bwrdd (byrddau) nm table; deck; board; bwrdd du black-board bwrglernm burglar bwrgleravb to burgle bwrgleriaethnf burglary bwriad (-au) nm purpose, intention bwriadoladj intentional bwriaduvb to purpose, to intend bwrlwm (byrlymau) nm bubble; gurgling bwrn (byrnau) nm burden, incubus; bale bwrwvb to cast, to shed; to strike; to imagine, to suppose; to spend ▶ nm cast, throw; woof bws (bysiau, bysys) nm bus; bws mini minibus bwtler (-iaid) nm butler bwtrinm buttery, pantry, dairy bwth (bythod) nm hut, booth, cot bwthyn (bythynnod) nm cottage, cabin, hut bwyall (bwyeill), bwyell (bwyeill) nf axe bwyd (-ydd) nm food; bwyd sothach junk food; bwyd sydyn fast food bwyda, bwydovb to feed bwydlennf menu bwyd-offrwm (-ymau) nm meat-offering bwydwr (-wyr) nm feeder bwygilyddadv (from one) to the other bwylltid (-au) nm swivel bwyllwr, bwyllwrw (-yriau) nm provisions for journey bwysel (-au, -i) nm bushel bwystfil (-od) nm (wild) beast bwystfilaiddadj brutal bwystfiles (-au) nf beast bwytavb to eat; to corrode bwytadwyadj eatable, edible bwytäwr (-wyr) nm eater bwyteigadj greedy, voracious bwyty (-tai, -tyau) nm restaurant bychan (fbechan) adj little, small bychander, bychandranm littleness, smallness bychanuvb to belittle, to minimize bychanusadj derogatory byd (-oedd) nm world; state; life bydaf (-au) nmf beehive byd-eangadj worldwide bydiovb to live, to fare bydoladj worldly, secular bydolddyn (-ion) nm worldling bydolrwyddnm worldliness bydwraig (-wragedd) nf midwife bydwreigiaethnf midwifery bydysawdnm universe byddag (-au) nf running knot, noose byddaradj deaf ▶ nm (-iaid, byddair) deaf person byddardodnm deafness byddaroladj deafening byddaruvb to deafen, to stun byddin (-oedd) nf army, host byddinovb to set army in array, to embattle byddinogadj with armies bygwthvb to threaten, to menace ▶ nm (-ythion, -ythiau) threat, menace bygythiad (-au) nm threat; bygythiad bom bomb scare bygythiovb to threaten, to menace bygythioladj threatening, menacing byl (-au) nfm edge, brim (of vessel); hyd y fyl to the brim bylb (-au) nm bulb bylchogadj gapped, gappy; notched bylchuvb to make a gap, to breach; to notch byngalo (-s, -au) nm bungalow bynnagpron -ever, -soever bynsennf bun byr (fber) adj short, brief byrbryd (-iau) nm luncheon, snack byrbwylladj impulsive, rash byrbwylltranm impulsiveness byrder, byrdranm shortness, brevity byrdwnnm burden, refrain, chorus byrddaid (-eidiau) nm tableful byrddiovb to board byrddiwr (-wyr) nm boarder byrfoddnm abbreviation byrfyfyradj impromptu byrgornadj shorthorn byrgyrnm burger byrhauvb to shorten, to abridge byrhoedlogadj short-lived byrlymuvb to bubble, to gurgle byrllysg (-au) nmf mace byrnio (-u) vb to bale, to bundle byrnwr (-wyr) nm baler byrstiovb to burst bys (-edd) nm finger; toe; hand of dial, latch bysaid (-eidiau) nm pinch bysedduvb to finger bysled, bysledr (-au) nm finger-stall bythadv ever, for ever ▶ nm eternity bytheiad (-aid) nm hound bytheiriovb to belch, to threaten bythgofiadwyadj memorable bytholadj everlasting, eternal, perpetual bytholivb to perpetuate bytholwyrdd (-ion) adj, nm evergreen bythynnwr (-ynwyr) nm cottager bywvb to live ▶ adj alive, living, quick ▶ nm life bywgraffiad (-au) nm biography bywgraffiadoladj biographical bywgraffiadur (-on) nm biographical dictionary bywgraffydd (-ion) nm biographer bywgraffyddoladj biographical bywhau, bywiocáuvb to animate, to vivify, to quicken bywiadnm seebywad bywiogadj lively, animated, vivacious bywiogivb to enliven, to animate bywioladj living, animate bywoliaeth (-oliaethau) nf living bywyd (-au) nm life bywydegnf biology bywydegwr (-wyr) nm biologist bywydfad (-au) nm lifeboat bywydoladj of life, vital bywyn (-nau) nm pith, core c (#) cabaetsnpl (nfcabaetsen) cabbage caban (-au) nm cabin cabidwlnm consistory, chapter cabl (-au) nm blasphemy, reviling cabledd (-au) nm blasphemy cableddusadj blasphemous cabluvb to blaspheme, to revile cablwr (-wyr), cablydd (-ion) nm blasphemer cabolivb to polish cacamwcinm burdock cacen (-nau, -ni) nf cake cacwnnpl (nfcacynen) wasps; wild bees cachfa (-feydd) nf excretion; closet cachgi (-gwn) nm coward; sneak cachiadnm excretion; jiffy; coward cachlydadj befouled, dirty cachuvb to defecate cachwr (-wyr) nm coward; sneak; one who excretes cad (-au, -oedd) nf battle; army, host cadach (-au) nm cloth, kerchief, clout cadair (-eiriau) nf chair, seat; cradle; udder cadarn (cedyrn) adj strong, mighty; firm cadarnhadnm affirmation, confirmation cadarnhaoladj affirmative cadarnhauvb to strengthen, to confirm cadeirfardd (-feirdd) nm chaired bard cadeiriovb to chair cadeiriogadj chaired cadeirioladj pertaining to a chair, cathedral cadeirydd (-ion) nm chairman cadernidnm strength; stability cadfarch (-feirch) nm war-horse cadfridog (-ion) nm general cadfwyall (-eill, -yll) nf battle-axe cadlas (-lesydd) nf close, enclosure cadlong (-au) nf warship, battleship cadlys (-oedd) nf camp, headquarters cadno (cadnoid, cadnawon) nm fox cadnöes, cadnawes (-au) nf vixen cadoediad (-au) nm armistice, truce cadofydd (-ion) nm tactician, strategist cadofyddiaethnf tactics, strategy cadofyddoladj tactical, strategic cadwvb to keep, to preserve, to save; to hold; cadw’n heini to keep fit cadwedigadj saved cadwedigaethnf salvation cadw-mi-geinm money-box cadwraethnf keeping; observance; conservation cadwyn (-au, -i) nf chain cadwynovb to chain cadwynogadj chained, in chains caddugnm darkness; mist, fog caddugovb to darken, to obscure cae (-au) nm field; fence, hedge; brooch caead (-au) nm cover, lid ▶ adj shut, closed caeadle (-oedd) nm enclosure caeedigadj closed, fenced caelvb to have; to get; to find caen (-au) nf surface; peel; coating caenen (-nau) nf layer, film, flake caentach (-au) nf wrangle, grumbling ▶ vb to wrangle, to grumble caenuvb to coat, to finish caer (-au, ceyrydd) nf wall; castle; city Caerdyddnf Cardiff Caeredinnf Edinburgh caeriwrchnm roebuck caerogadj walled, fortified; brocaded Caersalemnf Jerusalem caethadj bound, captive, confined ▶ nm (-ion) bondman, slave; caeth i gyffuriau addicted to drugs caethdernm strictness; restraint; asthma caethfab (-feibion) nm slave caethfasnachnf slave-trade caethferch (-ed) nf slave caethforwyn (-forynion) nf slave caethgludnf captivity caethgludiad (-au) nm captivity caethgludovb to lead captive caethiwednm slavery, bondage, captivity, detention caethiwovb to bind, to confine, to enslave caethiwusadj confining; confined, tied caethlong (-au) nf slave-ship caethwas (-weision) nm slave caethwasanaeth, caethwasiaethnm slavery cafell (-au) nf cell; sanctuary, oracle cafn (-au) nm trough, gutter cafneddnm concavity cafnio, cafnuvb to hollow out, to scoop, to gouge cafodseecawod caffaelvb to get, to obtain caffaeleddnm availability; acquisitiveness caffaeliad (-au) nm acquisition, asset; prey, spoil caffe (-s), caffi (-s) nm café, restaurant; caffe rhyngrwyd internet café, cybercafé caffiovb to snatch, to grapple cafflovb to cheat; to entangle caglnm clotted dirt cagluvb to befoul, to bedraggle cangell (-hellau) nf chancel cangelloriaethnf chancellorship cangen (-hennau) nf branch, bough canghellor (cangellorion) nm chancellor canghennogadj branching canghennuvb to branch, to ramify caib (ceibiau) nf pickaxe, mattock cail (ceiliau) nf sheepfold, flock of sheep caill (ceilliau) nf testicle cainadj fair, fine, elegant cainc (cangau, ceinciau) nf branch; strand; strain cais (ceisiadau) nm application; attempt; try cal, cala (-iau) nf penis calan (-nau) nm first day of month; Dydd Calan New Year’s Day calcwlws (calcwli) nm calculus calchnm lime calchaiddadj calcareous calchbibonwynm stalactite calchbost (-byst) nm stalagmite calchennf limestone; lump of lime calchfaen (-feini) nm limestone calcho, calchuvb to lime caledadj hard; severe; harsh; dry caledfwrddnm hardboard caledinm hardness; hardship caleduvb to harden, to dry caledwchnm hardness calen (-nau, -ni) nf whetstone; bar calendrnm calendar calennignmf New Year’s gift calon (-nau) nf heart calondidnm encouragement calon-dyneradj tender-hearted calon-galedadj hard-hearted calon-galedwchnm hard-heartedness calonnogadj hearty; high-spirited calonogivb to hearten, to encourage calori (-ïau) nm calorie calsiwmnm calcium calladj wise, sensible, rational callestr (cellystr) nf flint callinebnm wisdom, sense cam1 (-au) nm step cam2adj crooked, wry; wrong ▶ nm (-au) injury, wrong cam-prefix wrong, mis- camarfervb to misuse, to abuse ▶ nmf (-ion) misuse, malpractice camargraffnfm wrong impression camarwainvb to mislead camarweinioladj misleading Cambodianf Cambodia cambren (-ni) nm swingletree camchwaraenm foul play camdafliad (-au) nm foul throw camdafluvb to foul throw camder, camdranm crookedness cam-drefnnf disorder camdreuliadnm indigestion camdreuliovb to mis-spend cam-drinvb to ill-treat, to abuse camdriniaeth (-au) nf ill-treatment camdystiolaeth (-au) nf false witness camdystiolaethuvb to bear false witness camddeallvb to misunderstand camddealltwriaethnm misunderstanding camddefnyddnm misuse camddefnyddiovb to misuse cameddnm bend, curvature; camedd y droed instep; camedd y gar knee-joint cameg (-au, cemyg) nf felloe camel (-od) nm camel camenw (-au) nm misnomer camenwivb to misname camera (camerâu) nm camera; camera digidol digital camera; camera fideo video camera camfa (-feydd) nf stile camfarnuvb to misjudge camgred (-oau, -au) nf misbelief, heresy camgreduvb to misbelieve camgredwr (-wyr) nm heretic camgwlnm penalty, fine; blame camgyfrifvb to miscalculate camgyhuddiad (-au) nm false accusation camgyhuddovb to accuse falsely camgymeriad (-au) nm mistake camgymrydvb to mistake, to err camlas (-lesi, -lesydd) nfm canal camliwiovb to misrepresent camochrivb to be offside camog (-au) nf felloe camp (-au) nf feat, exploit; game; prize campfa (-feydd) nf gymnasium campusadj excellent, splendid, grand campwaith (-weithiau) nm masterpiece, feat campwr (-wyr) nm champion camrenm walk, footstep(s) camsyniad (-au) nm mistake camsyniedvb to mistake camsynioladj mistaken camu1vb to bow, to bend, to stoop camu2vb to step, to stride camwedd (-au) nm iniquity, transgression camwedduvb to transgress camwrinm injury, wrong camymddwynvb to misbehave camymddygiad (-au) nm misconduct canadj white ▶ nm flour cân (caniadau, caneuon) nf song canabisnm cannabis Canadanf Canada cancrnm canker; cancer cancrovb to canker, to corrode candrylladj shattered, wrecked canfasiovb to canvass canfedadj hundredth canfodvb to see, to perceive, to behold canfyddadwyadj perceptible canfyddiadnm perception canhwyllbren (canwyllbrenni, -au) nmf candlestick canhwyllwr (canhwyllwyr) nm chandler caniad1nm singing; ringing; crowing caniad2 (-au) nf song, poem caniadaethnf singing, psalmody caniatâdnm leave, permission, consent caniataoladj permissive; granted caniatáuvb to permit, to allow caniedydd (-ion) nm singer, songster; song-book canlynvb to follow, to pursue canlyniad (-au) nm consequence, result canlynoladj following, consequent canlynwr (-wyr) nm follower canllaw (-iau) nfm hand-rail, parapet, aid canmlwyddiantnm centenary canmolvb to praise, to commend canmoladwyadj praiseworthy canmoliaeth (-au) nf praise, commendation canmoliaethusadj eulogistic, complimentary cannaidadj white, bright, luminous cannuvb to whiten, to bleach cannwr (canwyr) nm bleacher cannwyll (canhwyllau) nf candle canoladj, nm (-au) middle, centre, midst; canol y ddinas city centre canolbarth (-au) nm middle part, midland canolbwynt (-iau) nm centre, focus canolbwyntiovb to centre, to concentrate canoldir (-oedd) nm inland region canolddyddnm mid-day, noon canolfan (-nau) nmf centre; canolfan chwaraeon sports centre; canolfan galwadau call centre; canolfan iechyd health centre; canolfan ymwelwyr visitor centre canolivb to centre; to arbitrate; to centralize canoligadj middling canoloesoladj mediaeval canologadj central canolradd (-ol) adj intermediate canolwr (-wyr) nm mediator, referee; centre half, centre; canolwr blaen centre forward canon1 (-au) nfm canon (music) canon2 (-iaid) nm canon (priest) canonaiddadj canonical canoneiddiovb to canonize canoniaeth (-au) nf canonry canonwr (-wyr) nm canon, canonist canradd (-au) adj, nf centigrade, percentile canran (-nau) nm percentage canrif (-oedd) nf century cansen (-ni) nf cane cansernm cancer canslovb to cancel cant1 (-au) nm circle, ring, rim; tyre cant2 (cannoedd) nm hundred cantel (-au) nm rim, brim cantîn (cantinoedd) nf canteen cantor (-ion) nm singer cantores (-au) nf songstress, singer cantref (-i, -ydd) nm hundred cantwr (-orion) nm singer, songster cantwraignf songstress, singer canuvb to sing, to chant; to play; to crow; to ring ▶ nm, canu gwlad country music canŵ (-od) nm canoe canŵavb to canoe, to go canoeing ▶ nm canoeing canŵovb to canoe canwr (-wyr) nm singer canwriad (-iaid) nm centurion canwyr (-au, -ion) nm plane (in carpentry) canysconj because, for cap (-iau) nm cap capan (-au) nm cap; lintel capel (-i, -ydd, -au) nm chapel capelwr (-wyr) nm chapel-goer caplan (-iaid) nm chaplain caplaniaeth (-au) nf chaplaincy capteiniaethnf captaincy capten (-einiaid) nm captain car (ceir) nm car; car campau sports car; car cefn codi hatchback; car llog hire car câr (ceraint) nm friend; relation carafán (-nau) nf caravan carbohydrad (-au) nm carbohydrate carbon (-au) adj, nm carbon carbwladj clumsy, awkward carcovb to take care carcusadj solicitous, anxious, careful carchar (-au) nm prison; restraint carchardy (-dai) nm prison-house carchariadnm imprisonment carcharor (-ion) nm prisoner carcharuvb to imprison carden (cardiau) nf card cardigan (-au) nf cardigan cardod (-au) nf charity, alms, dole cardotavb to beg cardotyn (-wyr) nm beggar cardydwyn, cardodwynnm weakest of brood or litter caredigadj kind caredigrwyddnm kindness caregogadj stony careguvb to stone; to petrify; to gather stones carennyddnm friendship; kinship caretsen (carets) nf carrot carfaglogadj clumsy carfan (-au) nf beam; swath; party, faction cariad1 (-au) nm love cariad2 (-au, -on) nm lover, sweetheart cariadfabnm lover, sweetheart cariadferchnf sweetheart, mistress cariadlawnadj full of love, loving cariadusadj loving, beloved, dear caridým (-s) nm ragamuffin cariovb to carry, to bear carismatigadj charismatic cariwrnm carrier; y Cariwr Dŵr Aquarius carlam (-au) nm prance, gallop carlamuvb to prance, to gallop carlwm (-lymod) nm ermine, stoat carn1 (-au) nm hoof; hilt, haft, handle carn2 (-au), carnedd (-au) nf cairn cárnifalnm carnival carniforusadj carnivorous carnog, carnoladj hoofed carol (-au) nmf carol carp (-iau) nm clout, rag carped (-au, -i) nm carpet carpiogadj ragged, tattered carrai (careiau) nf lace, thong carreg (cerrig) nf stone cart (ceirt) nmf cart cartaid, certaid (-eidiau) nm cartful cartilag (-au) nm cartilage cartref (-i, -ydd) nm home, abode ▶ adj home-made; cartref henoed old people’s home; cartref symudol mobile home cartrefle (-oedd) nm abode cartreflunm militia cartrefoladj homely, domestic, home; civil cartrefuvb to make one’s home, to settle cartŵn (cartwnau) nm cartoon cartwnydd (-ion) nm cartoonist carth (-ion) nm tow, oakum; off-scouring carthen (-ni, -nau) nf Welsh blanket, coverlet; carthen blu duvet carthffos (-ydd) nf sewer carthffosiaethnf sewerage carthuvb to cleanse, to purge, to scavenge caruvb to love; to like; to court caruaiddadj loving, kind carw (ceirw) nm stag, deer carwden (-ni) nf back-chain; tall awkward fellow carwr (-wyr) nm lover, wooer carwriaeth (-au) nf courtship cas1adj hateful, odious; nasty, disagreeable ▶ nm hatred, aversion cas2 (caseion) nm hater, foe, enemy casáuvb to hate, to detest, to abhor casbeth (-au) nm aversion, nuisance caseg (cesig) nf mare casét (-iau) nm cassette casgen (-ni, casgiau) nf cask casglnfm collection casgliad (-au) nm collection; gathering casgluvb to collect, to gather; to infer casglwr (-wyr), casglydd (-ion) nm collector casinebnm hatred cast (-iau) nm vice, knack castan (-au) nf chestnut castanwyddnpl (nf-en) chestnut-trees castell (cestyll) nm castle castellogadj castled, castellated castelluvb to castle, to encamp castiovb to trick, to cheat; to cast, to calculate castiogadj full of tricks, tricky casul (-(i)au) nmf cassock caswirnm unpalatable truth casyn (casiau) nm case, casing cat (-iau) nm bit, piece, fragment; pipe catalog (-au) nm catalogue catalogiovb to catalogue catalydd (-ion) nm catalyst categori (-ïau) nm category catelcoll n chattels; cattle catgor (-(i)au) nm ember day(s) catrawd (-rodau) nf regiment cath (-od, -au) nf cat cathl (-au) nf melody, hymn, lay cathluvb to sing, to hymn cathod (-au) nf cathode catholigadj catholic Catholigiaethnf Catholicism catholigrwyddnm catholicity cau1adj hollow, concave cau2vb to shut, to close, to enclose caul (ceulion) nm maw; rennet; curd caw (-(i)au) nm band, swaddling-clothes cawdelnm hotchpotch, mess cawell (cewyll) nm hamper, basket, cradle cawellwr (-wyr) nm basket-maker cawg (-iau) nm basin, bowl, pitcher cawlnm broth, soup; hotchpotch cawnnpl (nf-en) reeds cawod (-ydd) nf shower cawodivb to shower cawodogadj showery cawr (cewri) nm giant cawraiddadj gigantic cawres (-au) nf giantess cawsnm cheese; curd cawsai, cawsinmf causeway cawsaiddadj cheesy, caseous cawsellt (-ydd, -i, -au) nm cheese-vat cawsiovb to curd, to curdle cawsiogadj curdled CCadv BC CD (-s, -au) nm CD cecianvb to stammer cecren (-nod) nf shrew, scold, cantankerous woman cecruvb to wrangle, to bicker cecrusadj cantankerous, quarrelsome cecryn (-nod) nm wrangler, brawler cedornmf pubic hair cedrwyddnpl (nf-en) cedars cefn (-au) nm back; support cefndedynnm mesentery; diaphragm, pancreas cefnder (-dyr) nm first cousin cefndir (-oedd) nm background cefnen (-nau) nf ridge cefnfor (-oedd) nm main sea, ocean cefngrwmadj hump-backed cefnogadj well-off, well-to-do cefnogaethnf encouragement, support cefnogivb to encourage, to support cefnogoladj encouraging cefnuvb to back, to turn the back, to forsake cefnwlad (-wledydd) nf hinterland cefnwr (-wyr) nm back, full-back ceffyl (-au) nm horse ceg (-au) nf mouth cegavb to mouth, to prate cegaid (-eidiau) nf mouthful cegen (-nau) nf gullet, windpipe cegid, cegiden (cegidau) nf green woodpecker, jay cegin (-au) nf kitchen cegrwthadj gaping cegyrnpl hemlock cengl (-au) nf band; girth; hank cengluvb to hank; to girth; to wind cei (-au) nm quay ceibiovb to pick with pickaxe ceidwad (-aid) nm keeper, saviour ceidwadaethnf conservatism; conservancy ceidwadoladj conservative Ceidwadwr (-wyr) nm Conservative ceiliagwydd (-au) nm gander ceiliog (-od) nm cock; ceiliog rhedyn grasshopper ceinach (-od) nf hare ceinciovb to branch out, to ramify ceinciogadj branched, branching ceindernm elegance, beauty ceiniog (-au) nf penny ceiniogwerth (-au, -i) nf pennyworth ceinionnpl beauties, gems ceintachvb to grumble, to croak ceintachlydadj querulous ceintachwr (-wyr) nm grumbler, croaker ceirch (nf-en) coll n oats ceiriosnpl (nf-en) cherries ceisbwl (-byliaid) nm catchpole, bailiff ceisiovb to seek; to ask; to try, to attempt, to endeavour; to fetch, to get cêladj hidden, concealed ▶ nm concealment ▶ npl kale celain (celanedd) nf dead body celaneddcoll n carnage, slaughter celcnfm concealment; hoard celf (-au) nf art, craft celfinpl (nm-cyn) tools, gear; furniture celfyddadj skilled, skilful celfyddgaradj ingenious; artistic celfyddwr (-wyr) nm artificer, artist celfyddyd (-au) nf art, craft; skill; celfyddydau graffig graphic arts celfyddydoladj relating to art/the Arts celuvb to hide, to conceal celwrn (-yrnau) nm tub, bucket, pail celwydd (-au) nm lie, falsehood, untruth celwyddginm liar celwyddogadj lying, mendacious; false celwyddwr (-wyr) nm liar celynnpl (nf-nen) holly cell (-oedd, -au) nf cell, chamber; celloedd cenhedlu germ cells; enyniad y celloedd cellulitis celli (cellïau, -ïoedd) nf grove cellogadj cellular cellwairvb to jest, to trifle ▶ nm fun cellweiriwr (-wyr) nm jester, trifler cellweirusadj playful, jocular cemegnm chemistry cemegoladj chemical cemegwr (-wyr), cemegydd (-ion) nm chemist cemegyn (cemegau) nm chemical cencoll n skin, peel, scales, scurf, film, lichen cenadwrinf message cenau (cenawon) nm cub, whelp; rascal cenedl (-hedloedd) nf nation; gender cenedlaetholadj national cenedlaetholdebnm nationalism cenedlaetholivb to nationalize cenedlaetholwr (-wyr) nm nationalist cenedl-ddyn (-ion) nm gentile cenedligrwyddnm nationality cenfaint (-feiniau) nf herd cenfigen (-nau) nf envy, jealousy cenfigennuvb to envy cenfigennus, cenfigenllydadj envious, jealous cenhadaeth (cenadaethau) nf mission cenhadoladj missionary cenhaduvb to permit; to propagate, to conduct a mission cenhadwr (-hadon) nm missionary cenhedlaeth (cenedlaethau) nf generation cenhedligadj gentile, pagan cenhedluvb to beget, to generate Cenianf Kenya cenllifnm flood, torrent, deluge cenllysgcoll n hailstones, hail cennad (-hadau, -hadon) nf leave; messenger cenninnpl (nf-hinen) leeks cennogadj scaly, scurfy cennuvb to scale, to scurf centimedr (-au) nm centimetre cêrnf gear, tools, trappings ceramegnmf ceramics ceramigadj ceramic cerbyd (-au) nm chariot, coach, car cerbydwr (-wyr) nm coachman cerdyn (cardiau) nm card; cerdyn adnabod identity card; cerdyn cof memory card; cerdyn crafu scratch card; cerdyn credyd credit card; cerdyn debyd debit card; cerdyn sweip swipe card cerdd (-i) nf song, poem; music, poetry cerddbrenninpl woodwinds cerddbresinpl brass section (orchestra) cerddedvb to walk; to go; to travel cerddediadnm walking, going; pace cerddgaradj harmonious, musical cerddin, cerdinnpl (nf-en) rowan cerddor (-ion) nm singer, musician cerddorfa (-feydd) nf orchestra cerddorfaoladj orchestral cerddoriaethnf music cerddoroladj musical cerddwr (-wyr) nm walker cerfddelw (-au) nf graven image, statue cerfiovb to carve cerflun (-iau) nm statue; engraving cerfluniaethnf sculpture cerflunydd (-lunwyr) nm sculptor cerfwaithnm carving, sculpture cern (-au) nf cheek, jaw cernod (-iau) nf buffet cernodiovb to buffet, to clout Cernywnm Cornwall cerpyn (carpiau) nm clout, rag cerryntnmf course, road; current cert (-i) nf cart certiwr (-wyr) nm carter certhadj right; awful cerub, ceriwb (-iaid) nm cherub cerwyn (-i) nf tub; vat; winepress cerydd (-on) nm correction, chastisement; rebuke, reproof, censure ceryddoladj chastising, chastening cerydduvb to correct, to chastise; to rebuke ceryddwr (-wyr) nm chastiser; rebuker cesail (-eiliau) nf arm-pit; bosom cesairnpl, coll n hailstones, hail cest (-au) nf belly, paunch cestogadj corpulent cetyn (catiau) nm piece, bit; pipe cethinadj dark, fierce, ugly ceubren (-nau) nm hollow tree ceubwll (-byllau) nm pit ceudodnm cavity; abdomen; thought, heart ceudwllnm cavern ceufadnm canoe ceuffordd (-ffyrdd) nf tunnel ceuffos (-ydd) nf drain, ditch ceugrwmadj concave ceulan (-nau, -lennydd) nf bank, brink ceulovb to curdle, to coagulate ceunant (-nentydd) nm ravine, gorge cewyn (-nau, cawiau) nm napkin ci (cŵn) nm dog, hound ciaiddadj dog-like; brutal cib (-au) nm pod, husk cibddalladj purblind cibovb to frown, to scowl cibogadj scowling cibws, cibwstnf kibes, chilblains cibwts (-au) nm kibbutz cibyn (-nau) nm shell; husk; half a bushel cic (-iau) nfm kick; cic gychwyn kick-off ciciovb to kick ciciwr (-wyr) nm kicker cidwm (-ymiaid, -ymod) nm wolf; rascal cieidd-dranm brutality cig (-oedd) nm flesh, meat cigfran (-frain) nf raven cignoethadj touching to the quick, caustic cigogadj fleshy cigwain (-weiniau) nf flesh-hook cigydd (-ion) nm butcher cigyddiaethnf butchery cigysoladj carnivorous cigysydd (-ion) nm carnivore cil (-iau, -ion) nm back; retreat; corner cilagorvb to open partly cilagoredadj ajar cilbost (cilbyst) nm gate-post cilchwyrnnpl (nf-en) glands cildrem (-iau) nf leer cildremiovb to leer cildroivb to reverse cildwrnnm tip, bribe cildynadj obstinate, stubborn cildynnuvb to be obstinate cildynnusadj obstinate, stubborn cildynrwyddnm obstinacy cilddant (-ddannedd) nm molar cilfach (-au) nf nook; creek, bay cilfilyn (-filod) nm ruminant cilgantnm crescent cilgnoivb to chew the cud, to ruminate cilgwthiovb to push, to shove, to jostle cilgynnyrch (-gynhyrchion) nm by-product ciliovb to retreat, to recede, to swerve cilonm kilo cilocalori (-ïau) nm kilocalorie cilogram (-au) nm kilogram cilomedr (-au) nm kilometre cilowatnm kilowatt cilwen (-au) nf half smile cilwenuvb to simper, to smile, to leer cilwg (-ygon) nm frown, scowl cilydd (-ion) nm fellow, companion cilyddoladj reciprocal cimwch (-ychiaid) nm lobster ciniawavb to dine cinio (ciniawau) nm dinner; cinio gwadd dinner party cip (-ion) nm pluck, snatch; glimpse cipdrem (-iau) nfm glance, glimpse cipedrychvb to glance, to glimpse cipiovb to snatch cipiwr (-wyr) nm snatcher cipolwgnmf glance, glimpse ciprysnm scramble cis (-iau) nmf buffet; slap, touch cist (-iau) nf chest, coffer, box; bin ciw (-iau) nm cue, queue ciwbnm cube ciwedcoll n rabble, mob, crew ciwrad (-iaid) nm curate ciwtadj cute, clever, ingenious claddedigaeth (-au) nmf burial claddfa (-feydd) nf burial-ground, cemetery claddgellnf vault cladduvb to bury claearadj lukewarm, tepid; mild; cool claearinebnm lukewarmness claearuvb to make mild or tepid; to soothe claeradj clear, bright, shining claerdernm clearness, brightness claf (cleifion) adj sick, ill ▶ nm sick person, patient clafdy (-dai) nm hospital, infirmary clafrnm itch, mange clafrllydadj mangy clafychuvb to sicken, to fall ill clai (cleiau) nm clay clais (cleisiau) nm stripe; bruise clamp (-iau) nm mass, lump; monster clap (-iau) nm lump clapgi (-gwn) nm telltale clapiovb to lump; to strike; to gossip clapiogadj lumpy clasnm monastic community, cloister, college clasur (-on) nm classic clasuroladj classical clauadj quick, swift, soon; true; audible clawdd (cloddiau) nm hedge; dyke, embankment clawr (cloriau) nm face, surface; cover, lid; board clebar, clebernmf idle talk, gossip, tattle clebranvb to chatter, to gossip, to tattle clec (-iau, -s) nf click; clack; crack; gossip cleci (-cwn) nm telltale clecianvb to click; to clack; to crack, to snap cledr (-au) nf pole; rail; palm (of hand) cledren (-nau, -ni) nf pale, pole, rail cleddyf, cleddau, cledd (cleddyfau) nm sword; brace cleddyfwr (-wyr) nm swordsman clefyd (-au) nm disease; fever; clefyd melys diabetes; clefyd y galon heart disease; clefyd y gwair hay fever clegarvb to clack, to cluck, to cackle clegyr, clegrnm rock; cairn, stony place cleiogadj clayey cleiriachnm decrepit one cleisiovb to bruise cleisiogadj bruised clem (-iau) nf notion, idea; look, gaze ▶ pl grimaces clep (-iau) nf clack, clap; gossip clepgi (-gwn) nm babbler; telltale clepianvb to clap; to slam; to blab clêr1coll n itinerant minstrels; bards clêr2npl (nfcleren) flies cleravb to stroll as minstrels clerc (-od) nm clerk clerciovb to serve as clerk clerennf fly clerigoladj clerical clerigwr (-wyr) nm clergyman clerwr (-wyr) nm itinerant minstrel clerwriaethnf minstrelsy clewt (-iau) nm clout clewtianvb to clout clic (cliciau) nm clique clicied (-au) nf clicker; trigger clicieduvb to latch, to fasten cliciovb to click; clicio dwywaith double-click clindarddachvb to crackle ▶ nm crackling clinig (-au) nm clinic cliradj clear cliriovb to clear clo (cloeau, cloeon) nm lock, conclusion clobennf monster clobynnm monster cloc (-iau) nm clock; cloc larwm alarm clock clocianvb to cluck clocsiaunpl (nfclocsen) clog cloch (clych, clychau) nf bell; o’r/ar gloch o’clock clochaiddadj sonorous, noisy clochdarvb to cluck, to cackle clochdy (-dai) nm belfry, steeple clochydd (-ion) nm bell-man; sexton clod (-ydd) nmf praise, fame, renown clodforivb to praise, to extol clodwiwadj commendable, praiseworthy cloddfa (-feydd) nf quarry, mine cloddiovb to dig, to delve; to quarry, to mine cloddiwr (-wyr) nm digger, navvy cloëdigadj locked, closed cloer (-(i)au) nmf locker; niche; pigeon-hole cloffadj lame cloffivb to lame, to halt ▶ nm lameness cloffninm lameness cloffrwym (-au) nm fetter, hobble; cloffrwym y cythraul, cloffrwym y mwci great bindweed clog1 (-au) nmf cloak clog2 (-au) nf rock, precipice clogfaen (-feini) nm boulder clogwyn (-i) nm cliff, crag, precipice clogwynogadj craggy, precipitous clogyn (-nau) nm cloak, cape clogyrnaiddadj rough, rugged, clumsy cloivb to lock cloncnf clank; gossip ▶ adj addled clopa (-âu) nmf noddle; knob; club cloren (-nau) nf rump, tail clorian (-nau) nmf pair of scales cloriannuvb to weigh, to balance clorinnm chlorine clorinio, clorinaduvb to chlorinate clos1 (-ydd) nm yard clos2 (closau) nm pair of breeches clòsadj close closiovb to close, to near cludadwyadj portable cludair (-eiriau) nf heap, load, wood-pile cludiadnm carriage cludiant (-nnau) nm transport, haulage cludovb to carry, to convey cludwr (-wyr), cludydd (-ion) nm porter clul (-iau) nm knell clun (-iau) nf hip, haunch, thigh, leg; moor clurovb to rub, to smear clust (-iau) nfm ear; handle clustfeiniovb to prick up the ears; to eavesdrop clustfysnm little finger clustffôn (-ffonau) nm earphone clustlws (-lysau) nm earring clustnod (-au) nm earmark clustog (-au) nfm cushion, pillow clwb (clybiau) nm club clwcadj addled clwcianvb to cluck clwm (clymau) nm knot, tie clwpa (-od) nm knob, boss; club; dolt clws (fclos) adj pretty, nice clwstwr (clystyrau) nm cluster clwt (clytiau) nm patch, clout, rag clwyd (-au, -i, -ydd) nf hurdle; gate; roost clwydovb to roost clwyf (-au) nm wound; disease clwyfovb to wound clwyfusadj wounded; sore; sick clybodegnf acoustics clybodigadj acoustic clydadj warm, sheltered, snug, cosy clydwch, clydwrnm warmth, shelter clyfaradj clever; pleasant, agreeable clymblaid (-bleidiau) nf clique, cabal clymogadj knotty, entangled clymuvb to knot, to tie clytiovb to patch, to piece clytiogadj patched; ragged clytwaith (-weithiau) nm patchwork clywnm sense of hearing clywadwyadj audible clywedvb to hear; to feel; to taste; to smell clywedigaethnf hearing clywedoladj aural clywedydd (-ion) nm hearer, auditor clyweledadj audio-visual clywelediadnm audition cnaf (-on, -iaid) nm knave, rascal cnafaiddadj knavish, rascally cnaif (cneifion) nm shearing, fleece cnap (-iau) nm lump, knob, boss cnapan (-au) nm ball, bowl, kind of ball game cnapiogadj lumpy cnaunpl (nfcneuen) nuts cnawdnm flesh cnawdoladj carnal, fleshly, fleshy cneifiovb to shear, to fleece cneifiwr (-wyr) nm shearer cneuavb to nut cneuen (cnau) nf nut cnewyllyn (cnewyll) nm kernel, nucleus cnith (-iau, -ion) nm slight touch, blow; pluck cnonm bite, chewing, gnawing cnoc (-iau) nmf knock cnociovb to knock cnofa (-feydd) nf gnawing, pang cnofil (-od) nm rodent cnoivb to gnaw, to chew, to bite; to ache cnot (-iau) nm knot, bunch cnu (-au), cnuf (-iau) nm fleece cnud (-oedd) nf pack cnùl, cnul (-iau) nm knell cnwcnm knob cnwd (cnydau) nm crop; covering cnydfawradj fruitful, productive cnydiovb to crop, to yield increase cnydiogadj fruitful, productive cob (cobau) nf coat, cloak, robe còb (-iau) nm embankment; miser; wag; cob coban (-au) nf:coban nos nightshirt coblyn (-nod) nm sprite, goblin, imp cocos1npl cogs; olwyn gocos cog-wheel cocos2, cocsnpl (nfcocsen) cockles cochadj, nm red coch-gamnf robin cochi1vb to redden, to blush cochi2, cochdernm redness cochl (-au) nmf mantle, cloak cod (-au) nf bag, pouch codaid (-eidiau) nf bagful codivb to rise, to get up; to raise, to lift; to erect codiad (-au) nm rise, rising; erection codogadj baggy ▶ nmf (-ion) rich man; miser codwm (codymau) nm fall, tumble codwr (-wyr) nm riser; raiser, lifter; codwr canu precentor codymuvb to wrestle codymwr (-wyr) nm wrestler coddednm anger; grief coddivb to anger, to offend coed (-ydd) coll n wood, timber, trees coeden (coed) nf tree coediovb to timber coediogadj wooded, woody coedwig (-oedd) nf wood, forest coedwigaethnf forestry coedwigovb to forest coedwigwr (-wyr) nm woodman, forester coeddadj public coegadj empty, vain; one-eyed, blind coegddyn (-ion) nm fop, coxcomb, fool coegeddnm emptiness, silliness coegen (-nod) nf minx, coquette coegennaiddadj coquettish coegfalchadj vain, foppish coegivb to jeer at, to mock coeglydadj vain, sarcastic coegninm vanity; spite; sarcasm coegwr (-wyr) nm fool coegwychadj gaudy, garish, tawdry coegyn (-nod) nm coxcomb coel (-ion) nf belief, trust, credit coelbren (-nau, -ni) nm lot coelcerth (-i) nf bonfire, blaze coelgrefydd (-au) nf superstition coelgrefyddoladj superstitious coeliovb to believe, to credit, to trust coes (-au) nf leg, shank ▶ nfm handle; stem, stalk coetgaenm hedge; enclosure coetmon (-myn) nm lumberjack coetrefnf woodland, homestead coetsnm pushchair coethadj fine, refined; elegant coethdernm refinement, elegance coethivb to refine; to chastise; to babble coethwr (-wyr) nm refiner cof (-ion) nm memory; remembrance cofadail (-eiladau) nf monument cofbin (-nau) nm memory stick, pen drive cofeb (-ion) nf memorandum; memorial cof-gerdyn (cof-gardiau) nm memory card cofgolofn (-au) nf monument cofiadur (-on, -iaid) nm recorder cofiadwyadj memorable cofiannydd (-anyddion) nm biographer cofiant (-iannau) nm memoir, biography cofiovb to remember, to recollect cofl (-au) nf embrace; bosom coflaid (-eidiau) nf armful; bundle coflech (-au) nf memorial tablet cofleidiovb to embrace, to hug coflyfr (-au) nm record, chronicle cofnod (-ion) nm memorandum, minute cofnodivb to record, to register cofrestr (-au) nf register, roll cofrestrfanf registry cofrestruvb to register cofrestrydd (-ion) nm registrar cofroddnf souvenir cofusadj mindful cofweinivb to prompt cofweinydd (-ion) nm prompter coffavb to remember ▶ nm remembrance coffâdnm remembrance coffadwriaethnf remembrance, memory coffadwriaetholadj memorial coffáuvb to remember; to remind; to commemorate coffinm coffee coffr (-au) nm coffer, trunk, chest cog1 (-au) nf cuckoo cog2 (-au) nm cook coginiaethnf cookery coginiovb to cook cogiovb to cog; to sham, to feign, to pretend cogiwr (-wyr) nm pretender, swindler cogorvb to chatter, to caw, to croak ▶ nm chattering cogwrn (-yrnau, cegyrn) nm knob, cone; cock (of corn); shell cogydd (-ion) nm cook cogyddes (-au) nf cook cogyddiaethnf cookery congl (-au) nf corner col (-ion) nm awn, beard côlnf bosom, embrace coladuvb to collate coledd, coledduvb to cherish, to foster coleddwr (-wyr) nm cherisher, fosterer, patron, supporter coleg (-au) nm college; coleg chweched dosbarth sixth-form college; coleg technoleg dinasol city technology college colegoladj collegiate colegwr (-wyr) nm collegian coler (-i) nfm collar colfen (-nau, -ni) nf bough, branch; tree colofn (-au) nf column, pillar colofnyddnm columnist colomen (-nod) nf dove, pigeon colomendy (-dai) nm dove-cot colomennaiddadj dove-like coluddionnpl (nm-yn) bowels coluddynnm gut colur (-au) nm make-up, colour colurovb to make-up, to paint; to conceal colwyn (-od) nm puppy colyn (-nau) nm pivot; sting; tail colynnogadj stinging; hinged colynnuvb to sting coll (-iadau) nm loss; failing, defect colladwyadj perishable collddailadj deciduous colled (-ion) nfm loss colledigadj lost, damned colledigaethnf perdition colleduvb to occasion loss colledusadj fraught with loss colledwr (-wyr) nm loser collen (cyll) nf hazel collfarn (-au) nf doom, condemnation collfarnuvb to condemn collivb to lose; to be lost, to perish; to spill, to shed collnod (-au) nm apostrophe collwr (-wyr) nm loser coma (-s) nm comma côma (comâu) nm coma comed (-au) nf comet comedi (-ïau) nfm comedy comigadj comic, comical ▶ nm comic (paper) cominnm common comisiwn (-iynau) nm commission comisiynuvb to commission comiwnydd (-ion) nm communist comiwnyddiaethnf communism comiwnyddoladj communist conachvb to grumble conclafnm conclave concrovb to conquer concwerwr (-wyr) nm conqueror concwest (-au) nf conquest, victory condemniadnm condemnation condemniovb to condemn confensiwn (-iynau) nm convention conffederasiwn (-asiynau) nm confederation conffirmasiwnnm confirmation conffirmiovb to confirm conifferaiddadj coniferous cononm rascal; wag; old fogey consesiwn (-iynau) nm concession consol (-au) nm:consol gêmau games console consuriaethnf conjuring consuriovb to conjure consuriwr (-wyr) nm conjurer conwyddnpl (nf-en) coniferous trees cop, copyn (-nod, -nau) nm spider copa (-âu) nf top, crest; head copi (-ïau) nm copy; copy-book copïovb to copy, to transcribe copïwr (-wyr) nm copyist, transcriber coprnm copper cor (-rod) nm dwarf (offensive); spider côr (corau) nm choir; stall, pew; côr-feistr choirmaster corachaiddadj dwarfish, stunted Corânnm Koran corawladj choral corbwll (-byllau) nm whirlpool; puddle corcyn (cyrc) nm cork cord (-iau) nm cord; chord cordedduvb to twist, to twine corddivb to churn; to turn; to agitate corddiad (-au) nm churning corddwr (-wyr) nm churner Coreanf Korea cored (-au) nf weir, dam coreograffiaethnf choreography corfan (-nau) nm metrical foot corff (cyrff) nm body corfflu (-oedd) nm corps corffoladj corpulent; physical corffolaethnf bodily form; stature corfforaeth (-au) nf corporation corfforivb to embody, to incorporate corfforiad (-au) nm embodiment corfforoladj bodily, corporeal, corporal corgan (-au), côr-gân (côr-ganau) nf chant corganuvb to chant corgi (-gwn) nm cur, corgi corgimwch (-ychiaid) nm prawn corhwyad (-aid) nf teal; moorhen corlan (-nau) nf fold corlannuvb to fold corn (cyrn) nm horn; pipe, tube; roll; corn; stethoscope; corn gwddw(f), corn gwynt windpipe; corn siarad loudspeaker cornant (-nentydd) nm brook, rill cornboernm phlegm cornchwiglen (-chwiglod) nf lapwing cornel (-i, -au) nfm corner corneluvb to corner cornicyll (-od) nm lapwing, plover, peewit corniovb to horn, to butt; to examine with a stethoscope corniogadj horned cornwyd (-ydd) nm boil, abscess, sore coron (-au) nf crown coronivb to crown ▶ nm coronation coroniadnm coronation coronogadj crowned corrach (corachod) nm dwarf, pygmy corryn (corynnod) nm spider cors (-ydd) nf bog, swamp corsen (-nau, cyrs) nf reed; stem, stalk; cane cortyn (-nau) nm cord, rope corun (-au) nm crown of the head; tonsure corwg, corwgl (-yg(l)au) nm coracle corwsnm chorus corwynt (-oedd) nm whirlwind cosb (-au) nf punishment, penalty; cosb ddihenydd capital punishment cosbadwyadj punishable cosbedigaethnf punishment cosbivb to punish cosboladj punitive, penal cosbwr (-wyr) nm punisher cosfa (-feydd) nf itch, itching; thrashing cosivb to scratch, to itch ▶ nm itching cosmetigaunpl cosmetics cosmigadj cosmic Cosofonf Kosovo cost (-au) nf cost, expense costiad (-au) nm costing costiovb to cost costiwm (-tiymau) nmf costume costog (-ion) nm mastiff; cur ▶ adj surly costowci (-cwn) nm mastiff, mongrel costrel (-au, -i) nf bottle costrelaid (-eidiau) nf bottleful costreluvb to bottle costusadj costly, expensive cosyn (-nau, -nod) nm a cheese côt, cot (cotiau) nf coat cotwmnm cotton Coweitnf Kuwait cownter (-au, -i) nm counter cowntiovb to count, to account, to esteem crac (-iau) nm crack craciovb to crack craciogadj cracked crachnpl scabs ▶ adj scabby; petty crachachnpl snobs crachboernm phlegm crachennf scab crachfardd (-feirdd) nm poetaster crachfeddyg (-on) nm quack doctor crachfonheddwr (-wyr) nm snob crafangio, crafanguvb to claw, to grab crafanc (-angau) nf claw; talon; clutch crafelluvb to grate crafiad (-au) nm scratch crafogadj cutting, sarcastic crafuvb to scrape; to scratch ▶ nm itch crafwr (-wyr) nm scraper craffadj close; keen; sagacious ▶ nm hold, grip craffternm keenness, sagacity craffuvb to look closely, to observe intently craffusadj keen, sagacious cragen (cregyn) nf shell craiadj new, fresh, raw craidd (creiddiau) nm middle, centre craig (creigiau) nf rock crair (creiriau) nm relic craith (creithiau) nf scar cramen (-nau) nf crust, scab cramwythennf pancake cranc (-od) nm crab; y Cranc Cancer crandadj grand crandrwyddnm grandeur, finery crap (-iau) nm hold; smattering crapiovb to grapple; to pick up cras (creision) adj parched, dry; harsh crasiadnm baking craslydadj harsh, grating crasternm dryness; harshness crasuvb to parch, to scorch; to bake crau1 (creuau) nm hole, eye, socket crau2nmf blood, gore crau3 (creuau) nm sty; stockade crawcian, crawciovb to croak, to caw crawen (-nau) nf crust crawnnm matter, pus crawnivb to gather, to suppurate crawnllydadj purulent creadnm creation creadigaeth (-au) nf creation creadigoladj creative creadur (-iaid) nm creature; animal creadures (-au) nf female creature creawdwr (-wyr) nm creator crebachadj shrunk, withered crebachlydadj crabbed, wrinkled crebachuvb to shrink, to shrivel, to wrinkle, to pucker crebwyll (-ion) nm invention, understanding, fancy crecianvb to cluck; to crackle crechwennf loud laughter, guffaw crechwenuvb to laugh loud, to guffaw cred (-au) nf belief; trust; pledge, troth credadun (credinwyr) nm believer credadwyadj credible crediniaethnf belief credinioladj believing credo (-au) nmf creed, belief creduvb to believe credwr (-wyr) nm believer credyd (-on) nm credit credyduvb to credit crefadj f ofcryf crefuvb to crave, to beg, to implore crefydd (-au) nf religion crefyddavb to profess or practise religion crefyddoladj religious, pious crefyddoldernm religiousness, piety crefyddwr (-wyr) nm religionist crefft (-au) nf handicraft, trade; crefftau’r cartref DIY, do-it-yourself crefftusadj skilled, workmanlike crefftwaithnm craftwork crefftwr (-wyr) nm craftsman cregynnpl (nfcragen) shells creidernm freshness creifionnpl scrapings creigiogadj rocky creigiwr (-wyr) nm quarryman creigle (-oedd) nm rocky place creiniovb to wallow, to lie or fall down; to cringe creisionnpl flakes, crisps creithiovb to scar crempog (-au) nf pancake crensiovb to grind (the teeth) crepachadj numb ▶ nf numbness crestnm crust, scurf Cretanf Crete creuvb to create creulonadj cruel creulondeb (-derau) nm cruelty crëwr (crewyr) nm creator crëyr (crehyrod) nm heron cri1 (-au) nm cry, clamour cri2adj new, fresh, raw; unleavened criafol, criafolennf mountain ash crib (-au) nfm comb, crest; ridge cribddeiliovb to grab, to extort cribddeiliwr (-wyr) nm extortioner; speculator cribin (-iau) nfm rake; skinflint cribiniovb to rake cribovb to comb; to card cricednm cricket cricedwr (-wyr) nm cricketer cricsynnm cricket crimog (-au) nf shin crimp (-(i)au) nm shin crinadj withered, sear, dry crinovb to wither, to dry up crintach, crintachlydadj niggardly, stingy crintachrwyddnm niggardliness crintachuvb to scrimp, to skimp, to stint criovb to cry, to weep cripiovb to scratch; to climb, to creep cris-groesnf criss-cross crisial (-au) nm, adj crystal crisialuvb to crystallise Cristnm Christ Cristion (-ogion), Cristnogionnm Christian Cristionogaethnf Christianity Cristionogoladj Christian Cristnogaethnf Christianity Cristnogoladj Christian criw (-iau) nm crew crïwr (-wyr) nm crier Croatianf Croatia crocbont (-ydd) nf suspension bridge crocbren (-ni) nmf gallows, gibbet crocbris (-iau) nm exorbitant price crochadj loud, vehement crochan (-au) nm pot, cauldron crochanaid (-eidiau) nm potful crochenwaith (-weithiau) nm pottery crochenydd (-ion) nm potter croen (crwyn) nm skin; hide; peel, rind croendenauadj thin-skinned croeni, croeniovb to form skin, to skin over croes1 (-au) nf cross ▶ nm transept croes2 (-ion) adj cross, contrary croesair (-eiriau) nm crossword croesawgaradj hospitable croesawiadnm welcome, reception croesawuvb to welcome croesawusadj hospitable croesbren (-nau) nmf cross croes-ddweudvb to contradict croesfan (-nau) nf crossing; croesfan sebra zebra crossing croesffordd (-ffyrdd) nf crossroads croesgad (-au) nf crusade croesgadwr (-wyr) nm crusader croeshoeliadnm crucifixion croeshoeliovb to crucify croesholivb to cross-examine croesholiad (-au) nm cross-examination croesivb to cross croeslinoladj diagonal croesonm welcome croestorrivb to intersect croesymgroesadj criss-cross; vice-versa crofen (-nau, -ni) nf rind, crust crog (-au) nf cross, rood ▶ adj hanging crogivb to hang, to suspend croglath (-au) nf springe, snare, gibbet Croglithnfm:Dydd Gwener y Groglith Good Friday croglofft (-ydd, -au) nf garret; rood-loft crogwr (-wyr) nm hangman cronglwyd (-ydd) nf:tan fy nghronglwyd under my roof crombil (-iau) nf crop; gizzard; bowels cromen (-ni, -nau) nf dome cromfach (-au) nf bracket, parenthesis cromlech (-au, -i) nf cromlech cromlinnf curve cromosom (-au) nm chromosome cronadj f ofcrwn cronfa (-feydd) nf reservoir; fund; cronfa ddata database cronicl (-au) nm chronicle croniclovb to chronicle cronnell (cronellau) nf sphere, globe cronnivb to collect, to hoard; to dam cronolegoladj chronological cropianvb to creep, to crawl, to grope crosiet (-au, -i) nm crotchet croth (-au) nf womb; calf (of leg) croywadj clear, plain, distinct; fresh croywdernm clearness; freshness croywivb to clear; to freshen crud (-au) nm cradle crug (-iau) nm hillock; tumulus; heap; multitude; abscess, blister cruglwyth (-i) nm heap, pile cruglwythovb to heap, to pile up; to overload crugovb to fester, to vex, to plague crwban (-od) nm tortoise, turtle crwcaadj crooked, bowed, bent crwm (fcrom) adj convex, curved, bowed crwn (fcron) adj round; complete crwner (-iaid) nm coroner crwsâd (-adau) nmf crusade crwst (crystiau) nm crust crwt (cryts) nm boy, lad crwth (crythau) nm crowd, fiddle; purring; hump crwybrnm honeycomb; mist; hoarfrost crwydrnm wandering; ar grwydr astray crwydrovb to wander, to stray, to roam crwydrol, crwydrusadj wandering crwydrwr (-wyr) nm rambler; wanderer, rover crwydryn (-riaid) nm vagrant, tramp crwysnf cross, crucifix; dan ei grwys laid out for burial crybwyllvb to mention ▶ nm (-ion) mention crybwylliadnm mention, notice crychadj rippling; curly; quavering ▶ nm (-au) crease, ripple, wrinkle crychlais (-leisiau) nm trill, tremolo crychlydadj wrinkled, puckered crychnaid (-neidiau) nf leap, gambol crychneidiovb to skip, to frisk crychninm curliness; wrinkle crychuvb to wrinkle, to pucker; to ruffle, to ripple cryd (-iau) nm shivering; fever; ague crydd (-ion) nm cobbler, shoemaker cryddavb to cobble cryf (fcref) adj strong cryfder, cryfdwrnm strength cryfhaoladj strengthening cryfhauvb to strengthen; to grow strong cryg (fcreg) adj hoarse cryglydadj hoarse, raucous crygninm hoarseness cryguvb to hoarsen cryman (-au) nm reaping-hook, sickle crymanwr (-wyr) nm reaper crymuvb to bow, to bend, to stoop crynadj considerable, much crŷn, crynnm, adj shivering cryndernm roundness cryndodnm trembling, shivering crynedigadj trembling, tremulous crynfa (-feydd) nf tremble, tremor crynhoad (-noadau) nm collection, digest crynhoivb to gather together, to collect crynoadj compact; neat, tidy crynodeb (-au) nm summary crynodivb to concentrate cryno ddisg (-iau) nm CD, compact disc crynswthnm mass, bulk, whole crynuvb to shiver, to tremble, to quake Crynwr (-wyr) nm Quaker crys (-au) nm shirt; crys chwys sweatshirt crysbais (-beisiau) nf jacket, jerkin crystyn (crystiau) nm crust crythor (-ion) nm fiddler, violinist cryw (-iau) nm creel; weir cuadj dear, fond, kind cuchiovb to scowl, to frown cuchiogadj scowling, frowning cudyll (-od) nm hawk cudyn (-nau) nm lock (of hair), tuft cuddadj hidden, concealed cuddfa (-feydd) nf hiding-place; hoard cuddiadnm hiding cuddiedigadj hidden, concealed cuddiovb to hide, to conceal cufydd (-au) nm cubit cul (-ion) adj narrow, lean culfor (-oedd) nm strait culhauvb to narrow; to grow lean culninm narrowness cunadj dear, beloved; lovely cunnog (cunogau) nf pail curnm throb, ache, pain; care, trouble curad (-iaid) nm curate curadiaeth (-au) nf curacy curfa (-feydd) nf beating, flogging curiad (-au) nm beat, throb, pulse curiovb to pine, to waste curlawnm pelting rain curn (-au), curnen (-nau) nf mound, core, rick curnennuvb to heap, to stack curovb to beat, to strike, to knock; to throb; to clap curwr (-wyr) nm beater curyll (-od) nm hawk cusan (-au) nmf kiss cusanuvb to kiss cut (-iau) nm hovel, shed, sty cuwch (cuchiau) nm scowl, frown CV (-s) nm CV cwafriovb to quaver, to trill cwar (-rau) nm quarry cwarelnm windowpane cwb (cybiau) nm kennel, coop, sty cwbladj, nm all, whole, total cwblhadnm fulfilment cwblhauvb to fulfil, to complete, to finish cwcer (-au) nm cooker cwcwnf cuckoo cwcwallt (-iaid) nm cuckold cwcwalltuvb to cuckold cwcwll (cycyllau) nm hood, cowl cwch (cychod) nm boat; hive; cwch gwyllt speed boat cwd (cydau) nm pouch, bag cweir (-iau) nm thrashing, hiding cweryl (-on) nm quarrel cwerylavb to quarrel cwerylgaradj quarrelsome cwest (-au) nm inquest cwestiwn (-iynau) nm question cwestiynuvb to question cwfaintnm convent cwflnm hood cwffiovb to fight, to box cwgn (cygnau) nm knot; knuckle; joint cwilt (-iau) nm quilt cwlbren (-ni) nm bludgeon cwlff (cylffiau), cwlffyn (cylffiau) nm chunk cwlwmseeclwm cwlltwr (cylltyrau) nm coulter cwm (cymau, cymoedd) nm valley cwmannm rump; stoop; churn cwmanuvb to stoop cwmni (-ïau, -ïoedd) nm company cwmnïaethnf companionship cwmpas (-oedd) nm round; o gwmpas about cwmpasogadj round about, circuitous cwmpasuvb to round, to wind, to surround cwmpawd (-odau) nm compass cwmpeini, cwmpninm company cwmwd (cymydau) nm commot cwmwl (cymylau) nm cloud cŵnseeci cwndid (-au) nm song, carol cwningarnf warren cwningen (-ingod) nf rabbit cwnsel (-au, -oedd, -i) nm council; counsel, advice, secret cwnselavb to counsel cwnsler (-iaid) nm counsellor cwnstabl (-iaid) nm constable; cwnstabl heddlu PC, police constable; prif gwnstabl chief constable cworwmnm quorum cwota (-âu) nm quota cwpan (-au) nmf cup, goblet; chalice cwpanaid (-eidiau) nm cupful cwpl (cyplau) nm couple; tie beam cwplâd, cwpláuseecwblhad; cwblhau cwpled (-i, -au) nm couplet cwplws (cyplysau) nm coupling; brace cwpwrdd (cypyrddau) nm cupboard; cwpwrdd ffeilio filing cabinet cwr (cyrrau) nm edge, border, skirt cwrbynnm kerb cwrcwdnm stooping; squatting cwrdd1 (cyrddau) nm meeting cwrdd2, cwrddydvb to meet, to touch cwrelnm coral cwricwlwm (cwricwla) nm curriculum cwrlid (-au) nm coverlet cwrs (cyrsiau) nm course; fit; prif gwrs main course; cwrs hyfforddiant training course cwrt (cyrtiau) nm court cwrtaisadj courteous cwrteisi, cwrteisrwyddnm courtesy cwrw (cyrfau) nm ale, beer cwrwg, cwrwglseecorwg cwsgnm sleep cwsmer (-iaid) nm customer cwsmeriaethnf custom cwstard (-iau) nm custard cwstwm (cystymau) nm custom, patronage cwt1 (cytiau) nfm tail, skirt, queue cwt2 (cytiau) nm hut, sty cwtaadj short, curt cwter (-i, -ydd) nf gutter, channel cwtogivb to shorten, to curtail cwthr (cythrau) nm anus, rectum cwthwm (cythymau) nm puff of wind, storm cwymp (-au) nm fall, tumble cwympovb to fall; to fell cwyn (-ion) nfm complaint, plaint cwynfanvb to complain, to lament cwynfanllydadj querulous cwynfanusadj plaintive, mournful cwynovb to complain, to lament cwyrnm wax cwyrovb to wax cwys (-au, -i) nf furrow-slice, furrow cybôlnm nonsense, rubbish cybolfanf hotchpotch, medley cybolivb to muddle; to talk nonsense; to mess, to bother cybydd (-ion) nm miser, niggard cybyddavb to stint, to hoard cybydd-dod, cybydd-dranm miserliness cybyddlydadj miserly cycyllogadj hooded, cowled cychwr (-wyr) nm boatman cychwynvb to rise, to stir, to start; to switch on cychwynfanf start, starting-point cychwyniad (-au) nm start, beginning cydadj joint, united, common; fellow ▶ prefix together cydadroddvb to recite together cydaid (-eidiau) nm bagful cydbwyseddnm balance cydbwysovb to balance cyd-destun (-au) nm context cyd-drafodaethnf negotiation cyd-ddigwyddvb to coincide cyd-ddigwyddiadnm coincidence cydfodnm agreement, concord cydfodolaethnf coexistence cydfynedvb to go with, to concur, to agree cyd-fywvb to cohabit cydffurfiovb to conform cydgordiovb to agree, to harmonize cydgwmni (-ïau) nm consortium cydiedigadj adjoined cydiovb to join; to bite; to take hold cydletywr (-wyr) nm roommate, flatmate, housemate cydnabodvb to acknowledge ▶ nm acquaintance cydnabyddiaethnf acquaintance; recognition cydnabyddusadj acquainted; familiar cydnawsadj congenial cydnerthadj well set cydolnmf, adj whole cydraddadj equal cydraddoldebnm equality cyd-rhwngprep between cydsyniadnm consent cydsyniovb to consent cydwastadadj level (with), even cydweddogadj conjugal cydwedduvb to accord, to agree cydweithfa (-feydd) nf co-operative cydweithiovb to cooperate cydweithrediadnm co-operation cydweithredoladj co-operative cydweithreduvb to co-operate cydweledvb to agree cydwladoladj international cyd-wladwr (-wyr) nm compatriot cydwybod (-au) nf conscience cydwybodoladj conscientious cydwybodolrwyddnm conscientiousness cydymaith (cymdeithion) nm companion cydymdeimladnm sympathy cydymdeimlovb to sympathize cydymffurfiadnm conformity cydymffurfiovb to conform cydymgaisnm competition, rivalry, joint effort cydymgeisydd (-wyr) nm rival cyddwysiad (-au) nm condensation cyddwysovb to condense cyfadran (-nau) nf faculty (in college), period (in music) cyfaddasadj fit, suitable, convenient cyfaddasiad (-au) nm adaptation cyfaddasternm fitness, suitability cyfaddasuvb to fit, to adapt cyfaddawd (-odau) nm compromise cyfaddawduvb to compromise cyfaddefvb to confess, to own, to admit cyfaddefiad (-au) nm confession, admission cyfaenadnm harmonious song ▶ adj harmonious cyfagosadj near, adjacent, neighbouring cyfaill (-eillion) nm friend cyfair1 (-eiriau) nm acre cyfair2, cyfernm direction cyfalafnm capital cyfalafiaethnf capitalism cyfalafoladj capitalistic cyfalafwr (-wyr) nm capitalist cyfamod (-au) nm covenant cyfamodivb to covenant cyfamodoladj federal; covenanted cyfamodwr (-wyr) nm covenanter cyfamsernm meantime cyfamseroladj timely; synchronous cyfanadj, nm whole cyfandir (-oedd) nm continent cyfandiroladj continental cyfanfor (-oedd) nm main sea, ocean cyfanfydnm whole world, universe cyfangorffnm whole, bulk, mass cyfan gwbladj:yn gyfan gwbl altogether, completely cyfanheddoladj habitable, inhabited cyfanhedduvb to dwell, to inhabit cyfanneddadj inhabited ▶ nf (-anheddau) inhabited place, habitation cyfannoladj integrated, integral cyfannuvb to make whole, to complete cyfanrwyddnm wholeness, entirety cyfansawddadj composite, compound cyfansoddivb to compose, to constitute cyfansoddiad (-au) nm composition; constitution cyfansoddiadoladj constitutional cyfansoddwr (-wyr) nm composer cyfansoddyn (-ion) nm constituent, compound cyfanswm (-symiau) nm total cyfantoledd (-au) nm equilibrium cyfanwaith (-weithiau) nm complete composition, whole cyfanwerthnm wholesale cyfarchvb to greet, to salute, to address cyfarchiad (-au) nm greeting, salutation cyfaredd (-ion) nf charm, spell cyfareddoladj enchanting cyfaredduvb to charm, to enchant cyfarfodvb to meet ▶ nm (-ydd) meeting cyfarfyddiad (-au) nm meeting cyfarparnm provision, equipment; diet; cyfarpar rhyfel munitions of war cyfarparuvb to equip cyfartaladj equal, even cyfartaleddnm proportion, average cyfartaluvb to proportion, to equalize cyfarthvb, nm to bark cyfarwyddadj skilled; familiar ▶ nm (-iaid) storyteller cyfarwyddovb to direct; to become familiar cyfarwyddwr (-wyr) nm director cyfarwyddyd (-iadau) nm direction, instruction cyfataladj unsettled, hindering cyfatebvb to correspond, to agree, to tally cyfatebiaeth (-au) nf correspondence, analogy cyfateboladj corresponding, proportionate cyfathrach (-au) nf affinity; intercourse cyfathrachuvb to have intercourse cyfathrachwr (-wyr) nm kinsman cyfathreb (-au) nm communication cyfathrebuvb to communicate cyfddyddnm day-break, dawn cyfeb, cyfebradj pregnant (of mare, ewe) cyfeboladj in foal cyfeddach (-au) nf carousal cyfeddachwr (-wyr) nm carouser cyfeiliantnm musical accompaniment cyfeiliovb to accompany cyfeiliornnm error; wandering, lost (person etc); ar gyfeiliorn astray cyfeiliornad (-au) nm error, heresy cyfeiliornivb to err, to stray cyfeiliornusadj erroneous, mistaken cyfeilydd (-ion) nm accompanist cyfeillach (-au) nf fellowship; fellowship-meeting cyfeillachuvb to associate cyfeilles (-au) nf female friend cyfeillgaradj friendly cyfeillgarwchnm friendship cyfeiriad (-au) nm direction; reference; (postal) address; cyfeiriad ebost email address; cyfeiriad gwe web address cyfeiriannunm orienteering cyfeiriovb to point; to direct; to refer; to address (letter) cyfeirnod (-au) nm mark of reference; aim; direct (in music) cyfeirydd (-ion) nm indicator, guide cyfenw (-au) nm surname; namesake cyfenwivb to surname cyfernm: ar gyfer opposite, for cyferbynadj opposite cyferbyniad (-au) nm contrast cyferbynioladj opposing, opposite, contrasting cyferbynnuvb to contrast, to compare cyfesurynnm coordinate cyfetholvb to co-opt cyfiaithadj of the same language cyfiawnadj just, righteous cyfiawnder (-au) nm justice, righteousness cyfiawnhadnm justification cyfiawnhauvb to justify cyfieithiad (-au) nm translation, version cyfieithuvb to translate, to interpret cyfieithydd (-wyr) nm translator, interpreter cyfisoladj of the present month, instant cyflafan (-au) nf outrage; massacre cyflafareddiadnm arbitration cyflafaredduvb to arbitrate cyflafareddwr (-wyr) nm arbitrator cyflaithnm toffee cyflasynnm flavouring cyflawnadj full, complete cyflawndernm fullness; abundance cyflawnivb to fulfil, to perform, to commit cyflawniad (-au) nm fulfilment, performance cyfle (-oedd) nm place; chance, opportunity cyfledadj as broad as cyflegr (-au) nm gun, cannon, battery cyflegruvb to bombard cyflenwad (-au) nm supply cyflenwivb to supply cyfleuvb to place, to set; to convey cyfleusadj convenient cyfleustra (-terau) nm opportunity, convenience cyflinadj parallel cyfliwadj of the same colour cyfloadj in calf cyflog (-au) nmf hire, wage, wages cyflogaethnf employment cyflogedig (-ion) nm employee cyflogivb to hire; to engage in service cyflogwr (-wyr) nm hirer, employer cyflwr (-lyrau) nm condition; case cyflwyniadnm presentation; dedication cyflwynovb to present; to dedicate cyflwynydd (-ion) nm compère, presenter cyflychwr, cyflychwyrnm evening twilight, dusk cyflymadj quick, fast, swift cyflymder, cyflymdranm swiftness, speed cyflymuvb to speed, to accelerate cyflynuvb to stick together cyflyruvb to condition cyflythreniad (-au) nm alliteration cyfnerthuvb to confirm; to aid, to help cyfnerthydd (-ion, -wyr) nm strengthener, booster cyfnesaf (-iaid, -eifiaid) nmf next of kin, kinsman ▶ adj next, nearest cyfnewidvb to change, to exchange cyfnewidfa (-oedd, -feydd) nf exchange cyfnewidiad (-au) nm change, alteration cyfnewidioladj changeable cyfnewidiwr (-wyr) nm changer, trader cyfnither (-oedd) nf female cousin cyfnod (-au) nm period; cyfnod prawf trial period cyfnodoladj periodic(al) cyfnodolyn (-ion) nm periodical publication cyfnosnm evening twilight, dusk cyfochreddnm parallelism cyfochrogadj parallel cyfodivb to rise, to arise; to raise cyfodiadnm rise, rising cyfoedadj contemporary, of the same age ▶ nm (-ion) contemporary cyfoesadj contemporary, up-to-date cyfoesivb to be contemporary cyfoeswr (-wyr) nm contemporary cyfoethnm power; riches, wealth cyfoethogadj powerful; rich, wealthy cyfoethogivb to make or grow rich cyfognm sickness cyfogivb to vomit cyfornm flood, abundance; rim, brim, edge ▶ adj entire, brim-full cyforiogadj brim-full, overflowing cyfosodiadnm apposition cyfradd (-au) nf rate ▶ adj of equal rank; cyfradd llog rate of interest cyfraid (-reidiau) nm necessity cyfraith (-reithiau) nf law cyfran (-nau) nf part, portion, share cyfranc (-rangau) nfm meeting; combat; incident; story, tale cyfranddaliad (-au) nm share cyfranddaliwr (-wyr) nm shareholder cyfraniad (-au) nm contribution cyfranneddnm proportion cyfrannogadj participating, partaking cyfrannoladj contributing cyfrannuvb to contribute; to impart cyfrannwr (-anwyr) nm contributor cyfranogivb to participate, to partake cyfranogwr (-wyr) nm partaker cyfredoladj current, concurrent cyfreithiovb to go to law, to litigate cyfreithioladj legal cyfreithiwr (-wyr) nm lawyer cyfreithlonadj lawful, legitimate cyfreithlondebnm lawfulness cyfreithlonivb to legalize; to justify cyfreithusadj legitimate cyfres (-i) nf series cyfresoladj serial cyfresuvb to serialise cyfresymiad (-au) nm syllogism cyfresymuvb to syllogise cyfrgollivb to lose utterly; to damn cyfrifvb to count, to reckon; to account; to impute ▶ nm (-on) account, reckoning; cyfrif banc bank account cyfrifegnfm accountancy cyfrifiad (-au) nm counting; census cyfrifiadur (-on) nm computer; cyfrifiadur personol PC, personal computer cyfrifiaduregnf computer science cyfrifiaduron computing cyfrifiannellnf calculator cyfrifoladj of repute; responsible cyfrifoldeb (-au) nm responsibility cyfrifydd (-ion) nm accountant cyfrinadj secret, subtle cyfrinach (-au) nf secret cyfrinacholadj secret, private, confidential cyfrinair (-eiriau) nm password cyfrinfanf lodge of friendly society or trade union cyfrin-gyngor (-nghorau) nm privy council cyfriniaethnf mystery; mysticism cyfrinioladj mysterious, mystic cyfriniwr (-wyr) nm mystic cyfrodeddadj twisted, twined cyfrodedduvb to twist, to twine cyfrol (-au) nf volume cyfrwng (-ryngau) nm medium, means cyfrwy (-au) nm saddle cyfrwyovb to saddle cyfrwysadj cunning cyfrwystranm cunning cyfrwywr (-wyr) nm saddler cyfryngdodnm mediation, intercession; mediatorship cyfryngiadnm mediation; intervention cyfryngoladj mediatorial cyfrynguvb to mediate; to intervene cyfryngwr (-wyr) nm mediator cyfryngwriaethnf mediatorship cyfrywadj like, such cyfuchlinedd (-au) nm contour cyfuchliniaunpl contours cyfundeb (-au) nm union; connexion cyfundeboladj connexional; denominational cyfundrefn (-au) nf system cyfundrefnoladj systematic cyfundrefnuvb to systematize cyfuniad (-au) nm combination cyfunovb to unite, to combine cyfunoladj united cyfunrhywioladj homosexual cyfuwchadj as high cyfweldvb to interview cyfweliad (-au) nm interview cyfwelydd (-wyr) nm interviewer cyfwerthadj equivalent cyfwng (-yngau) nm space; interval cyfwrddvb to meet cyfyngadj narrow, confined cyfyngder (-au) nm trouble, distress cyfyngdranm narrowness; distress cyfyngedigadj confined, restricted, limited cyfyng-gyngornm perplexity cyfynguvb to narrow, to confine, to limit cyfylnm neighbourhood; ar ei gyfyl near him cyfyrder (-dyr) nm second cousin cyfystlysadj side by side cyfystyradj synonymous cyfystyronnpl synonyms cyff (-ion) nm stock cyffaith (-ffeithiau) nm confection cyffelybadj like, similar cyffelybiaeth (-au) nf likeness, similitude cyffelybiaetholadj figurative cyffelybrwyddnm likeness, similarity cyffelybuvb to liken, to compare cyffes (-ion) nf confession cyffesgell (-oedd) nf confessional cyffesuvb to confess cyffeswr (-wyr), cyfesydd (-ion) nm confessor cyffin (-iau, -ydd) nfm border, confine cyffindir (-oedd) nm frontier, march cyffiovb to stiffen; to fetter, to shackle; to beat cyffionnpl stocks cyffordd (-ffyrdd) nf junction cyffredinadj common; general cyffredineddnm mediocrity, banality cyffredinoladj general, universal cyffredinolivb to universalize, to generalize cyffredinolrwyddnm universality cyffredinwchnm commonness cyffro (-adau) nm motion, stir; excitement cyffroivb to move, to excite; to provoke cyffrousadj exciting; excited cyffur (-iau) nmf ingredient, drug cyffuriwr (-wyr) nm apothecary, druggist cyffwrddvb to meet, to touch cyffylog (-od) nm woodcock cyffyrddiad (-au) nm touch, contact cyffyrddusadj comfortable cygnogadj knotted, gnarled cyngaf, cyngawnm burdock; burs cynganadj suitable, harmonious cynganeddoladj in cynghanedd cynganedduvb to form cynghanedd; to harmonize cynganeddwr (-wyr) nm writer of cynghanedd cyngaws (cynghawsau, -ion) nm lawsuit, action; trial; battle cyngerdd (-ngherddau) nmf concert cynghanedd (cynganeddion) nf music, harmony; Welsh metrical alliteration cynghorivb to counsel, to advise; to exhort cynghorwr (-wyr) nm councillor; counsellor; exhorter cynghrair (-eiriau) nmf alliance, league cynghreiriad (-iaid) nm confederate, ally cynghreiriovb to league, to confederate cynghreiriwr (-wyr) nm confederate, ally cyngor (-nghorion) nm counsel, advice ▶ nm (-nghorau) council; Cyngor Bro Community Council; Cyngor Tref Town Council; Cyngor Sir County Council cyngres (-au, -i) nf congress cyngresydd (-wyr) nm congressman cyngwystl (-(i)on) nmf wager, pledge cyhoeddadj, nm public cyhoeddivb to publish, to announce cyhoeddiad (-au) nm publication; announcement; (preaching) engagement cyhoeddusadj public cyhoeddusrwyddnm publicity cyhoeddwr (-wyr) nm publisher cyhuddiad (-au) nm accusation, charge cyhuddovb to accuse, to charge cyhuddwr (-wyr) nm accuser cyhwfanvb to wave, to heave cyhydadj as long, so long cyhydeddnm equator cyhydeddoladj equatorial, equinoctial cyhyr (-au) nm flesh, muscle cyhyrogadj muscular cylch (-au, oedd) nm round, circle, sphere, hoop cylchdaith (-deithiau) nf circuit cylchdro (-eon, -adau) nm orbit cylchdroivb to rotate, to revolve cylched (-au) nm coverlet, blanket cylchedd (-au) nmf compass, circle, circuit cylchfannf roundabout cylchgrawn (-gronau) nm magazine cylchlythyr (-au) nm circular cylchredegvb to circulate cylchrediadnm circulation cylchres (-i) nf round, rota cylchwyl (-iau) nf anniversary, festival cylchynoladj surrounding cylchynuvb to surround, to encompass cylionnpl (nm-yn, nf-en) flies, gnats cylymuvb to knot, to tie cyllnpl (nfcollen) hazel-trees cylla (-on) nm stomach cyllell (-yll) nf knife cyllid (-au) nm revenue, income cyllideb (-au) nf budget cyllidovb to finance cyllidoladj financial, fiscal cyllidwr (-wyr), cyllidydd (-ion) nm tax-gatherer, revenue or excise officer, financier cymaintadj as big, as much, as many; so big etc cymal (-au) nm joint; clause cymalwstnf rheumatism cymanfa (-oedd) nf assembly; festival cymantoledd (-au) nm equilibrium cymanwladnf commonwealth cymar (-heiriaid) nm fellow, partner cymathiadnm assimilation cymathuvb to assimilate cymdeithas (-au) nf society, association; Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg The Welsh Language Society cymdeithasegnf sociology cymdeithasegoladj sociological cymdeithasgaradj sociable cymdeithasoladj social cymdeithasuvb to associate; to socialize cymdogaeth (-au) nf neighbourhood cymdogoladj neighbourly cymedr (-au) nm mean (in maths), average cymedroladj moderate, temperate cymedroldebnm moderation, temperance cymedrolivb to moderate cymedrolwr (-wyr) nm moderator; moderate drinker cymellvb to urge, to press, to persuade, to induce; to motivate ▶ nm (cymhellion) motivation cymenadj wise, skilful, neat, becoming cymer (-au) nm confluence cymeradwyadj acceptable, approved, commendable cymeradwyaethnf approval; applause; recommendation cymeradwyovb to approve; to recommend cymeradwyoladj commendatory cymeriad (-au) nm character, reputation cymesuradj proportionate, symmetrical cymesureddnm proportion, symmetry cymesuroladj commensurate, proportionate cymhareb (cymarebau) nf ratio cymhariaeth (cymariaethau) nf comparison cymharoladj comparative cymharuvb to pair; to compare cymhelliad (-elliadau) nm motive, inducement cymhendodnm knowledge; proficiency; tidiness; eloquence; affection cymhennuvb to put in order, to trim; to scold, to reprove cymhercynadj limping, infirm ▶ nm valetudinarian cymhleth (-au) adj complex, complicated cymhlethdod (-au) nm complexity cymhlethuvb to complicate cymhorthdal (cymorthdaloedd) nm subsidy, grant cymhwysiadnm application, adjustment cymhwysovb to apply, to adjust cymhwyster (cymwysterau) nm fitness, suitability; (pl) qualifications cymodnm reconciliation cymodivb to reconcile; to be reconciled cymodoladj reconciliatory, propitiatory cymodwr (-wyr) nm reconciler cymonadj orderly, tidy; seemly cymorthvb to assist, to aid, to help ▶ nm assistance, aid, help Cymraegnfm, adj Welsh Cymraesnf Welshwoman cymrawd (-odyr) nm comrade, fellow Cymreictodnm Welshness Cymreigadj Welsh Cymreiges (-au) nf Welshwoman Cymreigiovb to translate into Welsh Cymreigiwr (-wyr) nm one versed or skilled in Welsh; Welsh-speaking Welshman Cymro (Cymry) nm Welshman cymrodeddnm arbitration; compromise cymrodedduvb to compromise, to reconcile cymrodor (-ion) nm consociate, fellow cymrodoriaethnf fellowship Cymrunf Wales cymrwdnm mortar, plaster CymryseeCymro cymrydvb to take, to accept; cymryd ar pretend cymudovb to commute cymun, cymundebnm communion, fellowship cymunednf community; y Gymuned Ewropeaidd the European Community cymunedoladj community cymunovb to commune cymunwr (-wyr) nm communicant cymwy (-au) nm affliction cymwynas (-au) nf kindness, favour cymwynasgaradj obliging, kind cymwynasgarwchnm obligingness, kindness cymwynaswr (-wyr) nm benefactor cymwysadj fit, proper, suitable; exact cymwysedigadj applied cymwysiadoladj applicable cymydog (cymdogion) (fcymdoges) nm neighbour cymylogadj cloudy, clouded cymyluvb to cloud, to dim, to obscure cymyndodnm committal cymynnuvb to bequeath cymynrodd (-ion) nf legacy, bequest cymynroddivb to bequeath cymynuvb to hew, to fell cymynwr (-wyr) nm hewer, feller cymysgadj mixed cymysgeddnmf mixture cymysgfanf mixture, medley, hotchpotch cymysgliwadj motley cymysglydadj muddled, confused cymysgrywadj mongrel; heterogeneous cymysguvb to mix, to blend; to confuse cymysgwchnm mixture, jumble cymysgwr (-wyr) nm mixer, blender cyn1prefix before, previous, first, former, pre-, ex-; Cyn Crist Before Christ, B.C. cyn2adv:cyn gynted (â phosib) as soon (as possible); cyn wynned â as white as cŷn (cynion) nm wedge, chisel cynadleddavb to meet in conference cynaeafa, cynhaeafavb to dry in the sun cynaeafu, cynhaeafuvb to harvest cynaeafwr, cynhaeafwr (-wyr) nm harvester cynamseroladj premature, untimely cynaniadnm pronunciation cynanuvb to pronounce cyndad (-au) nm forefather, ancestor cynderfynoladj semi-final cyndynadj stubborn, obstinate cyndynnuvb to be obstinate cyndynrwyddnm stubbornness, obstinacy cynddareddnf madness; rabies cynddeiriogadj mad, rabid cynddeiriogivb to madden, to enrage cynddeiriogrwyddnm rage, fury cynddrwgadj as bad cynddyddnm day-break, dawn cynefinadj acquainted, accustomed, familiar ▶ nm haunt, habitat cynefindranm use, familiarity cynefinovb to get used, to become accustomed cynefinoladj usual, accustomed cynfas (-au) nfm (bed) sheet; canvas cynfydnm primitive world, antiquity cynffon (-nau) nf tail; tang cynffonnavb to fawn, to toady, to cringe cynffonnwr (-onwyr) nm toady, sycophant; sneak cyn-geniadj antenatal cynhadledd (cynadleddau) nf conference cynhaeaf (cynaeafau) nm harvest cynhaeafavb seecynaeafa cynhaeafuvb seecynaeafu cynhaeafwrnm seecynaeafwr cynhaliaethnf maintenance, support cynhalioladj sustaining cynhaliwr (-wyr) nm supporter, sustainer cynhanesioladj prehistoric cynhebrwng (-yngau) nm funeral cynhenidadj innate cynhennuvb to contend, to quarrel cynhennusadj contentious, quarrelsome cynhennwr (-henwyr) nm wrangler cynhesoladj agreeable, amiable cynhesrwyddnm warmth cynhesuvb to warm, to get warm; cynhesu byd-eang global warming cynhorthwy (cynorthwyon) nm help, aid cynhwynoladj natural, congenital, innate cynhwysedd (cynwyseddau) nm capacity, capacitance cynhwysfawradj comprehensive cynhwysiadnm contents cynhwysyddnm container cynhyrchiad (-au) nm production cynhyrchioladj productive cynhyrchuvb to produce cynhyrchydd (-ion, cynhyrchwyr) nm producer, generator cynhyrfiad (cynyrfiadau) nm stirring, agitation cynhyrfioladj stirring, thrilling cynhyrfuvb to stir, to agitate cynhyrfusadj agitated; exciting cynhyrfwr (-wyr) nm agitator, disturber cynhysgaethnf portion, fortune cyninm anguish, distress, adversity cyniferadj, nm as many, so many cynigiad (-au) nm proposal, motion cynigiwr (-wyr), cynigydd (-ion) nm proposer, mover cynildebnm frugality, economy cynilionnpl savings cynilovb to save, to economise cyniovb to chisel, to gouge cyniwairvb to go to and fro, to frequent cyniweirfa (-feydd) nf resort, haunt cyniweiryddnm wayfarer cynllun (-iau) nm pattern; plan cynlluniovb to plan, to design cynllunydd (-ion, -wyr) nm designer cynllwynvb to plot, to conspire ▶ nm (-ion) plot cynllwyniovb to conspire, to plot cynllwynwr (-wyr) nm conspirator cynnalvb to hold, to uphold, to support, to sustain cynnaradj early cynnauvb to kindle, to light cynneddf (cyneddfau) nf quality, faculty cynnen (cynhennau) nf contention, strife; asgwrn y gynnen bone of contention cynnesadj warm cynnigvb to offer; to attempt; to propose, to move; to bid; to apply ▶ nm (cynigion) offer; attempt; motion cynniladj economical; delicate cynnor (cynhorau) nf door-post cynnudnm firewood, fuel cynnullvb to collect, to gather, to assemble cynnwrfnm stir, commotion, agitation cynnwysvb to contain, to include, to comprise, to comprehend ▶ nm content(s) cynnyddnm increase, growth, progress cynnyrch (cynhyrchion) nm produce, product; (pl) productions cynoesoladj primeval cynorthwyovb to help, to assist cynorthwyoladj auxiliary; assistant cynorthwywr (-wyr) nm helper, assistant cynorthwyydd (-ion) nm:cynorthwyydd dosbarth classroom assistant cynraddadj primary cynrychioladoladj representative cynrychiolaethnf representation cynrychiolivb to represent cynrychiolwr (-wyr), cynrychiolydd (-ion) nm representative, delegate cynrhonnpl (nm-yn) maggots cynrhonivb to breed maggots cynrhonllydadj maggoty cyntadj earlier, sooner, quicker ▶ adv seegynt cyntafadj, adv first cyntedd (-au) nm court; porch, foyer cyntefigadj prime, primitive cyntunnm nap cynulleidfa (-oedd) nf congregation cynulleidfaoladj congregational cynulliad (-au) nm gathering cynutavb to gather fuel cynyddoladj increasing, growing cynydduvb to increase cynysgaedduvb to endow, to endue cypladnm copula cypladuvb to copulate cyplu, cyplysuvb to couple cyplysnodnm hyphen cyraeddadwyadj attainable cyraeddiadaunpl attainments cyrbibionnpl atoms, smithereens cyrcyduvb to squat, to cower cyrch (-au) nm attack cyrchfa (-feydd) nf resort cyrchfannf destination cyrchuvb to go, to resort, to repair cyrchwr (-wyr) nm cursor cyrensnpl (nfcyrensen) currants cyrhaeddgaradj telling, incisive cyrhaeddiad (cyraeddiadau) nm reach, attainment cyrliogadj curly cyrraeddvb to reach, to attain; to arrive; to get back cyrydiadnm corrosion cyryduvb to corrode cysawd (-odau) nm system; constellation cysefinadj original, primordial cysegr (-au, -oedd) nm sanctuary cysegredigadj consecrated, sacred cysegredigrwyddnm sacredness cysegriad (-au) nm consecration cysegr-ladradnm sacrilege cysegr-lânadj holy cysegruvb to consecrate, to dedicate, to devote cyseineddnm alliteration cysetlydadj fastidious cysgadrwyddnm sleepiness, drowsiness cysgadur (-iaid) nm sleeper cysglydadj sleepy cysgod (-au, -ion) nm shade, shadow; shelter; type cysgodivb to shadow, to shade; to shelter cysgodoladj shady, sheltered cysguvb to sleep cysgwr (-wyr) nm sleeper cysidrovb to consider cysodivb to set type, to compose cysodydd (-ion, -wyr) nm compositor cysonadj consistent, constant cysondebnm consistency; regularity cysonivb to harmonize; to reconcile cysonwr (-wyr), cysonydd (-ion) nm harmonist cystadleuaeth (-laethau) nf competition cystadleuoladj competitive cystadleuwr (-wyr), cystadleuyddnm competitor cystadluvb to compete; to compare cystaladj as good, so good ▶ adv as well, so well cystrawen (-nau) nf construction, syntax cystudd (-iau) nm affliction; illness cystuddiedigadj afflicted, contrite cystuddiovb to afflict, to trouble cystuddioladj afflicted cystuddiwr (-wyr) nm oppressor cystwyovb to tell off, to chastise cysur (-on) nm comfort, consolation cysurovb to comfort, to console cysurusadj comfortable cysurwr (-wyr) nm comforter cyswllt (-ylltiadau) nm joint, junction cysylltiad (-au) nm conjunction; joining, connexion; cysylltiadau cyhoeddus public relations cysylltiedigadj connected cysylltioladj connecting; connected cysylltnod (-au) nm ligature, hyphen cysylltuvb to join, to connect cysylltydd (-ion) nm connector, contact cysyniad (-au) nm concept cytbelladj equidistant cytbwysadj of equal weight cytbwyseddnm balance cytewnm batter cytgan (-au) nmf chorus cytgordnm concord cytir (-oedd) nm common cytrasadj allied, related; cognate cytsain (-seiniaid) nf consonant cytûnadj agreed, of one accord, unanimous cytundeb (-au) nm agreement, consent cytunovb to agree, to consent cythlwngnm fasting, fast, hunger cythraul (-euliaid) nm devil, demon cythreuldebnm devilment cythreuligadj devilish, fiendish cythruvb to snatch, to rush cythruddovb to annoy, to provoke, to irritate cythrwflnm uproar, tumult cythrybluvb to trouble, to agitate cythryblusadj troubled, agitated cyw (-ion) nm young bird, chick, chicken; baby cywainvb to convey, to carry; to garner cywair (-eiriau) nm order; key; tune cywaith (-weithiau) nm collective work, project cywarchnm hemp cywasg, cywasgedigadj diminished cywasgiad (-au) nm contraction, compression cywasguvb to contract, to compress cywasgydd (-ion) nm compressor cyweiriad (-au) nm repair cyweiriadur (-on) nm modulator cyweiriovb to set in order; to prepare, to dress cyweirnod (-au) nm key-note cywen (-nod) nf pullet, young hen cywerthadj equivalent cywilyddnm shame; shyness cywilydd-dranm shamefulness cywilyddgaradj bashful, shy cywilyddiovb to shame; to be ashamed cywilyddusadj shameful, disgraceful; outrageous cywiradj correct, accurate, true, faithful cywirdebnm correctness; integrity cywiriad (-au) nm correction cywirovb to correct; to make good; to perform cywirwr (-wyr) nm corrector cywladuvb to naturalize cywrainadj skilful; curious cywreinbeth (-au, cywreinion) nm curiosity cywreindebnm skill, ingenuity cywreinrwyddnm skill; curiosity cywydd (-au) nm alliterative Welsh poem cywyddwr (-wyr) nm composer of cywyddau ch (#) Chechnyanf Chechnya Chilenf Chile Chinanf China chwa (-on) nf puff, gust, breeze chwaer (chwiorydd) nf sister chwaeroliaethnf sisterhood chwaeth (-au, -oedd) nf taste chwaethuvb to taste chwaethusadj tasteful; decent chwaithadv nor either, neither chwâladj scattered, loose chwalfa (-feydd) nf upset, rout chwaluvb to scatter, to spread chwalwr (-wyr) nm scatterer, demolisher chwanegadj, nm more chwanegiad (-au) nm addition chwanegoladj additional chwaneguvb to add, to augment, to increase chwannen (chwain) nf flea chwannogadj desirous; addicted; prone chwant (-au) nm desire, craving, lust chwantuvb to desire, to lust chwapnm sudden blow; moment ▶ adv instantly chwarae, chwarevb to play ▶ nm play; chwaraeon y gaeaf winter sports chwaraedy (-dai) nm playhouse, theatre chwaraefa (-feydd) nf pitch, playground chwaraegaradj playful, sportive chwaraewr (-wyr) nm player, actor, performer; chwaraewr cryno-ddisgiau CD player; chwaraewr DVD DVD player chwaraeydd (-ion) nm actor chwarddiad (-au) nm laugh chwarel (-au, -i, -ydd) nf quarry chwarelwr (-wyr) nm quarryman chwareusadj playful chwarren (-arennau) nf gland; kernel chwart (-iau) nm quart chwarter (-i, -au) nm quarter chwarteroladj quarterly chwarterolyn (-olion) nm quarterly (magazine) chwarteruvb to quarter chweadj six (before a noun) chweban (-nau) nm sestet, sextain chwech (-au) adj, nm six chwechawd (-au) nm sextet chwechedadj sixth; chweched dosbarth sixth form chwedl (-au) nf story, tale chwedleuavb to talk, to gossip chwedleuwr (-wyr) nm story-teller chwedloniaethnf mythology chwedlonoladj mythical, mythological chwedlonydd (-wyr) nm mythologist chwedynadv:na chynt na chwedyn neither before nor after Chwefror, Chwefrolnm February chwennych, chwenychuvb to covet, to desire chwenychiad (-au) nm desire chweongl (-au) nm hexagon chwephlygadj sixfold chwerthinvb to laugh ▶ nm laughter chwerthiniad (-au) nm laugh chwerthinllydadj laughable, ridiculous chwerthinogadj laughing, merry chwerwadj bitter chwerwder, chwerwdodnm bitterness chwerweddnm bitterness chwerwivb to grow bitter, to embitter chwipron you chwib (-iau) nm whistle chwibanvb to whistle ▶ nm whistle chwibaniadnm whistling, whistle chwibanogl (-au) nf whistle, flute chwibanuvb to whistle chwibon (-iaid) nm curlew, stork chwifiovb to wave, to flourish, to brandish chwiff (-iau) nf whiff, puff chwiffiadnm whiff, jiffy chwil1 (-od) nmf beetle, chafer chwil2adj whirling, reeling chwilboethadj scorching, piping hot chwildroivb to whirl, to spin chwilen (chwilod) nf beetle chwilennavb to rummage; to pry; to pilfer chwiler (-od) nm chrysalis, pupa chwilfriwadj smashed to atoms chwilfriwiovb to smash, to shatter chwilfrydeddnm curiosity chwilfrydigadj curious, inquisitive chwilgaradj curious, inquisitive chwilgarwchnm inquisitiveness chwiliad (-au) nm search, scrutiny chwiliadur (-on) nm search engine chwilibawa, chwilibawanvb to dawdle, to trifle chwiliovb to search; to examine chwiliwr (-wyr) nm searcher chwil-lysnm inquisition chwilmantanvb to pry, to rummage chwilolau (-oleuadau) nm searchlight chwilotavb to rummage, to pry chwilotwr (-wyr) nm searcher, rummager chwimadj nimble, quick, agile chwimder, chwimdranm nimbleness chwimiovb to move, to stir, to accelerate chwimwthadj nimble, brisk chwincnm wink chwinciadnm twinkling, trice chwioryddseechwaer chwip (-iau) nf whip; whipping chwipiad (-au) nm whipping chwipiovb to whip chwipynadv instantly chwirligwgannf whirligig chwisginm whisky chwisl (-au) nm whistle chwistrell (-au, -i) nf squirt, syringe chwistrelliad (-au) nm injection chwistrelluvb to squirt, to syringe, to inject chwit-chwatadj fickle, inconstant chwithadj left; wrong; sad; strange chwithaupron you (on your part), you also chwithdod, chwithdranm strangeness chwithigadj strange, wrong, awkward chwithigrwyddnm awkwardness chwiw (-iau) nf fit, attack, malady chwiwgaradj fickle chwychwipron you yourselves chwŷd, chwydiadnm vomit chwyduvb to vomit, to spew chwydd, chwyddinm swelling chwyddiant (-nnau) nm inflation; inflammation chwyddovb to swell, to increase, to magnify chwyddwydr (-au) nm microscope chwŷl (chwylion) nmf turn, rotation chwyldro (-ion) nm rotation; orbit chwyldroad (-au) nm revolution chwyldroadoladj revolutionary chwyldroadwr (-wyr) nm revolutionary chwyldroivb to whirl, to revolve, to rotate chwyldrowrseechwyldroadwr chwylolwyn (-ion) nf flywheel chwyn (nmchwynnyn) coll n, npl weeds chwynladdwrnm weed-killer chwynnuvb to weed chwyrligwgan (-od) nm spinning top, whirligig chwyrlïovb to whirl, to spin, to speed chwyrlwynt (-oedd) nm whirlwind chwyrnadj rapid, swift chwyrnelluvb to whirl, to whiz chwyrnuvb to hum; to snore; to snarl chwyrnwr (-wyr) nm snorer; snarler chwysnm sweat, perspiration chwysfa (-feydd) nf sweating chwysiantnm exudation chwysigen (-igod) nf blister, vesicle chwyslydadj sweaty chwystyllaunpl pores chwysuvb to sweat, to perspire; to exude chwyswr (-wyr) nm sweater chwyth, chwythadnm breath chwythbib (-au) nf blowpipe chwythbrenninpl woodwinds chwythell (-i) nf jet chwythiad (-au) nm blow, blast chwythuvb to blow, to blast; to breathe; to hiss chwythwr (-wyr) nm blower d (#) daadj good, well ▶ nm (-oedd) good; goods; stock, cattle dacwadv there is, are; behold there dad-, dat-prefix un-, dis-, re-, back da-danm sweets dadansoddivb to analyse dadansoddiad (-au) nm analysis dadansoddoladj analytic(al) dadansoddwr (-wyr) nm analyst dadansoddydd (-wyr) nm analyser dadchwyddiant (-nnau) nm deflation dad-ddyfriovb to dehydrate dadebriadnm resuscitation dadebruvb to resuscitate, to revive dadelfeniad (-au) nm decomposition dadelfennuvb to decompose; to refine dadenivb to regenerate, to reanimate ▶ nm rebirth, renascence, renaissance dadfachuvb to unhook dadfathiadnm dissimulation dadfeiliadnm decay dadfeiliovb to fall to ruin, to decay dadflinovb to rest (after exertion) dadl (-euon) nf debate; doubt; plea dadlaithvb to thaw; to dissolve dadlauvb to argue, to debate; to plead dadleniad (-au) nm disclosure, exposure dadlennoladj revealing, disclosing, exposing dadlennuvb to disclose, to expose dadleolivb to dislocate dadleoliad (-au) nm dislocation dadleuaethnf polemics, controversy dadleugaradj argumentative dadleuoladj controversial, polemical dadleuwr (-wyr), dadleuydd (-ion) nm debater, controversialist; advocate dadluddeduvb to rest (after exertion) dadlwythovb to unload, to unburden; to download dadlygruvb to decontaminate dadmervb to thaw; to dissolve dadnitreiddiadnm denitrification dadolwchnm propitiation ▶ vb to worship, to seek forgiveness dadorchuddiovb to unveil, to uncover dadreolaethnf decontrol dadrewlifiantnm deglaciation dadrithiad (-au) nm disillusionment dadrithiovb to disillusion dadsefydluvb to disestablish dadwaddolivb to disendow dadwaddoliadnm disendowment dadwneuthur, dad-wneudvb to undo, to unmake dadwrddnm noise, uproar, hubbub dadymchwel, dadymchwelydvb to overturn, to overthrow daear (-oedd) nf earth, ground, soil daeardy (-dai) nm dungeon daearegnf geology daearegoladj geological daearegwr (-wyr), daearegydd (-ion) nm geologist daearennf the earth; land, country daearfochyn (-foch) nm badger daeargell (-oedd) nf dungeon, vault daeargi (-gwn) nm terrier daeargryd (-iau) nm earth tremor daeargryn (-fâu) nmf earthquake daearoladj terrestrial, earthly, earthy daearuvb to earth; to inter daearyddiaethnf geography daearyddoladj geographical daearyddwr (-wyr) nm geographer dafad (defaid) nf sheep; wart dafaden (-ennau) nf wart dafn (-au) nm drop dafnuvb to trickle dagr (-au) nm dagger, bayonet, dirk dagraunpl (nmdeigryn) tears dagreuoladj tearful, sad dailnpl (nfdalen, nfdeilen) leaves daioninm goodness, good daionusadj good; beneficial; beneficent dal, dalavb to hold; to catch; to arrest; to last; dal ati! carry on!, don’t give up! dalen (-nau, dail) nf leaf dalfa (-feydd) nf hold; arrest, custody; prison dalgylch (-oedd) nm catchment area daliad (-au) nm holding; tenet; spell daliwr (-wyr) nm jig, catcher dall (deillion) adj blind dallbleidiaethnf bigotry dallbleidioladj bigoted dallbleidiwr (-wyr) nm bigot dallinebnm blindness dalluvb to blind; to dazzle damcaniaeth (-au) nf theory damcaniaetholadj theoretical damcaniaethwr (-wyr) nm theorist damcanuvb to theorize, to speculate dameg (-hegion) nf parable damhegoladj parabolic(al), allegorical damhegwr (-wyr) nm allegorist damnedigadj damned, damnable damnedigaethnf damnation, condemnation damniovb to damn damnioladj damning, damnatory damsangvb to tread, to trample damwain (-weiniau) nf accident, chance, fate damweiniovb to befall, to happen damweinioladj accidental, casual danseetan danadlnpl (nfdanhadlen) nettles danascoll n deer; bwch danas buck danfonvb to send, to convey; to escort dangosvb to show dangoseg (-ion) nf index; indication dangosoladj indicative, demonstrative danheddogadj jagged, serrated, toothed dannodvb to reproach, to upbraid, to taunt, to twit dannoeddnf toothache dansoddoladj abstract dant (dannedd) nm tooth danteithfwyd (-teithion) nm dainty danteithioladj dainty, delicious danteithionnpl delicacies darbodaethnf thrift darbodusadj provident, thrifty darbwyllovb to persuade, to convince darfodvb to finish, to end; to perish; to happen darfodadwyadj transitory, perishable darfodedigadj perishable, transient darfodedigaethnm consumption darfudiad (-au) nm convection darfudoladj convectional darganfodvb to discover, to find out darganfyddiad (-au) nm discovery darganfyddwr (-wyr) nm discoverer dargludeddnm conductivity dargludovb to conduct dargludydd (-ion) nm conductor dargyfeireddnm divergence dargyfeiriovb to diverge, to divert darlith (-iau, -oedd) nf lecture darlithfa (-feydd) nf lecture room, lecture theatre darlithiovb to lecture darlithiwr (-wyr), darlithydd (-ion) nm lecturer darlun (-iau) nm picture darluniad (-au) nm portrayal, description darluniadoladj pictorial, illustrated darluniaethnf imagery darluniovb to portray, to depict, to describe darlunioladj pictorial darllediad (-au) nm broadcast darlleduvb to broadcast darlledwr (-wyr) nm broadcaster darllenvb to read darllenadwyadj readable, legible darllenfa (-feydd) nf reading room; reading-desk; lectern darllengaradj fond of reading, studious darlleniad (-au) nm reading darllenwr (-wyr), darllenydd (-ion) nm reader darn (-au) nm piece, fragment, part darnguddiovb to conceal or withhold a part darniad (-au) nm fragmentation darniovb to cut up, to hack darn-laddvb to beat mercilessly daroganvb to predict, to foretell, to forebode ▶ nf (-au) prediction, foreboding daroganuvb to predict, to foretell daroganwr (-wyr) nm predictor, prophet, soothsayer, forecaster darostwngvb to lower; to subdue; to subject, to humiliate darostyngiadnm humiliation; subjection darpar (-ion, -iadau) nm preparation, provision ▶ adj intended, elect darpariaeth (-au) nf preparation, provision darparuvb to prepare, to provide darparwr (-wyr) nm provider darwdennf ringworm das (-au, deisi) nf rick, stack dat-prefix seedad- datanm data datblygiad (-au) nm development, evolution datblygoladj nascent, developing datblyguvb to develop, to evolve datblygusadj developmental datblygydd (-ion) nm developer datchwyddiantnm deflation datganvb to declare; to recount; to render datganiad (-au) nm declaration; rendering datganolivb to devolve, to decentralize ▶ nm devolution datganoliadnm devolution datganuvb to declare; to sing, to render datgeliad (-au) nm detection; revelation datgeluvb to detect; to reveal datgloivb to unlock datglymuvb to unhitch, to undo datgorfforivb to dissolve (parliament) datgorfforiadnm dissolution datguddiad (-au) nm revelation, disclosure datguddiovb to reveal, to disclose datgyffesiadnm recantation datgyffesuvb to recant datgymaluvb to dislocate, to dismember datgysylltiadnm disestablishment datgysylltuvb to disconnect; to disestablish datodvb to undo, to untie, to dissolve datrannuvb to dissect datrovb to change; to undo datrysvb to solve datrysiad (-au) nm solution, resolution datseiniovb to resound, to reverberate datsgwar (-au) nm square root datysen (datys) nf date dathliad (-au) nm celebration dathluvb to celebrate dau (fdwy) adj, nm two dau-, deu-prefix two, bi- dauddyblygadj twofold, double daufiniogadj double-edged dauwynebogadj two-faced dawn (doniau) nmf gift, talent dawns (-iau) nf dance dawnsiovb to dance dawnsiwr (-wyr) nm dancer dawnusadj gifted, talented deadj, nf right ▶ nm south De Affricanf South Africa deallvb to understand ▶ nm understanding, intellect, intelligence dealladwyadj intelligible deallgaradj intelligent dealloladj intellectual dealltwriaeth (-au) nf understanding, intelligence deallusadj understanding, intelligent deallusionnpl intelligentsia deallusrwyddnm intelligence deauadj, nf right ▶ nm south debentur (-on) nm debenture debyd (-au) nm debit debyduvb to debit dec (-iau, -s) nm deck decilitr (-au) nm decilitre decimetr (-au) nm decimetre decstrosnm dextrose dectantnm ten-stringed instrument, psaltery dechrauvb to begin ▶ nm beginning dechreuad (-au) nm beginning dechreunosnf nightfall, dusk dechreuoladj initial dechreuwr (-wyr) nm beginner dedfryd (-au) nf verdict; sentence dedfryduvb to sentence dedlein (-s) nf deadline dedwyddadj happy, blessed dedwyddwch, dedwyddydnm happiness, bliss deddf (-au) nf law, statute, act deddfegnf jurisprudence deddfegwr (-wyr) nm jurist deddfoladj legal, lawful deddfuvb to legislate, to enact deddfwr (-wyr) nm legislator deddfwriaethnf legislation, legislature deddfwriaetholadj legislative deddlyfr (-au) nm statute book de-ddwyrainnm southeast defnivb to drip, to trickle defnydd (-iau) nm material, stuff; use defnyddiovb to use, to utilize, to employ; defnyddio’r cwbl o, defnyddio’r cyfan o use up defnyddioladj useful defnyddioldebnm usefulness, utility defnyddiwr (-wyr) nm user, consumer defnyn (-nau) nm drop defnynnuvb to drop, to drip, to dribble, to distil defod (-au) nf custom; rite, ceremony defodaethnf ritualism defodoladj ritualistic defosiwn (-ynau) nm devotion defosiynoladj devotional, devout deffro, deffroivb to rouse; to wake deffroad (-au) nm awakening degadj ten ▶ nm (-au) ten degaiddadj denary degawd (-au) nm decade degiad (-au) nm decimal degol (-ion) nm, adj decimal degolivb to decimalise degoliadnm decimalisation degolyn (degolion) nm decimal degwm (-ymau) nm tenth, tithe degymuvb to tithe dehau, deheuseedeau deheubarth, deheudirnm southern region, south deheuigadj dexterous, skilful deheulawnf right hand deheuoladj southern deheurwyddnm dexterity, skill deheuwr (-wyr) nm southerner deheuwyntnm south wind dehonglivb to interpret dehongliad (-au) nm interpretation dehonglwr (-wyr), dehonglydd (-ion) nm interpreter dehydrad (-au) nm dehydration dehydruvb to dehydrate deial (-au) nm dial deialog (-au) nmf dialogue deialuvb to dial deifiovb to singe, to scorch; to blast; to dive deifioladj scorching, scathing deifiwr (-wyr) nm diver deigryn (dagrau) nm tear deilbriddnm humus deildy (-dai) nm bower, arbour deilen (dail) nf leaf deilgolladj deciduous deiliad (-on, deiliaid) nm tenant; subject deiliant (-nnau) nm foliage deiliovb to leaf deiliogadj leafy deilliovb to proceed, to emanate, to issue deinamegnf dynamics deinamigadj dynamic deinamo (-s, -au) nm dynamo deincodnm teeth on edge deincrydnm chattering or gnashing of teeth deintiovb to nibble deintrod (-au) nf cog deintydd (-ion) nm dentist deintyddiaethnf dentistry deintyddoladj dental deiseb (-au) nf petition deisebuvb to petition deisebwr (-wyr), deisebydd (-ion) nm petitioner deisyf, deisyfuvb to desire, to wish; to beseech, to entreat deisyfiad (-au) nm request, petition deladj pretty, neat delfryd (-au) nm ideal delfrydiaethnf idealism delfrydoladj ideal delfryduvb to idealize delfrydwr (-wyr) nm idealist delffnm churl, oaf, dolt, rascal deliovb to deal delw (-au) nf image; form, mode, manner delwedd (-au) nf image delweddaethnf imagery delwedduvb to portray delwivb to pale, to be paralysed with fright dellninm blindness delltnpl (nf-en) laths, lattice, splinters democratiaeth (-au) nf democracy democratigadj democratic demograffegnf demography demograffigadj demographic dengadj ten (before certain words) dengaradj attractive dengarwchnm attractiveness deniadaunpl attractions, allurements deniadoladj attractive denimsnpl denims Denmarcnf Denmark denuvb to attract, to allure, to entice deon (-iaid) nm dean deondy (-dai) nm deanery deoniaeth (-au) nf deanery deorvb to brood, to hatch, to incubate deorfa (-fâu, -feydd) nf hatchery de-orllewinnm southwest deorydd (-ion) nf incubator derbynvb to receive; to accept; to admit derbyniad (-au) nm receipt; reception derbyniadwyadj admissible derbynioladj acceptable derbyniwr (derbynwyr) nm = derbynnydd derbynneb (-ynebau, -ynebion) nf receipt, voucher derbynnydd (-ynyddion) nm receiver derinpl (nfdâr) oak-trees, oak dernyn (-nau) nm piece, scrap derwen (derw, deri) nf oak-tree, oak derwydd (-on) nm druid derwyddiaethnf druidism derwyddoladj druidic(al) desg (-iau) nf desk; desg dalu checkout desgant (-au) nm descant desibel (-au) nm decibel destlusadj neat destlusrwyddnm neatness detector (-au) nm detector detholvb to select, to pick, to choose ▶ adj select detholeddnm selectivity detholiad (-au, detholion) nm selection, anthology deu-seedau- deuawd (-au) nfm duet deublygadj double, twofold deuddegadj, nm twelve deufinadj two-edged deuffocaladj bifocal deugainadj, nm forty deugraffnm digraph deunawadj, nm eighteen deunydd (-iau) nm stuff, material; deunydd lapio packaging deuocsidnm dioxide deuod (-au) nm diode, binary deuoladj dual deuoliaethnf dualism, duality deuparthnd two-thirds deurisadj two-tier deuruddnd the cheeks deurywadj bisexual deurywioladj bisexual deusainnd diphthong deutund:o ddeutu about dewin (-iaid) nm diviner, magician, wizard dewines (-au) nf witch, sorceress dewiniaethnf divination, witchcraft dewiniovb to divine dewiniol, dewinoladj prophetic, divinatory dewisvb to choose, to select ▶ nm choice dewisiadnm choice, option dewisoladj choice, desirable; optional dewradj brave ▶ nm (-ion) brave man, hero dewrdernm bravery, valour di-neg prefix without, not, un-, non-, -less diabetigadj, nm diabetic diacon (-iaid) nm deacon diacones (-au) nf deaconess diaconiaethnf diaconate diadell (-au, -oedd) nf flock diaddurnadj unadorned, plain, rude diaelodivb to dismember; to expel a member diafaeladj slippery, careless diafol (diefyl, dieifl) nm devil diaffram (-au) nm diaphragm diagnosisnm diagnosis diangenadj unnecessary, free from want dianghenraidadj unnecessary, needless di-ailadj unequalled, unrivalled dialvb to avenge, to revenge ▶ nm vengeance, revenge dialedd (-au) nm vengeance, nemesis dialgaradj revengeful, vindictive dialgarwchnm vindictiveness di-alw-amdanoadj redundant, uncalled for dialwr (-wyr), dialydd (-ion) nm avenger diamauadj doubtless diamcanadj aimless, purposeless diamedr (-au) nm diameter diamedraladj diametral diamheuoladj undoubted, indisputable diamodadj unconditional, absolute diamodoladj unconditional, unqualified diamwysadj unambiguous diamyneddadj impatient diancvb to escape dianwadaladj unwavering, immutable dianwadalwchnm immutability diarddelvb to expel, to excommunicate diarddeliadnm expulsion, excommunication diarfogivb to disarm diarfogiadnm disarmament diarfforddadj out of the way, inaccessible diargyhoeddadj blameless diarheboladj proverbial diaroglydd (-ion) nm deodorant diarwybodadj unawares diasbadnf cry, scream diasbedainvb to resound, to ring diatregadj immediate diauadj true, certain; doubtless diawl (-iaid) nm devil diawledigadj devilish di-baid, dibaidadj unceasing, ceaseless di-ball, diballadj unfailing, infallible, sure diben (-ion) nm end, purpose, aim di-ben-drawadj endless dibeniad (-au) nm ending, conclusion; predicate di-benllanwadj off-peak dibennuvb to end, to conclude, to finish diberfedduvb to disembowel, to eviscerate dibetrusadj unhesitating dibl (-au) nm border, edge di-blwmadj lead-free diboblogaethnf depopulation diboblogivb to depopulate dibrinadj abundant, plentiful dibriodadj unmarried, single Конец ознакомительного фрагмента. 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